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Title: Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships

Abstract

Due to the low volatility and highly oxygenated nature of biomass derived feedstocks, biomass upgrade reactions are frequently conducted in the presence of solvent to improve substrate mass transfer to the catalyst surface. However, relevant catalyst characterization techniques are most often performed in vacuum or inert gas environments, where the effect of solvent on the catalytic sites is ignored. Comparatively, characterization techniques in the presence of solvent are relatively rare, which poses challenges in developing structure–activity relationships for liquid phase reactions. In this perspective, commonly utilized techniques for probing the solid–liquid interface are briefly covered, with a focus on the role of solvent on zeolite and solid acid catalysis. New applications of techniques are proposed, most notably with ATR-FTIR, in the context of extracting thermodynamic information for the further understanding of the role of solvent on broadly applicable catalyst properties, such as acidity, and to develop structure–activity relationships for solid catalysts in solvent.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), Washington, D.C. (United States). Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation (CCEI)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1410462
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1470098
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001004
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Chemical Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Chemical Science Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-6520
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; catalysis (homogeneous); catalysis (heterogeneous); biofuels (including algae and biomass); bio-inspired; hydrogen and fuel cells; materials and chemistry by design; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing)

Citation Formats

Gould, Nicholas S., and Xu, Bingjun. Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/C7SC03728G.
Gould, Nicholas S., & Xu, Bingjun. Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships. United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C7SC03728G.
Gould, Nicholas S., and Xu, Bingjun. Mon . "Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships". United Kingdom. doi:10.1039/C7SC03728G.
@article{osti_1410462,
title = {Catalyst characterization in the presence of solvent: development of liquid phase structure–activity relationships},
author = {Gould, Nicholas S. and Xu, Bingjun},
abstractNote = {Due to the low volatility and highly oxygenated nature of biomass derived feedstocks, biomass upgrade reactions are frequently conducted in the presence of solvent to improve substrate mass transfer to the catalyst surface. However, relevant catalyst characterization techniques are most often performed in vacuum or inert gas environments, where the effect of solvent on the catalytic sites is ignored. Comparatively, characterization techniques in the presence of solvent are relatively rare, which poses challenges in developing structure–activity relationships for liquid phase reactions. In this perspective, commonly utilized techniques for probing the solid–liquid interface are briefly covered, with a focus on the role of solvent on zeolite and solid acid catalysis. New applications of techniques are proposed, most notably with ATR-FTIR, in the context of extracting thermodynamic information for the further understanding of the role of solvent on broadly applicable catalyst properties, such as acidity, and to develop structure–activity relationships for solid catalysts in solvent.},
doi = {10.1039/C7SC03728G},
journal = {Chemical Science},
number = 2,
volume = 9,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1039/C7SC03728G

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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Reaction coordinate diagram depicting the effect of solvent.

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