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Title: Dislocations Accelerate Oxygen Ion Diffusion in La 0.8Sr 0.2MnO 3 Epitaxial Thin Films

Revealing whether dislocations accelerate oxygen ion transport is important for providing abilities in tuning the ionic conductivity of ceramic materials. In this study, we report how dislocations affect oxygen ion diffusion in Sr-doped LaMnO 3 (LSM), a model perovskite oxide that serves in energy conversion technologies. LSM epitaxial thin films with thicknesses ranging from 10 nm to more than 100 nm were prepared by pulsed laser deposition on single-crystal LaAlO 3 and SrTiO 3 substrates. The lattice mismatch between the film and substrates induces compressive or tensile in-plane strain in the LSM layers. This lattice strain is partially reduced by dislocations, especially in the LSM films on LaAlO 3. Oxygen isotope exchange measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry revealed the existence of at least two very different diffusion coefficients in the LSM films on LaAlO 3. In conclusion, the diffusion profiles can be quantitatively explained by the existence of fast oxygen ion diffusion along threading dislocations that is faster by up to 3 orders of magnitude compared to that in LSM bulk.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Vienna Univ. of Technology, Vienna (Austria)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); South China Univ. of Technology, Guangzhou (People's Republic of China)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Vienna Univ. of Technology, Vienna (Austria); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0002633
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; (La,Sr)MnO3; dislocation; epitaxial thin film; oxygen diffusion; oxygen surface exchange; strain; ToF-SIMS
OSTI Identifier:
1410461
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1421603