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Title: Synthesis, Crystal and Electronic Structures, and Optical Properties of (CH 3NH 3) 2CdX 4 (X = Cl, Br, I)

Here, we report the synthesis, crystal and electronic structures, as well as optical properties of the hybrid organic–inorganic compounds MA 2CdX 4 (MA = CH 3NH 3; X = Cl, Br, I). MA 2CdI 4 is a new compound, whereas, for MA 2CdCl 4 and MA 2CdBr 4, structural investigations have already been conducted but electronic structures and optical properties are reported here for the first time. Single crystals were grown through slow evaporation of MA 2CdX 4 solutions with optimized conditions yielding mm-sized colorless (X = Cl, Br) and pale yellow (X = I) crystals. Single crystal and variable temperature powder X-ray diffraction measurements suggest that MA 2CdCl 4 forms a 2D layered perovskite structure and has two structural transitions at 283 and 173 K. In contrast, MA 2CdBr 4 and MA 2CdI 4 adopt 0D K 2SO 4-derived crystal structures based on isolated CdX 4 tetrahedra and show no phase transitions down to 20 K. The contrasting crystal structures and chemical compositions in the MA 2CdX 4 family impact their air stabilities, investigated for the first time in this work; MA 2CdCl 4 is air-stable, whereas MA 2CdBr 4 and MA 2CdI 4 partially decompose when left inmore » air. Optical absorption measurements suggest that MA 2CdX 4 have large optical band gaps above 3.9 eV. Room temperature photoluminescence spectra of MA 2CdX 4 yield broad peaks in the 375–955 nm range with full width at half-maximum values up to 208 nm. These PL peaks are tentatively assigned to self-trapped excitons in MA 2CdX 4 following the crystal and electronic structure considerations. The bands around the Fermi level have small dispersions, which is indicative of high charge localization with significant exciton binding energies in MA 2CdX 4. On the basis of our combined experimental and computational results, MA 2CdX 4 and related compounds may be of interest for white-light-emitting phosphors and scintillator applications.« less
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  1. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: