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Title: Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120

Abstract

The reaction 54Cr$ + $248Cm was investigated at the velocity filter SHIP at GSI, Darmstadt, with the intention to study production and decay properties of isotopes of element 120. Three correlated signals were measured, which occurred within a period of 279ms. The heights of the signals correspond with the expectations for a decay sequence starting with an isotope of element 120. However, a complete decay chain cannot be established, since a signal from the implantation of the evaporation residue cannot be identified unambiguously. Measured properties of the event chain are discussed in detail. The result is compared with theoretical predictions. Previously measured decay properties of even element super-heavy nuclei were compiled in order to find arguments for an assignment from the systematics of experimental data. In the course of this review, a few tentatively assigned data could be corrected. New interpretations are given for results which could not be assigned definitely in previous studies. The discussion revealed that the cross-section for production of element 120 could be high enough so that a successful experiment seems possible with presently available techniques. However, a continuation of the experiment at SHIP for a necessary confirmation of the results obtained in a relatively shortmore » irradiation of five weeks is not possible at GSI presently. Furthermore, we decided to publish the results of the measurement and of the review as they exist now. In the summary and outlook section we also present concepts for the continuation of research in the field of super-heavy nuclei.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [9];  [10] more »;  [8];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [2];  [14];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [8];  [8];  [5];  [2];  [5];  [15];  [13] « less
  1. GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Goethe-Univ. Frankfurt, Frankfurt (Germany)
  2. GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)
  3. GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Manipal Univ., Karnataka (India)
  4. Comenius Univ., Bratislava (Slovakia)
  5. Johannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz, Mainz (Germany)
  6. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  7. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
  8. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  9. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Warsaw, Warsaw (Poland)
  10. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  11. RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Saitama (Japan)
  12. Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki (Japan)
  13. Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)
  14. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  15. Univ. of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla (Finland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1410078
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-684167
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Hofmann, S., Heinz, S., Mann, R., Maurer, J., Munzenberg, G., Antalic, S., Barth, W., Burkhard, H. G., Dahl, L., Eberhardt, K., Grzywacz, R., Hamilton, J. H., Henderson, R. A., Kenneally, J. M., Kindler, B., Kojouharov, I., Lang, R., Lommel, B., Miernik, K., Miller, D., Moody, K. J., Morita, K., Nishio, K., Popeko, A. G., Roberto, J. B., Runke, J., Rykaczewski, K. P., Saro, S., Scheidenberger, C., Schott, H. J., Shaughnessy, D. A., Stoyer, M. A., Thorle-Pospiech, P., Tinschert, K., Trautmann, N., Uusitalo, J., and Yeremin, A. V. Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4.
Hofmann, S., Heinz, S., Mann, R., Maurer, J., Munzenberg, G., Antalic, S., Barth, W., Burkhard, H. G., Dahl, L., Eberhardt, K., Grzywacz, R., Hamilton, J. H., Henderson, R. A., Kenneally, J. M., Kindler, B., Kojouharov, I., Lang, R., Lommel, B., Miernik, K., Miller, D., Moody, K. J., Morita, K., Nishio, K., Popeko, A. G., Roberto, J. B., Runke, J., Rykaczewski, K. P., Saro, S., Scheidenberger, C., Schott, H. J., Shaughnessy, D. A., Stoyer, M. A., Thorle-Pospiech, P., Tinschert, K., Trautmann, N., Uusitalo, J., & Yeremin, A. V. Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120. United States. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4.
Hofmann, S., Heinz, S., Mann, R., Maurer, J., Munzenberg, G., Antalic, S., Barth, W., Burkhard, H. G., Dahl, L., Eberhardt, K., Grzywacz, R., Hamilton, J. H., Henderson, R. A., Kenneally, J. M., Kindler, B., Kojouharov, I., Lang, R., Lommel, B., Miernik, K., Miller, D., Moody, K. J., Morita, K., Nishio, K., Popeko, A. G., Roberto, J. B., Runke, J., Rykaczewski, K. P., Saro, S., Scheidenberger, C., Schott, H. J., Shaughnessy, D. A., Stoyer, M. A., Thorle-Pospiech, P., Tinschert, K., Trautmann, N., Uusitalo, J., and Yeremin, A. V. Tue . "Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120". United States. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410078.
@article{osti_1410078,
title = {Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120},
author = {Hofmann, S. and Heinz, S. and Mann, R. and Maurer, J. and Munzenberg, G. and Antalic, S. and Barth, W. and Burkhard, H. G. and Dahl, L. and Eberhardt, K. and Grzywacz, R. and Hamilton, J. H. and Henderson, R. A. and Kenneally, J. M. and Kindler, B. and Kojouharov, I. and Lang, R. and Lommel, B. and Miernik, K. and Miller, D. and Moody, K. J. and Morita, K. and Nishio, K. and Popeko, A. G. and Roberto, J. B. and Runke, J. and Rykaczewski, K. P. and Saro, S. and Scheidenberger, C. and Schott, H. J. and Shaughnessy, D. A. and Stoyer, M. A. and Thorle-Pospiech, P. and Tinschert, K. and Trautmann, N. and Uusitalo, J. and Yeremin, A. V.},
abstractNote = {The reaction 54Cr$ + $248Cm was investigated at the velocity filter SHIP at GSI, Darmstadt, with the intention to study production and decay properties of isotopes of element 120. Three correlated signals were measured, which occurred within a period of 279ms. The heights of the signals correspond with the expectations for a decay sequence starting with an isotope of element 120. However, a complete decay chain cannot be established, since a signal from the implantation of the evaporation residue cannot be identified unambiguously. Measured properties of the event chain are discussed in detail. The result is compared with theoretical predictions. Previously measured decay properties of even element super-heavy nuclei were compiled in order to find arguments for an assignment from the systematics of experimental data. In the course of this review, a few tentatively assigned data could be corrected. New interpretations are given for results which could not be assigned definitely in previous studies. The discussion revealed that the cross-section for production of element 120 could be high enough so that a successful experiment seems possible with presently available techniques. However, a continuation of the experiment at SHIP for a necessary confirmation of the results obtained in a relatively short irradiation of five weeks is not possible at GSI presently. Furthermore, we decided to publish the results of the measurement and of the review as they exist now. In the summary and outlook section we also present concepts for the continuation of research in the field of super-heavy nuclei.},
doi = {10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4},
journal = {European Physical Journal. A},
number = 6,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Nuclear Ground-State Masses and Deformations
journal, March 1995

  • Moller, P.; Nix, J. R.; Myers, W. D.
  • Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, Vol. 59, Issue 2, p. 185-381
  • DOI: 10.1006/adnd.1995.1002