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Title: Elastic Properties across the y→α Volume Collapse in Cerium versus Pressure and Temperature

Here, the longitudinal and transverse sound speeds, c L and c T, of polycrystalline cerium were measured isothermally vs pressure up to the critical temperature across the iso-structural γ-α volume collapse (VC) phase transition. We deduce values for the adiabatic bulk modulus BS, the shear modulus G = ρc T 2, the Poisson’s ratio ν and the Debye temperature, θ D(p). We find that the elastic constant C 12 is solely responsible for the decrease of B S with pressure towards the VC at RT. With increasing temperature, the lattice contribution ΔS vib(γ→α) to the total entropy change across the VC decreases more rapidly to zero than the total entropy itself suggesting that another mechanism, possibly disorder, assists in stabilizing the γ-phase entropically against the α-phase. Also, with increasing temperature, the Poisson’s ratio becomes negative near the VC transition, meaning that cerium metal takes on auxetic characteristics over a small pressure range. At the critical point the Poisson’s ratio ought to be -1, since the isothermal bulk modulus vanishes and the shear modulus remains nonzero.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Carnegie Institute of Washington, Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-677515
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1410020