skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Realization of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in U 3 Al 2 Ge 3

Abstract

In this paper, we report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements and theoretical modeling of U 3 Al 2 Ge 3 . Analysis of the SANS data reveals a phase transition to sinusoidally modulated magnetic order at T N = 63 K to be second order and a first-order phase transition to ferromagnetic order at T c = 48 K. Within the sinusoidally modulated magnetic phase (T c < T < T N), we uncover a dramatic change, by a factor of 3, in the ordering wave vector as a function of temperature. Finally, these observations all indicate that U 3 Al 2 Ge 3 is a close realization of the three-dimensional axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model, a prototypical framework for describing commensurate to incommensurate phase transitions in frustrated magnets.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Center for Neutron Research; Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); LANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; Dept. of Commerce (United States); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1409774
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408169; OSTI ID: 1410942; OSTI ID: 1481410
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-24069
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; DMR-1508249; AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Material Science

Citation Formats

Fobes, David M., Lin, Shi-Zeng, Ghimire, Nirmal J., Bauer, Eric D., Thompson, Joe D., Bleuel, Markus, DeBeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., and Janoschek, Marc. Realization of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in U3Al2Ge3. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174413.
Fobes, David M., Lin, Shi-Zeng, Ghimire, Nirmal J., Bauer, Eric D., Thompson, Joe D., Bleuel, Markus, DeBeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., & Janoschek, Marc. Realization of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in U3Al2Ge3. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174413.
Fobes, David M., Lin, Shi-Zeng, Ghimire, Nirmal J., Bauer, Eric D., Thompson, Joe D., Bleuel, Markus, DeBeer-Schmitt, Lisa M., and Janoschek, Marc. Thu . "Realization of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in U3Al2Ge3". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174413. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409774.
@article{osti_1409774,
title = {Realization of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in U3Al2Ge3},
author = {Fobes, David M. and Lin, Shi-Zeng and Ghimire, Nirmal J. and Bauer, Eric D. and Thompson, Joe D. and Bleuel, Markus and DeBeer-Schmitt, Lisa M. and Janoschek, Marc},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we report small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements and theoretical modeling of U3Al2Ge3. Analysis of the SANS data reveals a phase transition to sinusoidally modulated magnetic order at TN = 63 K to be second order and a first-order phase transition to ferromagnetic order at Tc = 48 K. Within the sinusoidally modulated magnetic phase (Tc < T < TN), we uncover a dramatic change, by a factor of 3, in the ordering wave vector as a function of temperature. Finally, these observations all indicate that U3Al2Ge3 is a close realization of the three-dimensional axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model, a prototypical framework for describing commensurate to incommensurate phase transitions in frustrated magnets.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174413},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 17,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Phenomenological Discussion of Magnetic Ordering in the Heavy Rare-Earth Metals
journal, October 1961


Spherical neutron polarimetry with MuPAD
journal, July 2007


Generalized Ginzburg-Landau theory for nonuniform FFLO superconductors
journal, February 1997


Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devil's staircase
journal, June 1982


Magnetic phase transitions of CeSb. I. Zero applied magnetic field
journal, January 1978


Frozen-In Devil's Staircase in U(Ru 1- x Rh x ) 2 Si 2 Mixed Compound System as Studied by Neutron Diffraction
journal, February 1994

  • Kawarazaki, Shuzo; Kobashi, Yutaka; Taniguchi, Toshifumi
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 63, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.63.716

Ground State of the Classical XY Model with Twofold Symmetry Breaking Field Pertaining to the Devil's Staircase
journal, January 1998

  • Yamashita, Mamoru
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 67, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.67.198

Frustration and the Kondo Effect in Heavy Fermion Materials
journal, September 2010

  • Coleman, Piers; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 161, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-010-0213-4

Low temperature magnetic structure of CeRhIn 5 by neutron diffraction on absorption-optimized samples
journal, March 2017

  • Fobes, D. M.; Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 29, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa6696

Origin of modulated phases and magnetic hysteresis in TmB 4
journal, December 2015


Possible devil's staircase in the Kondo lattice CeSbSe
journal, July 2017


Magnetic structure of CeRhIn 5 under magnetic field
journal, May 2007


The ANNNI model — Theoretical analysis and experimental application
journal, November 1988


Phase locking in Heisenberg helimagnets
journal, May 1990

  • Harris, A. B.; Rastelli, E.; Tassi, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 67, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.345838

Magnitude of the Magnetic Exchange Interaction in the Heavy-Fermion Antiferromagnet CeRhIn 5
journal, December 2014


On magnetic phase transitions in CeBi
journal, January 1982


Magnetic structures of U3M2M3′, M=Al, Ga; M′=Si, Ge: a neutron powder diffraction study
journal, January 1999

  • Rogl, Peter; André, Gilles; Boureé, Francoise
  • Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 191, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(98)00370-9

Die Röntgenkleinwinkelstreuung von dichtgepackten kolloiden Systemen: II. Teil
journal, January 1952


Ising model with solitons, phasons, and "the devil's staircase"
journal, June 1980


Magnetic phase transitions of CeSb. II. Effects of applied magnetic fields
journal, March 1978


Die Röntgenkleinwinkelstreuung von dichtgepackten kolloiden Systemen: I. Teil
journal, November 1951


Fluctuation-induced first-order phase transition in Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya helimagnets
journal, April 2013