skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408-5354

Abstract

We present detailed modelling of the recently discovered, quadruply lensed quasar J0408-5354, with the aim of interpreting its remarkable configuration: besides three quasar images (A,B,D) around the main deflector (G1), a fourth image (C) is significantly reddened and dimmed by a perturber (G2) which is not detected in the Dark Energy Survey imaging data. From lens models incorporating (dust-corrected) flux ratios, we find a perturber Einstein radius 0.04 arcsec ≲ RE, G2 ≲ 0.2 arcsec and enclosed mass M p(R E, G2) ≲ 1.0 × 10 10 M⊙. The main deflector has stellar mass log10 (M */M⊙) =11.49$$+0.46\atop{-0.32}$$ log10 (M */M⊙)=11.49-0.32+0.46 , a projected mass M p(R E, G1) ≈ 6 × 10 11 M⊙ within its Einstein radius R E, G1 = (1.85 ± 0.15) arcsec and predicted velocity dispersion 267–280 km s -1. Follow-up images from a companion monitoring campaign show additional components, including a candidate second source at a redshift between the quasar and G1. Models with free perturbers, and dust-corrected and delay-corrected flux ratios, are also explored. The predicted time-delays (Δt AB = (135.0 ± 12.6) d, Δt BD = (21.0 ± 3.5) d) roughly agree with those measured, but better imaging is required for proper modelling and comparison. Lastly, we also discuss some lessons learnt from J0408-5354 on lensed quasar finding strategies, due to its chromaticity and morphology.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [3];  [6];  [5];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [2];  [12];  [13];  [4];  [14] more »;  [15];  [2];  [16];  [17];  [18];  [17];  [19];  [2];  [20];  [21];  [2];  [12];  [22];  [23];  [2];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [30];  [15];  [12];  [31];  [32];  [33];  [34];  [35];  [2];  [15];  [36];  [15];  [37];  [38];  [27];  [29];  [32];  [2];  [17];  [39];  [40];  [2];  [41];  [42];  [32];  [31];  [43];  [44];  [29];  [45];  [32];  [35];  [46];  [47];  [37];  [48];  [47];  [49];  [22];  [50];  [51];  [52];  [48];  [9];  [22] « less
  1. European Southern Observatory, Garching bei Munchen (Germany)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  4. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Versoix (Switzerland)
  5. Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  6. ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
  7. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA (United States); ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
  8. Academia Sinica, Taipai (Taiwan); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik, Garching (Germany)
  9. Univ. of Portsmouth, Portsmouth (United Kingdom)
  10. The Univ. of Tokyo, Chiba (Japan)
  11. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  12. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  13. Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  14. Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik, Garching (Germany)
  15. Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai, Barcelona (Spain)
  16. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  17. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  18. Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  19. Staples High School, Westport, CT (United States)
  20. ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Ministry of Education of Brazil (Brazil)
  21. MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  22. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, La Serena (Chile)
  23. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Rhodes Univ., Grahamstown (South Africa)
  24. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Paris (France); Sorbonne Univ. Paris (France)
  25. Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, Paris (France); Sorbonne Univ. Paris (France)
  26. Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom)
  27. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  28. Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Observatorio Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  29. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States); National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Urbana, IL (United States)
  30. Univ. Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain)
  31. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  32. Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Observatorio Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  33. IIT Hyderabad, Telangana (India)
  34. Excellence Cluster Universe, Garching (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians Univ., Munich (Germany)
  35. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  36. Univ. Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid (Spain)
  37. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  38. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  39. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, La Serena (Chile); Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  40. Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, NSW (Australia)
  41. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  42. Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Univ. de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  43. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  44. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
  45. Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona (Spain); The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology Campus UAB, Barcelona (Spain)
  46. Univ. of Sussex, Brighton (United Kingdom)
  47. Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid (Spain)
  48. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  49. Univ. of Southampton, Southampton (United Kingdom)
  50. Lab. Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Univ. Federal do ABC, Santo Andre (Brazil)
  51. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  52. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1409245
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1346360; OSTI ID: 1418009
Report Number(s):
[FERMILAB-PUB-17-038-AE; arXiv:1702.00406]
[Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 105760; TRN: US1703190]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-00OR22725; AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76SF00515]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 472; Journal Issue: 4]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational lensing: strong; methods: statistical; astronomical data bases: catalogs; techniques: image processing

Citation Formats

Agnello, A., Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, L., Treu, T., Bonvin, V., Courbin, F., Lemon, C., Morishita, T., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Birrer, S., Chan, J., Collett, T., More, A., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., McMahon, R. G., Meylan, G., Suyu, S. H., Castander, F., Finley, D., Howell, A., Kochanek, C., Makler, M., Martini, P., Morgan, N., Nord, B., Ostrovski, F., Schechter, P., Tucker, D., Wechsler, R., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gill, M. S., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408-5354. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2242.
Agnello, A., Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, L., Treu, T., Bonvin, V., Courbin, F., Lemon, C., Morishita, T., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Birrer, S., Chan, J., Collett, T., More, A., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., McMahon, R. G., Meylan, G., Suyu, S. H., Castander, F., Finley, D., Howell, A., Kochanek, C., Makler, M., Martini, P., Morgan, N., Nord, B., Ostrovski, F., Schechter, P., Tucker, D., Wechsler, R., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gill, M. S., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., & Walker, A. R. Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408-5354. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2242.
Agnello, A., Lin, H., Buckley-Geer, L., Treu, T., Bonvin, V., Courbin, F., Lemon, C., Morishita, T., Amara, A., Auger, M. W., Birrer, S., Chan, J., Collett, T., More, A., Fassnacht, C. D., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., McMahon, R. G., Meylan, G., Suyu, S. H., Castander, F., Finley, D., Howell, A., Kochanek, C., Makler, M., Martini, P., Morgan, N., Nord, B., Ostrovski, F., Schechter, P., Tucker, D., Wechsler, R., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Rosell, A. Carnero, Kind, M. Carrasco, Carretero, J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Desai, S., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gill, M. S., Goldstein, D. A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Sanchez, E., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Smith, R. C., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., and Walker, A. R. Thu . "Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408-5354". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2242. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409245.
@article{osti_1409245,
title = {Models of the strongly lensed quasar DES J0408-5354},
author = {Agnello, A. and Lin, H. and Buckley-Geer, L. and Treu, T. and Bonvin, V. and Courbin, F. and Lemon, C. and Morishita, T. and Amara, A. and Auger, M. W. and Birrer, S. and Chan, J. and Collett, T. and More, A. and Fassnacht, C. D. and Frieman, J. and Marshall, P. J. and McMahon, R. G. and Meylan, G. and Suyu, S. H. and Castander, F. and Finley, D. and Howell, A. and Kochanek, C. and Makler, M. and Martini, P. and Morgan, N. and Nord, B. and Ostrovski, F. and Schechter, P. and Tucker, D. and Wechsler, R. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Burke, D. L. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Kind, M. Carrasco and Carretero, J. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and Desai, S. and Dietrich, J. P. and Eifler, T. F. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gill, M. S. and Goldstein, D. A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Sanchez, E. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Smith, R. C. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Walker, A. R.},
abstractNote = {We present detailed modelling of the recently discovered, quadruply lensed quasar J0408-5354, with the aim of interpreting its remarkable configuration: besides three quasar images (A,B,D) around the main deflector (G1), a fourth image (C) is significantly reddened and dimmed by a perturber (G2) which is not detected in the Dark Energy Survey imaging data. From lens models incorporating (dust-corrected) flux ratios, we find a perturber Einstein radius 0.04 arcsec ≲ RE, G2 ≲ 0.2 arcsec and enclosed mass Mp(RE, G2) ≲ 1.0 × 1010 M⊙. The main deflector has stellar mass log10 (M*/M⊙) =11.49$+0.46\atop{-0.32}$ log10 (M*/M⊙)=11.49-0.32+0.46 , a projected mass Mp(RE, G1) ≈ 6 × 1011 M⊙ within its Einstein radius RE, G1 = (1.85 ± 0.15) arcsec and predicted velocity dispersion 267–280 km s-1. Follow-up images from a companion monitoring campaign show additional components, including a candidate second source at a redshift between the quasar and G1. Models with free perturbers, and dust-corrected and delay-corrected flux ratios, are also explored. The predicted time-delays (ΔtAB = (135.0 ± 12.6) d, ΔtBD = (21.0 ± 3.5) d) roughly agree with those measured, but better imaging is required for proper modelling and comparison. Lastly, we also discuss some lessons learnt from J0408-5354 on lensed quasar finding strategies, due to its chromaticity and morphology.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stx2242},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [4],
volume = [472],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Another possible case of a gravitational lens
journal, August 1981

  • Paczynski, B.; Gorski, K.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 248
  • DOI: 10.1086/183634

Detection of substructure with adaptive optics integral field spectroscopy of the gravitational lens B1422+231
journal, June 2014

  • Nierenberg, A. M.; Treu, T.; Wright, S. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 442, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu862

Strong Lensing by Galaxies
journal, August 2010


The Sloan lens acs Survey. ix. Colors, Lensing, and Stellar Masses of Early-Type Galaxies
journal, October 2009


Qualitative Theory for Lensed QSOs
journal, June 2003

  • Saha, Prasenjit; Williams, Liliya L. R.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 125, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1086/375204

Data mining for gravitationally lensed quasars
journal, February 2015

  • Agnello, Adriano; Kelly, Brandon C.; Treu, Tommaso
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 448, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv037

The stellar and dark matter distributions in elliptical galaxies from the ensemble of strong gravitational lenses
journal, February 2014

  • Oguri, Masamune; Rusu, Cristian E.; Falco, Emilio E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu106

VDES J2325−5229 a z = 2.7 gravitationally lensed quasar discovered using morphology-independent supervised machine learning
journal, November 2016

  • Ostrovski, Fernanda; McMahon, Richard G.; Connolly, Andrew J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2958

Analytic Cross Sections for Substructure Lensing
journal, February 2003

  • Keeton, Charles R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 584, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/345717

Direct Detection of Cold Dark Matter Substructure
journal, June 2002

  • Dalal, N.; Kochanek, C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 572, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/340303

AN ULTRA-DEEP NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRUM OF A COMPACT QUIESCENT GALAXY AT z = 2.2
journal, July 2009


Quasar lenses and galactic streams: outlier selection and Gaia multiplet detection
journal, July 2017

  • Agnello, Adriano
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 471, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1650

Multiple-images in the cluster lens Abell 2218: Constraining the geometry of the Universe?
journal, March 2004


Spectroscopy and high-resolution imaging of the gravitational lens SDSS J1206+4332
journal, March 2016

  • Agnello, Adriano; Sonnenfeld, Alessandro; Suyu, Sherry H.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw529

Quasar Microlensing at High Magnification and the Role of Dark Matter: Enhanced Fluctuations and Suppressed Saddle Points
journal, December 2002

  • Schechter, Paul L.; Wambsganss, Joachim
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 580, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/343856

Population mixtures and searches of lensed and extended quasars across photometric surveys
journal, December 2016

  • Williams, Peter; Agnello, Adriano; Treu, Tommaso
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 466, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3239

Discovery of two gravitationally lensed quasars in the Dark Energy Survey
journal, October 2015

  • Agnello, A.; Treu, T.; Ostrovski, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2171

Chitah: STRONG-GRAVITATIONAL-LENS HUNTER IN IMAGING SURVEYS
journal, July 2015


Adaptive optics observations of the gravitationally lensed quasar SDSS J1405+0959★
journal, September 2014

  • Rusu, Cristian E.; Oguri, Masamune; Minowa, Yosuke
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 444, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1621

The Initial mass Function of Early-Type Galaxies
journal, January 2010


Discs in early-type lensing galaxies: effects on magnification ratios and measurements of H 0
journal, October 2003


Probing the Dust‐to‐Gas Ratio of z > 0 Galaxies through Gravitational Lenses
journal, January 2006

  • Dai, Xinyu; Kochanek, Christopher S.; Chartas, George
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 637, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/498299

Simulating wide-field quasar surveys from the optical to near-infrared
journal, April 2006


The dark Energy Camera
journal, October 2015


The role of luminous substructure in the gravitational lens system MG 2016+112
journal, March 2009


H0LiCOW. VI. Testing the fidelity of lensed quasar host galaxy reconstruction
journal, November 2016

  • Ding, Xuheng; Liao, Kai; Treu, Tommaso
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3078

The Quadruple Gravitational Lens PG 1115+080: Time Delays and Models
journal, February 1997

  • Schechter, Paul L.; Bailyn, Charles D.; Barr, Robert
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 475, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/310478

The KX method for producing K-band flux-limited samples of quasars
journal, March 2000


“Refsdal” Meets Popper: Comparing Predictions of the Re-Appearance of the Multiply Imaged Supernova Behind Macsj1149.5+2223
journal, January 2016


Constraining the dark energy equation of state with double-source plane strong lenses: Constraining wDE with compound lenses
journal, July 2012


On the Possibility of Determining Hubble's Parameter and the Masses of Galaxies from the Gravitational Lens Effect
journal, September 1964


The large area KX quasar catalogue - I. Analysis of the photometric redshift selection and the complete quasar catalogue: The large area KX quasar catalogue
journal, July 2012


Gravitational detection of a low-mass dark satellite galaxy at cosmological distance
journal, January 2012

  • Vegetti, S.; Lagattuta, D. J.; McKean, J. P.
  • Nature, Vol. 481, Issue 7381
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10669

Dissecting the Gravitational lens B1608+656. i. lens Potential Reconstruction
journal, January 2009


Deconvolution with Correct Sampling
journal, February 1998

  • Magain, P.; Courbin, F.; Sohy, S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 494, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/305187

SDSS J131339.98+515128.3: a new gravitationally lensed quasar selected based on near-infrared excess
journal, November 2007


Time delay cosmography
journal, July 2016


The First Precise Determination of an Optical–Far‐Ultraviolet Extinction Curve Beyond the Local Group ( \documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \usepackage[OT2,OT1]{fontenc} \newcommand\cyr{ \renewcommand\rmdefault{wncyr} \renewcommand\sfdefault{wncyss} \renewcommand\encodingdefault{OT2} \normalfont \selectfont} \DeclareTextFontCommand{\textcyr}{\cyr} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} \landscape $z=0.83$ \end{document} )
journal, February 2005

  • Mediavilla, E.; Munoz, J. A.; Kochanek, C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 619, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/426579

Quasar Classification Using Color and Variability
journal, September 2015

  • Peters, Christina M.; Richards, Gordon T.; Myers, Adam D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 811, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/95

The Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (Wise): Mission Description and Initial On-Orbit Performance
journal, November 2010


The relationship between infrared, optical, and ultraviolet extinction
journal, October 1989

  • Cardelli, Jason A.; Clayton, Geoffrey C.; Mathis, John S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 345
  • DOI: 10.1086/167900

SHARP – II. Mass structure in strong lenses is not necessarily dark matter substructure: a flux ratio anomaly from an edge-on disc in B1555+375
journal, July 2016

  • Hsueh, J. -W.; Fassnacht, C. D.; Vegetti, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 463, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slw146

A new quadruple gravitational lens from the Hyper Suprime-Cam Survey: the puzzle of HSC J115252+004733
journal, November 2016

  • More, Anupreeta; Lee, Chien-Hsiu; Oguri, Masamune
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2924

H0LiCOW – I. H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL's Wellspring: program overview
journal, February 2017

  • Suyu, S. H.; Bonvin, V.; Courbin, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 468, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx483

The Mass Distribution of SDSS J1004$+$4112 Revisited
journal, August 2010

  • Oguri, Masamune
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 62, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/pasj/62.4.1017

1608+656: A Gravitationally Lensed PostStarburst Radio Galaxy
journal, April 1996

  • Fassnacht,, C. D.; Womble,, D. S.; Neugebauer,, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 460, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/309984

Time-delay cosmography: increased leverage with angular diameter distances
journal, April 2016


1608+656: A Quadruple-Lens System Found in the CLASS Gravitational Lens Survey
journal, July 1995

  • Myers, S. T.; Fassnacht, C. D.; Djorgovski, S. G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 447, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/309556

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Cosmological Distance Indicators
    journal, July 2018

    • Suyu, Sherry H.; Chang, Tzu-Ching; Courbin, Frédéric
    • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 214, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-018-0524-3