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Title: Systematic Investigation of the Alucone-Coating Enhancement on Silicon Anodes

Abstract

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is the most popular binder in commercial lithium-ion batteries but is incompatible with a silicon (Si) anode because it fails to maintain the mechanical integrity of the Si electrode upon cycling. Here in this paper, an alucone coating synthesized by molecular layer deposition has been applied on the laminated electrode fabricated with PVDF to systematically study the sole impact of the surface modification on the electrochemical and mechanical properties of the Si electrode, without the interference of other functional polymer binders. The enhanced mechanical properties of the coated electrodes, confirmed by mechanical characterization, can help accommodate the repeated volume fluctuations, preserve the electrode structure during electrochemical reactions, and thereby, leading to a remarkable improvement of the electrochemical performance. Owing to the alucone coating, the Si electrodes achieve highly reversible cycling performance with a specific capacity of 1490 mA h g-1 (0.90 mA h cm-2) as compared to 550 mA h g-1 (0.19 mA h cm-2) observed in the uncoated Si electrode. This research elucidates the important role of surface modification in stabilizing the cycling performance and enabling a high level of material utilization at high mass loading. It also provides insights for the future development of Simore » anodes.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  4. ALD NanoSolution, Broomfield, CO (United States)
  5. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Materials Science
  6. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1409165
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-68672
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; energy storage; lithium-ion batteries; molecular layer deposition; polyvinylidene fluoride binder; silicon-based anodes

Citation Formats

Son, Seoung-Bum, Wang, Yikai, Xu, Jiagang, Li, Xuemin, Groner, Markus, Stokes, Adam, Yang, Yongan, Cheng, Yang-Tse, and Ban, Chunmei. Systematic Investigation of the Alucone-Coating Enhancement on Silicon Anodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b08960.
Son, Seoung-Bum, Wang, Yikai, Xu, Jiagang, Li, Xuemin, Groner, Markus, Stokes, Adam, Yang, Yongan, Cheng, Yang-Tse, & Ban, Chunmei. Systematic Investigation of the Alucone-Coating Enhancement on Silicon Anodes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08960
Son, Seoung-Bum, Wang, Yikai, Xu, Jiagang, Li, Xuemin, Groner, Markus, Stokes, Adam, Yang, Yongan, Cheng, Yang-Tse, and Ban, Chunmei. Tue . "Systematic Investigation of the Alucone-Coating Enhancement on Silicon Anodes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08960. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409165.
@article{osti_1409165,
title = {Systematic Investigation of the Alucone-Coating Enhancement on Silicon Anodes},
author = {Son, Seoung-Bum and Wang, Yikai and Xu, Jiagang and Li, Xuemin and Groner, Markus and Stokes, Adam and Yang, Yongan and Cheng, Yang-Tse and Ban, Chunmei},
abstractNote = {Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is the most popular binder in commercial lithium-ion batteries but is incompatible with a silicon (Si) anode because it fails to maintain the mechanical integrity of the Si electrode upon cycling. Here in this paper, an alucone coating synthesized by molecular layer deposition has been applied on the laminated electrode fabricated with PVDF to systematically study the sole impact of the surface modification on the electrochemical and mechanical properties of the Si electrode, without the interference of other functional polymer binders. The enhanced mechanical properties of the coated electrodes, confirmed by mechanical characterization, can help accommodate the repeated volume fluctuations, preserve the electrode structure during electrochemical reactions, and thereby, leading to a remarkable improvement of the electrochemical performance. Owing to the alucone coating, the Si electrodes achieve highly reversible cycling performance with a specific capacity of 1490 mA h g-1 (0.90 mA h cm-2) as compared to 550 mA h g-1 (0.19 mA h cm-2) observed in the uncoated Si electrode. This research elucidates the important role of surface modification in stabilizing the cycling performance and enabling a high level of material utilization at high mass loading. It also provides insights for the future development of Si anodes.},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.7b08960},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = 46,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Interfacially Induced Cascading Failure in Graphite‐Silicon Composite Anodes
journal, December 2018