skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Facile and template-free method toward chemical synthesis of polyaniline film/nanotube structures

Abstract

Here, a facile and template-free method is reported to synthesize a new thin film structure: polyaniline (PANI) film/nanotubes (F/N) structure. The PANI F/N is a 100-nm thick PANI film embedded with PANI nanotubes. This well-controlled method requires no surfactant or organic acid as well as relatively low concentration of reagents. Synthesis condition studies reveal that aniline oligomers with certain structures are responsible for guiding the growth of the nanotubes. Electrical characterization also indicates that the PANI F/N possesses similar field-effect transistor characteristics to bare PANI film. With its 20% increased surface-area-to-volume (S/V) ratio contributed by surface embedded nanotubes and the excellent p-type semiconducting characteristic, PANI F/N shows clear superiority compared with bare PANI film. Such advantages guarantee the PANI F/N a promising future toward the development of ultra-high sensitivity and low-cost biosensors.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Chonbuk National Univ., Jeonju (Korea)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1409083
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 0887-624X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; biomaterials; chemical synthesis; conjugated polymers; field-effect transistors; film/nanotubes; nanotube; polyaniline; sensors

Citation Formats

Liu, Pei, Zhu, Yisi, Torres, Jorge, Lee, Seung Hee, and Yun, Minhee. Facile and template-free method toward chemical synthesis of polyaniline film/nanotube structures. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/pola.28749.
Liu, Pei, Zhu, Yisi, Torres, Jorge, Lee, Seung Hee, & Yun, Minhee. Facile and template-free method toward chemical synthesis of polyaniline film/nanotube structures. United States. doi:10.1002/pola.28749.
Liu, Pei, Zhu, Yisi, Torres, Jorge, Lee, Seung Hee, and Yun, Minhee. Tue . "Facile and template-free method toward chemical synthesis of polyaniline film/nanotube structures". United States. doi:10.1002/pola.28749. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409083.
@article{osti_1409083,
title = {Facile and template-free method toward chemical synthesis of polyaniline film/nanotube structures},
author = {Liu, Pei and Zhu, Yisi and Torres, Jorge and Lee, Seung Hee and Yun, Minhee},
abstractNote = {Here, a facile and template-free method is reported to synthesize a new thin film structure: polyaniline (PANI) film/nanotubes (F/N) structure. The PANI F/N is a 100-nm thick PANI film embedded with PANI nanotubes. This well-controlled method requires no surfactant or organic acid as well as relatively low concentration of reagents. Synthesis condition studies reveal that aniline oligomers with certain structures are responsible for guiding the growth of the nanotubes. Electrical characterization also indicates that the PANI F/N possesses similar field-effect transistor characteristics to bare PANI film. With its 20% increased surface-area-to-volume (S/V) ratio contributed by surface embedded nanotubes and the excellent p-type semiconducting characteristic, PANI F/N shows clear superiority compared with bare PANI film. Such advantages guarantee the PANI F/N a promising future toward the development of ultra-high sensitivity and low-cost biosensors.},
doi = {10.1002/pola.28749},
journal = {Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry},
number = 24,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Nanostructured Aniline Oxidation Products: Self-Assembled Films at the Air/Liquid Interface
journal, June 2011

  • Zujovic, Zoran D.; Metson, James B.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 27, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/la102684d

Immobilization of Antibodies on Polyaniline Films and Its Application in a Piezoelectric Immunosensor
journal, December 2006

  • Sai, V. V. R.; Mahajan, Sumeet; Contractor, Aliasgar Q.
  • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 78, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/ac060120a

Polyaniline nanostructures and the role of aniline oligomers in their formation
journal, December 2010


Polyaniline Nanofibers:  Facile Synthesis and Chemical Sensors
journal, January 2003

  • Huang, Jiaxing; Virji, Shabnam; Weiller, Bruce H.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 125, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja028371y

Electrolyte-Gated Transistors Based on Conducting Polymer Nanowire Junction Arrays
journal, July 2005

  • Alam, Maksudul M.; Wang, Jun; Guo, Yaoyao
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp050903k

Beyond the metal-insulator transition in polymer electrolyte gated polymer field-effect transistors
journal, July 2006

  • Dhoot, A. S.; Yuen, J. D.; Heeney, M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0605033103

Template-Synthesized Polyaniline Microtubules
journal, October 1994

  • Parthasarathy, Ranjani V.; Martin, Charles R.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm00046a011

High yield two-dimensional (2-D) polyaniline layer and its application in detection of B-type natriuretic peptide in human serum
journal, July 2016


Evolution of Polyaniline Nanotubes:  The Oxidation of Aniline in Water
journal, May 2006

  • Trchová, Miroslava; Šeděnková, Ivana; Konyushenko, Elena N.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp057528g

Polymer Nanofibers and Nanotubes: Charge Transport and Device Applications
journal, January 2006


Hierarchical Nanocomposites of Polyaniline Nanowire Arrays on Graphene Oxide Sheets with Synergistic Effect for Energy Storage
journal, August 2010

  • Xu, Jingjing; Wang, Kai; Zu, Sheng-Zhen
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 9, p. 5019-5026
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn1006539

The azanes: A class of material incorporating nano/micro self-assembled hollow spheres obtained by aqueous oxidative polymerization of aniline
journal, March 2006


Polyaniline nanofibers: chemical synthesis using surfactants
journal, January 2004

  • Zhang, Xinyu; Manohar, Sanjeev K.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/b409309g

The mechanism of HF/H[sub 2]O chemical etching of SiO[sub 2]
journal, January 2002

  • Kang, Jeung Ku; Musgrave, Charles B.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1420729

Two-dimensional polyaniline nanostructure to the development of microfluidic integrated flexible biosensors for biomarker detection
journal, December 2016


Conducting Polyaniline Nanotubes by Template-Free Polymerization
journal, February 2001

  • Qiu, Hongjin; Wan, Meixiang; Matthews, Barry
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma001525e

In situ polymerized polyaniline films: The top and the bottom
journal, December 2012


Growth and alignment of polyaniline nanofibres with superhydrophobic, superhydrophilic and other properties
journal, May 2007

  • Chiou, Nan-Rong; Lu, Chunmeng; Guan, Jingjiao
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2007.147

The role of acidity profile in the nanotubular growth of polyaniline
journal, January 2010

  • Konyushenko, Elena; Trchová, Miroslava; Stejskal, Jaroslav
  • Chemical Papers, Vol. 64, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2478/s11696-009-0101-z

Size matters: why nanomaterials are different
journal, January 2006

  • Roduner, Emil
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 35, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/b502142c

Raman spectroscopy of polyaniline and oligoaniline thin films
journal, March 2014


Radiolytic Synthesis of Polyaniline Nanofibers:  A New Templateless Pathway
journal, January 2005

  • Pillalamarri, Sunil K.; Blum, Frank D.; Tokuhiro, Akira T.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm0488478

Formation Mechanism of Polyaniline Nanotubes by a Simplified Template-Free Method
journal, April 2008

  • Ding, Hangjun; Shen, Jiaoyan; Wan, Meixiang
  • Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 209, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/macp.200700624

Structure and stability of thin polyaniline films deposited in situ on silicon and gold during precipitation and dispersion polymerization of aniline hydrochloride
journal, July 2011

  • Rozlívková, Zuzana; Trchová, Miroslava; Šeděnková, Ivana
  • Thin Solid Films, Vol. 519, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2011.03.025

The genesis of polyaniline nanotubes
journal, November 2006