skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: First determination of ground state electromagnetic moments of Fe 53

Abstract

Here, the hyperfine coupling constants of neutron deficient 53Fe were deduced from the atomic hyperfine spectrum measured using the bunched-beam collinear laser spectroscopy technique. The low-energy 53Fe beam was produced by projectile-fragmentation reactions followed by gas stopping, and used for the first time for laser spectroscopy. Ground state magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole moments were determined as μ= –0.65(1)μ N and Q=+35(15)e 2fm 2, respectively. The multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method was used to calculate the electric field gradient to deduce Q from the quadrupole hyperfine coupling constant, since the quadrupole coupling constant has not been determined for any Fe isotopes. Both experimental values agree well with nuclear shell model calculations using the GXPF1A effective interaction performed in a full fp shell model space, which support the soft nature of the 56Ni nucleus.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [2];  [1];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [1]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  2. Technische Univ. Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)
  3. Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Univ. Jena, Jena (Germany)
  4. Augustana Uiv., Sioux Falls, SD (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  7. TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10); National Science Foundation (NSF); German Research Foundation (DFG); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1409068
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1409124; OSTI ID: 1421974; OSTI ID: 1490592
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002924; SC0013365; AC02-06CH11357; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; laser spectroscopy; electromagnetic moments

Citation Formats

Miller, A. J., Minamisono, K., Rossi, D. M., Beerwerth, R., Brown, B. A., Fritzsche, S., Garand, D., Klose, A., Liu, Y., MaaB, B., Mantica, P. F., Müller, P., Nörtershäuser, W., Pearson, M. R., and Sumithrarachchi, C. First determination of ground state electromagnetic moments of Fe53. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.054314.
Miller, A. J., Minamisono, K., Rossi, D. M., Beerwerth, R., Brown, B. A., Fritzsche, S., Garand, D., Klose, A., Liu, Y., MaaB, B., Mantica, P. F., Müller, P., Nörtershäuser, W., Pearson, M. R., & Sumithrarachchi, C. First determination of ground state electromagnetic moments of Fe53. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.054314.
Miller, A. J., Minamisono, K., Rossi, D. M., Beerwerth, R., Brown, B. A., Fritzsche, S., Garand, D., Klose, A., Liu, Y., MaaB, B., Mantica, P. F., Müller, P., Nörtershäuser, W., Pearson, M. R., and Sumithrarachchi, C. Thu . "First determination of ground state electromagnetic moments of Fe53". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.054314. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409068.
@article{osti_1409068,
title = {First determination of ground state electromagnetic moments of Fe53},
author = {Miller, A. J. and Minamisono, K. and Rossi, D. M. and Beerwerth, R. and Brown, B. A. and Fritzsche, S. and Garand, D. and Klose, A. and Liu, Y. and MaaB, B. and Mantica, P. F. and Müller, P. and Nörtershäuser, W. and Pearson, M. R. and Sumithrarachchi, C.},
abstractNote = {Here, the hyperfine coupling constants of neutron deficient 53Fe were deduced from the atomic hyperfine spectrum measured using the bunched-beam collinear laser spectroscopy technique. The low-energy 53Fe beam was produced by projectile-fragmentation reactions followed by gas stopping, and used for the first time for laser spectroscopy. Ground state magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole moments were determined as μ= –0.65(1)μN and Q=+35(15)e2fm2, respectively. The multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method was used to calculate the electric field gradient to deduce Q from the quadrupole hyperfine coupling constant, since the quadrupole coupling constant has not been determined for any Fe isotopes. Both experimental values agree well with nuclear shell model calculations using the GXPF1A effective interaction performed in a full fp shell model space, which support the soft nature of the 56Ni nucleus.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.96.054314},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 5,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: The BECOLA facility. Fe+ ions are sent to the RFQ cooler/buncher from either the PIG ion source or the online beam. Following the cooler/buncher, the ion beam is overlapped with the laser light, and sent through a charge-exchange cell (CEC) containing sodium vapor. The laser-resonant fluorescence from themore » neutral atoms is collected using an elliptical mirror and detected by a photomultiplier tube (PMT). The static potential applied to the RFQ cooler/buncher and the scanning potential applied to the CEC were recorded with high precision using two digital voltmeters (DVMs).« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Collinear laser spectroscopy on the ground state and an excited state in neutral 55 Mn
journal, October 2013


Magnetic Moments and β -Decay ft Values of Mirror Nuclei
journal, June 1969


On-Line Ion Cooling and Bunching for Collinear Laser Spectroscopy
journal, February 2002


Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372-nm resonance line
journal, December 2009


Unexpected doubly magic nucleus
journal, June 2009


Table of hyperfine anomaly in atomic systems
journal, January 2013


Correlations between magnetic moments and β decays of mirror nuclei
journal, June 2008


Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments
journal, May 2005


Effective interaction for pf -shell nuclei
journal, May 2002


Commissioning the A1900 projectile fragment separator
journal, May 2003

  • Morrissey, D. J.; Sherrill, B. M.; Steiner, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 204
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(02)01895-5

Nuclear magic numbers: New features far from stability
journal, October 2008


RFQ beam cooler and buncher for collinear laser spectroscopy of rare isotopes
journal, September 2017

  • Barquest, B. R.; Bollen, G.; Mantica, P. F.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 866
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.05.036

Commissioning of the collinear laser spectroscopy system in the BECOLA facility at NSCL
journal, May 2013

  • Minamisono, K.; Mantica, P. F.; Klose, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 709
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.01.038

Mass measurements in the vicinity of the doubly magic waiting point Ni 56
journal, September 2010


Tests of atomic charge-exchange cells for collinear laser spectroscopy
journal, June 2012

  • Klose, A.; Minamisono, K.; Geppert, Ch.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 678
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.03.006

Hyperfine Interactions and the Magnetic Fields Due to Core Polarization in Fe 57
journal, August 1966


Superallowed 0 + 0 + nuclear β decays: 2014 critical survey, with precise results for V u d and CKM unitarity
journal, February 2015


Magnetic Dipole Moment of Cu 57 , 59 Measured by In-Gas-Cell Laser Spectroscopy
journal, August 2009


New effective interaction for p f -shell nuclei and its implications for the stability of the N = Z = 28 closed core
journal, March 2004


Collinear laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE: new methods and highlights
journal, April 2017

  • Neugart, R.; Billowes, J.; Bissell, M. L.
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6471/aa6642

The development and status of the IGISOL technique
journal, April 1997

  • Dendooven, Peter
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 126, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(96)01010-5

Prediction and evaluation of magnetic moments in T = 1 / 2 , 3/2, and 5/2 mirror nuclei
journal, December 2016


Charge Radii of Neutron Deficient Fe 52 , 53 Produced by Projectile Fragmentation
journal, December 2016


Extraction of thermalized projectile fragments from a large volume gas cell
journal, November 2014

  • Cooper, K.; Sumithrarachchi, C. S.; Morrissey, D. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 763
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.06.075

Collapse of the N = 28 Shell Closure in S 42 i
journal, July 2007


The magnetic dipole moment of 55Co
journal, February 1973


The grasp2K relativistic atomic structure package
journal, October 2007


Empirically optimum M1 operator for sd-shell nuclei
journal, November 1987


Doubly-magic nature of Ni 56 : Measurement of the ground state nuclear magnetic dipole moment of Ni 55
journal, June 2009


Evidence for a new nuclear ‘magic number’ from the level structure of 54Ca
journal, October 2013


Nuclear Quadrupole Moments of Bismuth
journal, September 2001


Population distribution subsequent to charge exchange of 29.85 keV Ni+ on sodium vapor
journal, November 2015

  • Ryder, C. A.; Minamisono, K.; Asberry, H. B.
  • Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 113
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2015.08.004

A field programmable gate array-based time-resolved scaler for collinear laser spectroscopy with bunched radioactive potassium beams
journal, September 2014

  • Rossi, D. M.; Minamisono, K.; Barquest, B. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4895461

Measurement of the nuclear magnetic moments of Ni 57 and Fe 59
journal, August 1996


Shell-model description of neutron-rich pf-shell nuclei with a new effective interaction GXPF 1
journal, April 2005


Ab initio MCDHF calculations of electron–nucleus interactions
journal, April 2015


Not-so-magic numbers
journal, July 2004


Laser Spectroscopy of Cooled Zirconium Fission Fragments
journal, August 2002


A simple asymmetric lineshape for fitting infrared absorption spectra
journal, May 2008


Lifetimes, transition probabilities, and level energies in Fe i
journal, January 1991

  • O’Brian, T. R.; Whaling, W.; Brault, J. W.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.8.001185

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.