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Title: Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations

Abstract

To achieve a successful increase in the plug-in battery electric vehicle (BEV) market, it is anticipated that a significant improvement in battery performance is required to improve the range that BEVs can travel and the rate at which they can be recharged. While the range that BEVs can travel on a single recharge is improving, the recharging rate is still much slower than the refueling rate of conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. To achieve comparable recharge times, we explore the vehicle considerations of charge rates of at least 400 kW. Faster recharge is expected to significantly mitigate the perceived deficiencies for long-distance transportation, to provide alternative charging in densely populated areas where overnight charging at home may not be possible, and to reduce range anxiety for travel within a city when unplanned charging may be required. This substantial increase in charging rate is expected to create technical issues in the design of the battery system and vehicle’s electrical architecture that must be resolved. This work focuses on battery system thermal design and total recharge time to meet the goals of implementing higher charge rates and the impacts of the expected increase in system voltage on the components of the vehicle.

Authors:
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  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1408687
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402681; OSTI ID: 1418663; OSTI ID: 1496296
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-68176; INL/JOU-17-42221
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC07-05ID14517; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; direct current fast charging; dcfc; battery electric vehicles; bev; extreme fast charging; xfc; long-distance travel; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; ELECTRIC VEHICLE; FAST CHARGING; Direct current fast charging (DCFC); battery electric vehicles (BEV); extreme fast charging (XFC); power electronics

Citation Formats

Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, and Tanim, Tanvir. Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093.
Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, & Tanim, Tanvir. Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093
Meintz, Andrew, Zhang, Jiucai, Vijayagopal, Ram, Kreutzer, Cory, Ahmed, Shabbir, Bloom, Ira, Burnham, Andrew, Carlson, Richard B., Dias, Fernando, Dufek, Eric J., Francfort, James, Hardy, Keith, Jansen, Andrew N., Keyser, Matthew, Markel, Anthony, Michelbacher, Christopher, Mohanpurkar, Manish, Pesaran, Ahmad, Scoffield, Don, Shirk, Matthew, Stephens, Thomas, and Tanim, Tanvir. Wed . "Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1408687.
@article{osti_1408687,
title = {Enabling fast charging – Vehicle considerations},
author = {Meintz, Andrew and Zhang, Jiucai and Vijayagopal, Ram and Kreutzer, Cory and Ahmed, Shabbir and Bloom, Ira and Burnham, Andrew and Carlson, Richard B. and Dias, Fernando and Dufek, Eric J. and Francfort, James and Hardy, Keith and Jansen, Andrew N. and Keyser, Matthew and Markel, Anthony and Michelbacher, Christopher and Mohanpurkar, Manish and Pesaran, Ahmad and Scoffield, Don and Shirk, Matthew and Stephens, Thomas and Tanim, Tanvir},
abstractNote = {To achieve a successful increase in the plug-in battery electric vehicle (BEV) market, it is anticipated that a significant improvement in battery performance is required to improve the range that BEVs can travel and the rate at which they can be recharged. While the range that BEVs can travel on a single recharge is improving, the recharging rate is still much slower than the refueling rate of conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. To achieve comparable recharge times, we explore the vehicle considerations of charge rates of at least 400 kW. Faster recharge is expected to significantly mitigate the perceived deficiencies for long-distance transportation, to provide alternative charging in densely populated areas where overnight charging at home may not be possible, and to reduce range anxiety for travel within a city when unplanned charging may be required. This substantial increase in charging rate is expected to create technical issues in the design of the battery system and vehicle’s electrical architecture that must be resolved. This work focuses on battery system thermal design and total recharge time to meet the goals of implementing higher charge rates and the impacts of the expected increase in system voltage on the components of the vehicle.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.093},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 13 works
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