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Title: The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [5];  [2];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13] more »;  [14];  [6];  [9];  [9];  [14];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [7];  [9];  [18];  [19] « less
  1. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  2. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA (United States)
  5. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  6. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  7. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  8. Syracuse Univ., Syracuse, NY (United States)
  9. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  10. The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  11. Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  12. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  13. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  14. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  15. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  16. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  17. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States); The Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  18. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  19. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1408213
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1417823; OSTI ID: 1421832
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1710.05454; FERMILAB-PUB-17-497-A-AE-CD; LA-UR-17-28895
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213; 1630794; TRN: US1702933
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC52-06NA25396; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 848; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; binaries: close; nuclear reactions; nucleosynthesis; abundances; stars: neutron

Citation Formats

Chornock, R., Berger, E., Kasen, D., Cowperthwaite, P. S., Nicholl, M., Villar, V. A., Alexander, K. D., Blanchard, P. K., Eftekhari, T., Fong, W., Margutti, R., Williams, P. K. G., Annis, J., Brout, D., Brown, D. A., Chen, H. -Y., Drout, M. R., Farr, B., Foley, R. J., Frieman, J. A., Fryer, C. L., Herner, K., Holz, D. E., Kessler, R., Matheson, T., Metzger, B. D., Quataert, E., Rest, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D. M., Smith, N., and Soares-Santos, M.. The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa905c.
Chornock, R., Berger, E., Kasen, D., Cowperthwaite, P. S., Nicholl, M., Villar, V. A., Alexander, K. D., Blanchard, P. K., Eftekhari, T., Fong, W., Margutti, R., Williams, P. K. G., Annis, J., Brout, D., Brown, D. A., Chen, H. -Y., Drout, M. R., Farr, B., Foley, R. J., Frieman, J. A., Fryer, C. L., Herner, K., Holz, D. E., Kessler, R., Matheson, T., Metzger, B. D., Quataert, E., Rest, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D. M., Smith, N., & Soares-Santos, M.. The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa905c
Chornock, R., Berger, E., Kasen, D., Cowperthwaite, P. S., Nicholl, M., Villar, V. A., Alexander, K. D., Blanchard, P. K., Eftekhari, T., Fong, W., Margutti, R., Williams, P. K. G., Annis, J., Brout, D., Brown, D. A., Chen, H. -Y., Drout, M. R., Farr, B., Foley, R. J., Frieman, J. A., Fryer, C. L., Herner, K., Holz, D. E., Kessler, R., Matheson, T., Metzger, B. D., Quataert, E., Rest, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D. M., Smith, N., and Soares-Santos, M.. Mon . "The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa905c. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1408213.
@article{osti_1408213,
title = {The Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Binary Neutron Star Merger LIGO/Virgo GW170817. IV. Detection of Near-infrared Signatures of r-process Nucleosynthesis with Gemini-South},
author = {Chornock, R. and Berger, E. and Kasen, D. and Cowperthwaite, P. S. and Nicholl, M. and Villar, V. A. and Alexander, K. D. and Blanchard, P. K. and Eftekhari, T. and Fong, W. and Margutti, R. and Williams, P. K. G. and Annis, J. and Brout, D. and Brown, D. A. and Chen, H. -Y. and Drout, M. R. and Farr, B. and Foley, R. J. and Frieman, J. A. and Fryer, C. L. and Herner, K. and Holz, D. E. and Kessler, R. and Matheson, T. and Metzger, B. D. and Quataert, E. and Rest, A. and Sako, M. and Scolnic, D. M. and Smith, N. and Soares-Santos, M.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa905c},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 848,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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    journal, February 2019

    • Gaigalas, Gediminas; Kato, Daiji; Rynkun, Pavel
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 240, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aaf9b8

    Constraining the Maximum Mass of Neutron Stars from Multi-messenger Observations of GW170817
    journal, November 2017


    AT 2017gfo: An Anisotropic and Three-component Kilonova Counterpart of GW170817
    journal, November 2017

    • Perego, Albino; Radice, David; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 850, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9ab9

    Improved Constraints on H 0 from a Combined Analysis of Gravitational-wave and Electromagnetic Emission from GW170817
    journal, December 2017


    GW170817: Joint Constraint on the Neutron Star Equation of State from Multimessenger Observations
    journal, January 2018

    • Radice, David; Perego, Albino; Zappa, Francesco
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 852, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaa402

    The r -process Pattern of a Bright, Highly r -process-enhanced Metal-poor Halo Star at [Fe/H] ∼ −2
    journal, February 2018

    • Sakari, Charli M.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Hansen, Terese
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 854, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaa9b4

    A Precise Distance to the Host Galaxy of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 Using Surface Brightness Fluctuations
    journal, February 2018

    • Cantiello, Michele; Jensen, J. B.; Blakeslee, J. P.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 854, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaad64

    The Binary Neutron Star Event LIGO/Virgo GW170817 160 Days after Merger: Synchrotron Emission across the Electromagnetic Spectrum
    journal, March 2018


    An Upper Limit on the Linear Polarization Fraction of the GW170817 Radio Continuum
    journal, July 2018

    • Corsi, Alessandra; Hallinan, Gregg W.; Lazzati, Davide
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 861, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aacdfd

    Spitzer Space Telescope Infrared Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817
    journal, July 2018

    • Villar, V. A.; Cowperthwaite, P. S.; Berger, E.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 862, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aad281

    GROWTH on S190426c: Real-time Search for a Counterpart to the Probable Neutron Star–Black Hole Merger using an Automated Difference Imaging Pipeline for DECam
    journal, August 2019

    • Goldstein, Daniel A.; Andreoni, Igor; Nugent, Peter E.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 881, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3046

    Spiral-wave Wind for the Blue Kilonova
    journal, November 2019

    • Nedora, Vsevolod; Bernuzzi, Sebastiano; Radice, David
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 886, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab5794

    Observations of GW170817 by DESGW and the DECam GW-EM Collaboration
    journal, October 2017


    The X-ray counterpart to the gravitational-wave event GW170817
    journal, October 2017


    The first direct double neutron star merger detection: Implications for cosmic nucleosynthesis
    journal, July 2018


    Evidence for ≳4 Gyr timescales of neutron star mergers from Galactic archaeology
    journal, January 2020


    Merging strangeon stars
    journal, February 2018

    • Lai, Xiao-Yu; Yu, Yun-Wei; Zhou, En-Ping
    • Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 18, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/1674-4527/18/2/24

    Merging black holes in young star clusters
    journal, May 2019

    • Di Carlo, Ugo N.; Giacobbo, Nicola; Mapelli, Michela
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1453

    The role of magnetic field geometry in the evolution of neutron star merger accretion discs
    journal, September 2019

    • Christie, I. M.; Lalakos, A.; Tchekhovskoy, A.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 490, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2552

    A luminosity distribution for kilonovae based on short gamma-ray burst afterglows
    journal, March 2019

    • Ascenzi, Stefano; Coughlin, Michael W.; Dietrich, Tim
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 486, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz891

    Distinguishing the nature of comparable-mass neutron star binary systems with multimessenger observations: GW170817 case study
    journal, September 2019


    Jet launching from binary black hole-neutron star mergers: Dependence on black hole spin, binary mass ratio, and magnetic field orientation
    journal, December 2018


    Gravitational waveforms from spectral Einstein code simulations: Neutron star-neutron star and low-mass black hole-neutron star binaries
    journal, February 2019


    Neutron Skins and Neutron Stars in the Multimessenger Era
    journal, April 2018


    Multimessenger parameter estimation of GW170817
    journal, April 2019


    GW170817 --the first observed neutron star merger and its kilonova: Implications for the astrophysical site of the r-process
    journal, November 2019


    Evidence for Cocoon Emission from the Early Light Curve of SSS17a
    journal, March 2018


    A Long-lived Remnant Neutron Star after GW170817 Inferred from Its Associated Kilonova
    journal, July 2018


    New Thermonuclear 10 B( α , p ) 13 C Rate and Its Astrophysical Implication in the νp -process
    journal, November 2018


    The R -Process Alliance: First Release from the Northern Search for r -process-enhanced Metal-poor Stars in the Galactic Halo
    journal, November 2018

    • Sakari, Charli M.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Farrell, Elizabeth M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 868, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae9df

    LSST Target-of-opportunity Observations of Gravitational-wave Events: Essential and Efficient
    journal, March 2019

    • Cowperthwaite, P. S.; Villar, V. A.; Scolnic, D. M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 874, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab07b6

    Enrichment of Strontium in Dwarf Galaxies
    journal, October 2019

    • Hirai, Yutaka; Wanajo, Shinya; Saitoh, Takayuki R.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 885, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab4654

    Estimating the Contribution of Dynamical Ejecta in the Kilonova Associated with GW170817
    journal, December 2017


    Observational Implications of Lowering the LIGO-Virgo Alert Threshold
    journal, July 2018

    • Lynch, Ryan; Coughlin, Michael; Vitale, Salvatore
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 861, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aacf9f

    Radiative Transfer Simulation for the Optical and Near-infrared Electromagnetic Counterparts to GW170817
    journal, September 2018

    • Kawaguchi, Kyohei; Shibata, Masaru; Tanaka, Masaomi
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 865, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aade02

    Viscous-dynamical Ejecta from Binary Neutron Star Mergers
    journal, December 2018

    • Radice, David; Perego, Albino; Hotokezaka, Kenta
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 869, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaf053

    GROWTH on S190510g: DECam Observation Planning and Follow-up of a Distant Binary Neutron Star Merger Candidate
    journal, August 2019

    • Andreoni, Igor; Goldstein, Daniel A.; Anand, Shreya
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 881, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3399

    Binary Black Hole Population Properties Inferred from the First and Second Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo
    journal, September 2019


    The Optical Afterglow of GW170817: An Off-axis Structured Jet and Deep Constraints on a Globular Cluster Origin
    journal, September 2019

    • Fong, W.; Blanchard, P. K.; Alexander, K. D.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 883, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab3d9e

    SN2018kzr: A Rapidly Declining Transient from the Destruction of a White Dwarf
    journal, October 2019

    • McBrien, Owen R.; Smartt, Stephen J.; Chen, Ting-Wan
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 885, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab4dae