skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Scavenger removal of bird carcasses at simulated wind turbines: Does carcass type matter?

 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Wildlife Research Center, Sandusky Ohio 44870 USA
  2. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, Region 4 Great Falls Montana 59405 USA
  3. Environmental Solutions & Innovations, Inc., Cincinnati Ohio 45232 USA
  4. Savannah River Ecology Laboratory and Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Aiken South Carolina 29802 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408194; OSTI ID: 1509807
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Ecosphere Journal Volume: 8 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2150-8925
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
United States
17 WIND ENERGY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; bird; carcass; collision; mortality; raptor; scavenger; wind turbine

Citation Formats

DeVault, Travis L., Seamans, Thomas W., Linnell, Kimberly E., Sparks, Dale W., and Beasley, James C. Scavenger removal of bird carcasses at simulated wind turbines: Does carcass type matter?. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1994.
DeVault, Travis L., Seamans, Thomas W., Linnell, Kimberly E., Sparks, Dale W., & Beasley, James C. Scavenger removal of bird carcasses at simulated wind turbines: Does carcass type matter?. United States. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1994.
DeVault, Travis L., Seamans, Thomas W., Linnell, Kimberly E., Sparks, Dale W., and Beasley, James C. Wed . "Scavenger removal of bird carcasses at simulated wind turbines: Does carcass type matter?". United States. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1994.
title = {Scavenger removal of bird carcasses at simulated wind turbines: Does carcass type matter?},
author = {DeVault, Travis L. and Seamans, Thomas W. and Linnell, Kimberly E. and Sparks, Dale W. and Beasley, James C.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/ecs2.1994},
journal = {Ecosphere},
number = 11,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1994

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Carcass condition, as determined by visual inspection, at the end of 14-d rounds during an assessment of carcass persistence at simulated wind turbines in Ohio, USA, 2014–2015.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Edibility of Birds
journal, December 1945

Abiotic and biotic factors modulate carrion fate and vertebrate scavenging communities
journal, September 2017

  • Turner, Kelsey L.; Abernethy, Erin F.; Conner, L. Mike
  • Ecology, Vol. 98, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1930

A Comprehensive Analysis of Small-Passerine Fatalities from Collision with Turbines at Wind Energy Facilities
journal, September 2014

Direct Mortality of Birds from Anthropogenic Causes
journal, December 2015

Scavenger community response to the removal of a dominant scavenger
journal, May 2011

Large scale risk-assessment of wind-farms on population viability of a globally endangered long-lived raptor
journal, December 2009

  • Carrete, Martina; Sánchez-Zapata, José A.; Benítez, José R.
  • Biological Conservation, Vol. 142, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.07.027

Scavenging Efficiency of Turkey Vultures in Tropical Forest
journal, August 1986

Estimating Wind Turbine–Caused Bird Mortality
journal, November 2007

  • Smallwood, K. Shawn
  • Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 71, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.2193/2007-006

Comparing bird and bat fatality-rate estimates among North American wind-energy projects
journal, March 2013

  • Smallwood, K. Shawn
  • Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 37, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/wsb.260

Scavenger removal: Bird and bat carcass persistence in a tropical wind farm
journal, August 2012

Carrion cycling in food webs: comparisons among terrestrial and marine ecosystems
journal, April 2012

A Synthesis of Human-related Avian Mortality in Canada
journal, January 2013

  • Calvert, Anna M.; Bishop, Christine A.; Elliot, Richard D.
  • Avian Conservation and Ecology, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5751/ACE-00581-080211

A Comparison of Noninvasive Techniques to Survey Carnivore Communities in Northeastern North America
journal, November 2006

Camera-trapping as a methodology to assess the persistence of wildlife carcasses resulting from collisions with human-made structures
journal, January 2014

  • Paula, João J. S.; Bispo, Regina M. B.; Leite, Andreia H.
  • Wildlife Research, Vol. 41, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1071/WR14063

Factors influencing the acquisition of rodent carrion by vertebrate scavengers and decomposers
journal, March 2004

  • DeVault, Travis L.; Brisbin, Jr., I. Lehr; Rhodes, Jr., Olin E.
  • Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 82, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1139/z04-022

Carrion decomposition and nutrient cycling in a semiarid shrub–steppe ecosystem
journal, November 2009

  • Parmenter, Robert R.; MacMahon, James A.
  • Ecological Monographs, Vol. 79, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1890/08-0972.1

How Long Do the Dead Survive on the Road? Carcass Persistence Probability and Implications for Road-Kill Monitoring Surveys
journal, September 2011

Identification of vertebrate scavengers of small mammal carcasses in a forested landscape
journal, June 2002

  • DeVault, Travis L.; Rhodes, Olin E.
  • Acta Theriologica, Vol. 47, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF03192458

Assessing Impacts of Wind-Energy Development on Nocturnally Active Birds and Bats: A Guidance Document
journal, November 2007

  • Kunz, Thomas H.; Arnett, Edward B.; Cooper, Brian M.
  • Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 71, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.2193/2007-270

Estimates of bird collision mortality at wind facilities in the contiguous United States
journal, December 2013

Mesopredators dominate competition for carrion in an agricultural landscape
journal, May 2011

  • DeVault, Travis L.; Olson, Zachary H.; Beasley, James C.
  • Basic and Applied Ecology, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2011.02.008

Canadian Estimate of Bird Mortality Due to Collisions and Direct Habitat Loss Associated with Wind Turbine Developments
journal, January 2013

  • Zimmerling, J. Ryan; Pomeroy, Andrea C.; d'Entremont, Marc V.
  • Avian Conservation and Ecology, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5751/ACE-00609-080210

Carcass Type Affects Local Scavenger Guilds More than Habitat Connectivity
journal, February 2016

Factors affecting carcass use by a guild of scavengers in European temperate woodland
journal, December 2005

  • Selva, N.; Jędrzejewska, B.; Jędrzejewski, W.
  • Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 83, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1139/z05-158

Novel Scavenger Removal Trials Increase Wind Turbine–Caused Avian Fatality Estimates
journal, July 2010

  • Smallwood, K. Shawn; Bell, Douglas A.; Snyder, Sara A.
  • Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 74, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.2193/2009-266

Enhancing Carcass Removal Trials at Three Wind Energy Facilities in Portugal
journal, January 2011

  • Bernardino, Joana; Bispo, Regina; Torres, Paulo
  • Wildlife Biology in Practice, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2461/wbp.2011.7.11

North American population estimates of waterbirds, vultures and hawks from migration counts in Veracruz, México
journal, December 2009

  • Inzunza, Ernesto Ruelas; Goodrich, Laurie J.; Hoffman, Stephen W.
  • Bird Conservation International, Vol. 20, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1017/S0959270909990293

Vertebrate road mortality estimates: Effects of sampling methods and carcass removal
journal, January 2013

  • Teixeira, Fernanda Zimmermann; Coelho, Artur Vicente Pfeifer; Esperandio, Isadora Beraldi
  • Biological Conservation, Vol. 157
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.09.006

A Survey of Birds Odorous or Unpalatable to Humans: Possible Indications of Chemical Defense
journal, November 1997

Carcass size shapes the structure and functioning of an African scavenging assemblage
journal, February 2015

  • Moleón, Marcos; Sánchez-Zapata, José A.; Sebastián-González, Esther
  • Oikos, Vol. 124, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/oik.02222

Carnivore carcasses are avoided by carnivores
journal, July 2017

  • Moleón, Marcos; Martínez-Carrasco, Carlos; Muellerklein, Oliver C.
  • Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 86, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12714

Modeling carcass removal time for avian mortality assessment in wind farms using survival analysis
journal, June 2012

  • Bispo, Regina; Bernardino, Joana; Marques, Tiago A.
  • Environmental and Ecological Statistics, Vol. 20, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10651-012-0212-5

Carcasses of invasive species are predominantly utilized by invasive scavengers in an island ecosystem
journal, October 2016

  • Abernethy, Erin F.; Turner, Kelsey L.; Beasley, James C.
  • Ecosphere, Vol. 7, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1496

Effects of Vulture Declines on Facultative Scavengers and Potential Implications for Mammalian Disease Transmission
journal, March 2012

Selection of carrion by the Australasian harrier (Circus approximate) in New Zealand
journal, January 1980

Urbanisation alters processing of marine carrion on sandy beaches
journal, November 2013

Effects of Vehicle Speed on Flight Initiation by Turkey Vultures: Implications for Bird-Vehicle Collisions
journal, February 2014

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.