skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: High potential thermoelectric figure of merit in ternary La 3Cu 3X 4 (X = P, As, Sb and Bi) compounds

Here, we investigate the thermoelectric properties of the relatively unexplored rare-earth ternary compounds La 3Cu 3X 4 (X= Bi, Sb, As, and P) using first principles electronic structure and Boltzmann transport calculations. These compounds, of which the La 3Cu 3Sb 4 and La 3Cu 3Bi 4 compounds have previously been synthesized, are all predicted to semiconductors and present a wide range of band gaps varying from 0.23 eV (for the Bi compound) to 0.87 eV (for the P compound). We further find a mixture of light and heavy bands, which results in a high thermoelectric power factor. In addition we find that at high temperatures of 1000 K these compounds exhibit lattice thermal conductivity less than 1 W/m-K. The combination of low thermal conductivity and good transport properties results in a predicted ZT as high as ~1.5 for both La 3Cu 3P 4 and La 3Cu 3As 4, under high p-type doping. This predicted high performance makes these compounds promising candidates for high performance thermoelectric performance and thus merits further experimental investigation.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1407795