skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A numerical analysis of a magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer regenerator

Abstract

A numerical analysis was conducted to study a room temperature magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer parallel plates active magnetic regenerator (AMR). Sixteen layers of LaFeMnSiH having different Curie temperatures were employed as magnetocaloric material (MCM) in the regenerator. Measured properties data was used. A transient one dimensional (1D) model was employed, in which a unique numerical method was developed to significantly accelerate the simulation speed of the multi-layer AMR system. As a result, the computation speed of a multi-layer AMR case was very close to the single-layer configuration. The performance of the 16-layer AMR system in different frequencies and utilizations has been investigated using this model. To optimize the layer length distribution of the 16-layer MCMs in the regenerator, a set of 137 simulations with different MCM distributions based on the Design of Experiments (DoE) method was conducted and the results were analyzed. The results show that the 16-layer AMR system can operate up to 84% of Carnot cycle COP at a temperature span of 41 K, which cannot be obtained using an AMR with fewer layers. Here, the DoE results indicate that for a 16-layer AMR system, the uniform distribution is very close to the optimized design.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1407793
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Zhang, Mingkan, Abdelaziz, Omar, Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh, and Abu-Heiba, Ahmad. A numerical analysis of a magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer regenerator. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14406-9.
Zhang, Mingkan, Abdelaziz, Omar, Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh, & Abu-Heiba, Ahmad. A numerical analysis of a magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer regenerator. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14406-9.
Zhang, Mingkan, Abdelaziz, Omar, Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh, and Abu-Heiba, Ahmad. Wed . "A numerical analysis of a magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer regenerator". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14406-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407793.
@article{osti_1407793,
title = {A numerical analysis of a magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer regenerator},
author = {Zhang, Mingkan and Abdelaziz, Omar and Momen, Ayyoub Mehdizadeh and Abu-Heiba, Ahmad},
abstractNote = {A numerical analysis was conducted to study a room temperature magnetocaloric refrigerator with a 16-layer parallel plates active magnetic regenerator (AMR). Sixteen layers of LaFeMnSiH having different Curie temperatures were employed as magnetocaloric material (MCM) in the regenerator. Measured properties data was used. A transient one dimensional (1D) model was employed, in which a unique numerical method was developed to significantly accelerate the simulation speed of the multi-layer AMR system. As a result, the computation speed of a multi-layer AMR case was very close to the single-layer configuration. The performance of the 16-layer AMR system in different frequencies and utilizations has been investigated using this model. To optimize the layer length distribution of the 16-layer MCMs in the regenerator, a set of 137 simulations with different MCM distributions based on the Design of Experiments (DoE) method was conducted and the results were analyzed. The results show that the 16-layer AMR system can operate up to 84% of Carnot cycle COP at a temperature span of 41 K, which cannot be obtained using an AMR with fewer layers. Here, the DoE results indicate that for a 16-layer AMR system, the uniform distribution is very close to the optimized design.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-14406-9},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Giant magnetocaloric effect of MnAs1−xSbx
journal, November 2001

  • Wada, H.; Tanabe, Y.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1419048

Optimization of layered regenerator of a magnetic refrigeration device
journal, September 2015


Modeling of Graded Active Magnetic Regenerator for Room-Temperature, Energy-Efficient Refrigeration
journal, January 2014

  • Hsieh, Chih-Ming; Su, Yu-Chuan; Lee, Chih-Hao
  • IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2013.2274097

A dimensionless numerical analysis for the optimization of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerant cycle: A dimensionless analysis for the optimization of an AMR cycle
journal, November 2012

  • Aprea, C.; Greco, A.; Maiorino, A.
  • International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 37, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/er.2955

Improved modelling of a parallel plate active magnetic regenerator
journal, June 2013


Magnetic refrigeration: Single and multimaterial active magnetic regenerator experiments
journal, February 2004

  • Richard, M. -A.; Rowe, A. M.; Chahine, R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1643200

Performance optimisation of room temperature magnetic refrigerator with layered/multi-material microchannel regenerators
journal, August 2016


Transition-metal-based magnetic refrigerants for room-temperature applications
journal, January 2002

  • Tegus, O.; Brück, E.; Buschow, K. H. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 415, Issue 6868
  • DOI: 10.1038/415150a

Review on research of room temperature magnetic refrigeration
journal, September 2003


Stability and Magnetocaloric Properties of Sintered La(Fe, Mn, Si)$_{13}$H$_{z}$ Alloys
journal, October 2011


Optimum structure of multilayer regenerator with magnetic materials
journal, January 1997


Experimental investigation of a three-material layered active magnetic regenerator
journal, December 2006


Magnetocaloric Properties of ${\hbox{La}}({\hbox{Fe}},{\hbox{Co}},{\hbox{Si}})_{13}$ Bulk Material Prepared by Powder Metallurgy
journal, November 2008


Exploring La(Fe,Si)13-based magnetic refrigerants towards application
journal, September 2012


The performance of a large-scale rotary magnetic refrigerator
journal, January 2014


Optimization of active magnetic regenerators with two and three layers of Gd-alloys.
dataset, January 2016


Experimental results for a magnetic refrigerator using three different types of magnetocaloric material regenerators
journal, June 2011


The Magnetocaloric Effect and Magnetic Refrigeration Near Room Temperature: Materials and Models
journal, August 2012


A practical model for analysis of active magnetic regenerative refrigerators for room temperature applications
journal, December 2006


Review Article: Recent Developments in Room Temperature Active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigeration
journal, July 2007


Sensitivity study of multi-layer active magnetic regenerators using first order magnetocaloric material La(Fe,Mn,Si) 13 H y
journal, July 2015

  • Lei, Tian; Nielsen, Kaspar K.; Engelbrecht, Kurt
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4923356

An experimental comparison of four magnetocaloric regenerators using three different materials
journal, January 2014


Experimental investigation of MnFeP 1− x As x multilayer active magnetic regenerators
journal, July 2017

  • Govindappa, P.; Trevizoli, P. V.; Campbell, O.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa7a33

Performance evaluation of an active magnetic regenerator for cooling applications – part I: Experimental analysis and thermodynamic performance
journal, December 2016


A numerical analysis of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerant system with a multi-layer regenerator
journal, January 2011


Magnetic heat pumps: An overview of design principles and challenges
journal, March 2016

  • Trevizoli, Paulo V.; Christiaanse, Theodor V.; Govindappa, Premakumara
  • Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1080/23744731.2016.1171632

Thirty years of near room temperature magnetic cooling: Where we are today and future prospects
journal, September 2008


Giant Magnetocaloric Effect in Gd5(Si2Ge2)
journal, June 1997


Taylor dispersion of a solute in a microfluidic channel
journal, April 2001

  • Beard, Daniel A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1357462

A review of magnetic refrigerator and heat pump prototypes built before the year 2010
journal, September 2010


Performance assessment of different porous matrix geometries for active magnetic regenerators
journal, February 2017


Comparison between a 1D and a 2D numerical model of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator
journal, April 2008

  • Petersen, Thomas Frank; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Bahl, Christian R. H.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/41/10/105002

Study of multi-layer active magnetic regenerators using magnetocaloric materials with first and second order phase transition
journal, July 2016


Review on numerical modeling of active magnetic regenerators for room temperature applications
journal, May 2011


Improved approximation for the Nusselt number for hydrodynamically developed laminar flow between parallel plates
journal, July 2002


Magnetocaloric effect: A review of the thermodynamic cycles in magnetic refrigeration
journal, January 2013

  • Romero Gómez, J.; Ferreiro Garcia, R.; De Miguel Catoira, A.
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 17
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.09.027

Very large magnetic entropy change near room temperature in LaFe11.2Co0.7Si1.1
journal, February 2002

  • Hu, Feng-xia; Shen, Bao-gen; Sun, Ji-rong
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 80, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1447592

Performance evaluation of two-layer active magnetic regenerators with second-order magnetocaloric materials
journal, August 2016


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Magnetic heat pumps: An overview of design principles and challenges
    journal, March 2016

    • Trevizoli, Paulo V.; Christiaanse, Theodor V.; Govindappa, Premakumara
    • Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 22, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1080/23744731.2016.1171632

    A numerical analysis of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerant system with a multi-layer regenerator
    journal, January 2011


    Review on numerical modeling of active magnetic regenerators for room temperature applications
    journal, May 2011


    A practical model for analysis of active magnetic regenerative refrigerators for room temperature applications
    journal, December 2006


    Sensitivity study of multi-layer active magnetic regenerators using first order magnetocaloric material La(Fe,Mn,Si) 13 H y
    journal, July 2015

    • Lei, Tian; Nielsen, Kaspar K.; Engelbrecht, Kurt
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4923356

    Experimental investigation of MnFeP 1− x As x multilayer active magnetic regenerators
    journal, July 2017

    • Govindappa, P.; Trevizoli, P. V.; Campbell, O.
    • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 31
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa7a33

    Thirty years of near room temperature magnetic cooling: Where we are today and future prospects
    journal, September 2008


    An experimental comparison of four magnetocaloric regenerators using three different materials
    journal, January 2014


    Exploring La(Fe,Si)13-based magnetic refrigerants towards application
    journal, September 2012


    Experimental investigation of a three-material layered active magnetic regenerator
    journal, December 2006


    Study of multi-layer active magnetic regenerators using magnetocaloric materials with first and second order phase transition
    journal, July 2016


    A review of magnetic refrigerator and heat pump prototypes built before the year 2010
    journal, September 2010


    The Magnetocaloric Effect and Magnetic Refrigeration Near Room Temperature: Materials and Models
    journal, August 2012


    Magnetocaloric effect: A review of the thermodynamic cycles in magnetic refrigeration
    journal, January 2013

    • Romero Gómez, J.; Ferreiro Garcia, R.; De Miguel Catoira, A.
    • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 17
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.09.027

    Taylor dispersion of a solute in a microfluidic channel
    journal, April 2001

    • Beard, Daniel A.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1357462

    The performance of a large-scale rotary magnetic refrigerator
    journal, January 2014


    Performance assessment of different porous matrix geometries for active magnetic regenerators
    journal, February 2017


    Very large magnetic entropy change near room temperature in LaFe11.2Co0.7Si1.1
    journal, February 2002

    • Hu, Feng-xia; Shen, Bao-gen; Sun, Ji-rong
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 80, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1447592

    Giant magnetocaloric effect of MnAs1−xSbx
    journal, November 2001

    • Wada, H.; Tanabe, Y.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1419048

    Optimization of layered regenerator of a magnetic refrigeration device
    journal, September 2015


    A dimensionless numerical analysis for the optimization of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerant cycle: A dimensionless analysis for the optimization of an AMR cycle
    journal, November 2012

    • Aprea, C.; Greco, A.; Maiorino, A.
    • International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 37, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/er.2955

    Comparison between a 1D and a 2D numerical model of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator
    journal, April 2008

    • Petersen, Thomas Frank; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Bahl, Christian R. H.
    • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/41/10/105002

    Performance optimisation of room temperature magnetic refrigerator with layered/multi-material microchannel regenerators
    journal, August 2016


    Experimental results for a magnetic refrigerator using three different types of magnetocaloric material regenerators
    journal, June 2011


    Performance evaluation of an active magnetic regenerator for cooling applications – part I: Experimental analysis and thermodynamic performance
    journal, December 2016


    Magnetic refrigeration: Single and multimaterial active magnetic regenerator experiments
    journal, February 2004

    • Richard, M. -A.; Rowe, A. M.; Chahine, R.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1643200

    Review Article: Recent Developments in Room Temperature Active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigeration
    journal, July 2007


    Transition-metal-based magnetic refrigerants for room-temperature applications
    journal, January 2002

    • Tegus, O.; Brück, E.; Buschow, K. H. J.
    • Nature, Vol. 415, Issue 6868
    • DOI: 10.1038/415150a

    Improved modelling of a parallel plate active magnetic regenerator
    journal, June 2013