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Title: Magnetic quantum phase transition in Cr-doped Bi 2(Se xTe 1-x) 3 driven by the Stark effect

The interplay between magnetism and topology, as exemplified in the magnetic skyrmion systems, has emerged as a rich playground for finding novel quantum phenomena and applications in future information technology. Magnetic topological insulators (TI) have attracted much recent attention, especially after the experimental realization of quantum anomalous Hall effect. Future applications of magnetic TI hinge on the accurate manipulation of magnetism and topology by external perturbations, preferably with a gate electric field. In this work, we investigate the magneto transport properties of Cr doped Bi 2(Se xTe 1-x) 3 TI across the topological quantum critical point (QCP). We find that the external gate voltage has negligible effect on the magnetic order for samples far away from the topological QCP. However, for the sample near the QCP, we observe a ferromagnetic (FM) to paramagnetic (PM) phase transition driven by the gate electric field. Theoretical calculations show that a perpendicular electric field causes a shift of electronic energy levels due to the Stark effect, which induces a topological quantum phase transition and consequently a magnetic phase transition. Finally, the in situ electrical control of the topological and magnetic properties of TI shed important new lights on future topological electronic or spintronic devicemore » applications.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [5]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). State Key Lab. of Low Dimensional Quantum Physics, Dept. of Physics
  2. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China). State Key Lab. of Surface Physics, Dept. of Physics; Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
  5. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). State Key Lab. of Low Dimensional Quantum Physics, Dept. of Physics; Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-3387
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; surfaces, interfaces and thin films; topological insulators
OSTI Identifier:
1407490