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Title: Extremely large magnetoresistance and Kohler's rule in PdSn 4 : A complete study of thermodynamic, transport, and band-structure properties

Abstract

The recently discovered material PtSn 4 is known to exhibit extremely large magnetoresistance (XMR) that also manifests Dirac arc nodes on the surface. PdSn 4 is isostructural to PtSn 4 with the same electron count. Here, we report on the physical properties of high-quality single crystals of PdSn 4 including specific heat, temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent resistivity and magnetization, and electronic band-structure properties obtained from angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). We observe that PdSn 4 has physical properties that are qualitatively similar to those of PtSn 4 , but find also pronounced differences. Importantly, the Dirac arc node surface state of PtSn 4 is gapped out for PdSn 4. By comparing these similar compounds, we address the origin of the extremely large magnetoresistance in PdSn 4 and PtSn 4; based on detailed analysis of the magnetoresistivity ρ ( H , T ) , we conclude that neither the carrier compensation nor the Dirac arc node surface state are the primary reason for the extremely large magnetoresistance. On the other hand, we also find that, surprisingly, Kohler's rule scaling of the magnetoresistance, which describes a self-similarity of the field-induced orbital electronic motion across different length scales and is derived for a simple electronicmore » response of metals to an applied magnetic field is obeyed over the full range of temperatures and field strengths that we explore.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1407486
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405208
Report Number(s):
IS-J 9476
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; TRN: US1703279
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; GBMF4411
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Jo, Na Hyun, Wu, Yun, Wang, Lin-Lin, Orth, Peter P., Downing, Savannah S., Manni, Soham, Mou, Dixiang, Johnson, Duane D., Kaminski, Adam, Bud'ko, Sergey L., and Canfield, Paul C. Extremely large magnetoresistance and Kohler's rule in PdSn4 : A complete study of thermodynamic, transport, and band-structure properties. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165145.
Jo, Na Hyun, Wu, Yun, Wang, Lin-Lin, Orth, Peter P., Downing, Savannah S., Manni, Soham, Mou, Dixiang, Johnson, Duane D., Kaminski, Adam, Bud'ko, Sergey L., & Canfield, Paul C. Extremely large magnetoresistance and Kohler's rule in PdSn4 : A complete study of thermodynamic, transport, and band-structure properties. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165145.
Jo, Na Hyun, Wu, Yun, Wang, Lin-Lin, Orth, Peter P., Downing, Savannah S., Manni, Soham, Mou, Dixiang, Johnson, Duane D., Kaminski, Adam, Bud'ko, Sergey L., and Canfield, Paul C. Fri . "Extremely large magnetoresistance and Kohler's rule in PdSn4 : A complete study of thermodynamic, transport, and band-structure properties". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165145. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407486.
@article{osti_1407486,
title = {Extremely large magnetoresistance and Kohler's rule in PdSn4 : A complete study of thermodynamic, transport, and band-structure properties},
author = {Jo, Na Hyun and Wu, Yun and Wang, Lin-Lin and Orth, Peter P. and Downing, Savannah S. and Manni, Soham and Mou, Dixiang and Johnson, Duane D. and Kaminski, Adam and Bud'ko, Sergey L. and Canfield, Paul C.},
abstractNote = {The recently discovered material PtSn4 is known to exhibit extremely large magnetoresistance (XMR) that also manifests Dirac arc nodes on the surface. PdSn4 is isostructural to PtSn4 with the same electron count. Here, we report on the physical properties of high-quality single crystals of PdSn4 including specific heat, temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent resistivity and magnetization, and electronic band-structure properties obtained from angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). We observe that PdSn4 has physical properties that are qualitatively similar to those of PtSn4 , but find also pronounced differences. Importantly, the Dirac arc node surface state of PtSn4 is gapped out for PdSn4. By comparing these similar compounds, we address the origin of the extremely large magnetoresistance in PdSn4 and PtSn4; based on detailed analysis of the magnetoresistivity ρ ( H , T ) , we conclude that neither the carrier compensation nor the Dirac arc node surface state are the primary reason for the extremely large magnetoresistance. On the other hand, we also find that, surprisingly, Kohler's rule scaling of the magnetoresistance, which describes a self-similarity of the field-induced orbital electronic motion across different length scales and is derived for a simple electronic response of metals to an applied magnetic field is obeyed over the full range of temperatures and field strengths that we explore.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.165145},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 16,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Dirac Nodal Arc Semimetal PtSn 4 : An Ideal Platform for Understanding Surface Properties and Catalysis for Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, August 2019

    • Li, Guowei; Fu, Chenguang; Shi, Wujun
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 37
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    Dirac Nodal Arc Semimetal PtSn 4 : An Ideal Platform for Understanding Surface Properties and Catalysis for Hydrogen Evolution
    journal, August 2019

    • Li, Guowei; Fu, Chenguang; Shi, Wujun
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 37
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