skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states

Abstract

Recently, our group proposed a metamaterial laser design based on explicitly coupled dark resonant states in low-loss dielectrics, which conceptually separates the gain-coupled resonant photonic state responsible for macroscopic stimulated emission from the coupling to specific free-space propagating modes, allowing independent adjustment of the lasing state and its coherent radiation output. Due to this functionality, it is now possible to make lasers that can overcome the trade-off between system dimensions and Q factor, especially for surface emitting lasers with deeply subwavelength thickness. In this paper, we give a detailed discussion of the key functionality and benefits of this design, such as radiation damping tunability, directionality, subwavelength integration, and simple layer-by-layer fabrication. Finally, we examine in detail the fundamental design tradeoffs that establish the principle of operation and must be taken into account and give guidance for realistic implementations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece). Inst. of Electronic Structure and Laser
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece). Inst. of Electronic Structure and Laser; Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece); Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); European Research Council (ERC)
OSTI Identifier:
1407484
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405553
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9470
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; TRN: US1703277
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; 320081
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; laser-system design; metamaterials; optical sources & detectors; nonlinear dynamics; atomic, molecular & optical

Citation Formats

Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143.
Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, & Soukoulis, Costas M. Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143.
Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Mon . "Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407484.
@article{osti_1407484,
title = {Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states},
author = {Droulias, Sotiris and Jain, Aditya and Koschny, Thomas and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {Recently, our group proposed a metamaterial laser design based on explicitly coupled dark resonant states in low-loss dielectrics, which conceptually separates the gain-coupled resonant photonic state responsible for macroscopic stimulated emission from the coupling to specific free-space propagating modes, allowing independent adjustment of the lasing state and its coherent radiation output. Due to this functionality, it is now possible to make lasers that can overcome the trade-off between system dimensions and Q factor, especially for surface emitting lasers with deeply subwavelength thickness. In this paper, we give a detailed discussion of the key functionality and benefits of this design, such as radiation damping tunability, directionality, subwavelength integration, and simple layer-by-layer fabrication. Finally, we examine in detail the fundamental design tradeoffs that establish the principle of operation and must be taken into account and give guidance for realistic implementations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 15,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Self-consistent calculations of loss-compensated fishnet metamaterials
journal, September 2010


Gain and plasmon dynamics in active negative-index metamaterials
journal, September 2011

  • Wuestner, Sebastian; Pusch, Andreas; Tsakmakidis, Kosmas L.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369, Issue 1950
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0140

Metamaterials with Quantum Gain
journal, February 2013


Organic Dye Laser Threshold
journal, April 1971

  • Peterson, O. G.; Webb, J. P.; McColgin, W. C.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 42, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1660468

Large Quality Factor in Sheet Metamaterials Made from Dark Dielectric Meta-atoms
journal, March 2014


Theory of Light Amplification in Active Fishnet Metamaterials
journal, October 2011


Near-infrared absorption–emission cross-sections of PbSe quantum dots doped in UV gel
journal, July 2015


Loss-free and active optical negative-index metamaterials
journal, August 2010

  • Xiao, Shumin; Drachev, Vladimir P.; Kildishev, Alexander V.
  • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7307
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09278

Towards the lasing spaser: controlling metamaterial optical response with semiconductor quantum dots
journal, January 2009


Photonic-Wire Laser
journal, October 1995


Optically resonant dielectric nanostructures
journal, November 2016

  • Kuznetsov, Arseniy I.; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E.; Brongersma, Mark L.
  • Science, Vol. 354, Issue 6314
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aag2472

Surface plasmon–polariton amplifiers and lasers
journal, December 2011


Novel Lasers Based on Resonant Dark States
journal, February 2017


Effective material parameter retrieval for thin sheets: Theory and application to graphene, thin silver films, and single-layer metamaterials
journal, October 2012

  • Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M.
  • Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 407, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.physb.2012.01.119

All-dielectric metamaterials
journal, January 2016


Theory of Pump-Probe Experiments of Metallic Metamaterials Coupled to a Gain Medium
journal, May 2012


Overcoming the losses of a split ring resonator array with gain
journal, January 2011

  • Fang, Anan; Huang, Zhixiang; Koschny, Thomas
  • Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.012688

Optical gain of InGaAsN∕InP quantum wells for laser applications
journal, October 2006

  • Carrère, H.; Marie, X.; Lombez, L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2372769

Control and dynamic competition of bright and dark lasing states in active nanoplasmonic metamaterials
journal, May 2012


Optical Constants of the Noble Metals
journal, December 1972


Variation of Er3+ cross section for stimulated emission with glass composition
journal, October 1972

  • Sandoe, J. N.; Sarkies, P. H.; Parke, S.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/5/10/307

Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser
journal, August 2009

  • Noginov, M. A.; Zhu, G.; Belgrave, A. M.
  • Nature, Vol. 460, Issue 7259
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08318

Overcoming Losses with Gain in a Negative Refractive Index Metamaterial
journal, September 2010


Spasers explained
journal, June 2008


Active nanoplasmonic metamaterials
journal, June 2012

  • Hess, O.; Pendry, J. B.; Maier, S. A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3356

Arrays of Ag split-ring resonators coupled to InGaAs single-quantum-well gain
journal, January 2010

  • Meinzer, Nina; Ruther, Matthias; Linden, Stefan
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.024140

Flat optics with designer metasurfaces
journal, February 2014

  • Yu, Nanfang; Capasso, Federico
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 2, p. 139-150
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3839

Surface Plasmon Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation: Quantum Generation of Coherent Surface Plasmons in Nanosystems
journal, January 2003


Lasing spaser
journal, May 2008

  • Zheludev, N. I.; Prosvirnin, S. L.; Papasimakis, N.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2008.82

A nearly diffraction limited surface emitting conjugated polymer laser utilizing a two-dimensional photonic band structure
journal, October 2000

  • Riechel, S.; Kallinger, C.; Lemmer, U.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1310207

Fluorescence behaviour of highly concentrated rhodamine 6G solutions
journal, May 1987


All-analytical semiclassical theory of spaser performance in a plasmonic nanocavity
journal, August 2013


Comparative analysis of spasers, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and surface-plasmon-emitting diodes
journal, May 2014


Evaluation of emission cross section of CdSe quantum dots for laser applications
journal, July 2012


Surface-emitting laser-its birth and generation of new optoelectronics field
journal, November 2000

  • Iga, K.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/2944.902168

Lasing in metamaterial nanostructures
journal, January 2010


Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale
journal, August 2009

  • Oulton, Rupert F.; Sorger, Volker J.; Zentgraf, Thomas
  • Nature, Vol. 461, Issue 7264
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08364

Mechanism of the metallic metamaterials coupled to the gain material
journal, January 2014

  • Huang, Zhixiang; Droulias, Sotiris; Koschny, Thomas
  • Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.028596

Theoretical gain in compressive and tensile strained InGaAs/InGaAsP quantum wells
journal, July 1991

  • Corzine, S. W.; Coldren, L. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 59, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.105395

Distance-dependence of the coupling between split-ring resonators and single-quantum-well gain
journal, September 2011

  • Meinzer, N.; König, M.; Ruther, M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3633353

Lasing oscillation in a three-dimensional photonic crystal nanocavity with a complete bandgap
journal, December 2010

  • Tandaechanurat, Aniwat; Ishida, Satomi; Guimard, Denis
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2010.286

Experimental and theoretical investigation of tunable picosecond pulse generation in longitudinally pumped dye laser generators and amplifiers
journal, September 1988

  • Sperber, P.; Spangler, W.; Meier, B.
  • Optical and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00632467

Multifold Enhancement of Quantum Dot Luminescence in Plasmonic Metamaterials
journal, November 2010


Extreme control of light in metamaterials: Complete and loss-free stopping of light
journal, October 2012


Photophysical characterization of pyrromethene 597 laser dye in silicon-containing organic matrices
journal, September 2006


Optical metamaterials with different metals
journal, February 2012


Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect Mode Laser
journal, June 1999


Absorption and emission cross section of Er/sup 3+/ doped silica fibers
journal, April 1991

  • Barnes, W. L.; Laming, R. I.; Tarbox, E. J.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 27, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.83335

Whispering‐gallery mode microdisk lasers
journal, January 1992

  • McCall, S. L.; Levi, A. F. J.; Slusher, R. E.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 60, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.106688

The spaser as a nanoscale quantum generator and ultrafast amplifier
journal, January 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials
    journal, January 2019

    • Droulias, Sotiris; Koschny, Thomas; Kafesaki, Maria
    • Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Vol. 9
    • DOI: 10.1177/1847980418817947

    On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials
    journal, January 2019

    • Droulias, Sotiris; Koschny, Thomas; Kafesaki, Maria
    • Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Vol. 9
    • DOI: 10.1177/1847980418817947