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Title: Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states

Recently, our group proposed a metamaterial laser design based on explicitly coupled dark resonant states in low-loss dielectrics, which conceptually separates the gain-coupled resonant photonic state responsible for macroscopic stimulated emission from the coupling to specific free-space propagating modes, allowing independent adjustment of the lasing state and its coherent radiation output. Due to this functionality, it is now possible to make lasers that can overcome the trade-off between system dimensions and Q factor, especially for surface emitting lasers with deeply subwavelength thickness. In this paper, we give a detailed discussion of the key functionality and benefits of this design, such as radiation damping tunability, directionality, subwavelength integration, and simple layer-by-layer fabrication. Finally, we examine in detail the fundamental design tradeoffs that establish the principle of operation and must be taken into account and give guidance for realistic implementations.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece). Inst. of Electronic Structure and Laser
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece). Inst. of Electronic Structure and Laser; Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9470
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; TRN: US1703277
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358; 320081
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion (Greece); Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); European Research Council (ERC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; laser-system design; metamaterials; optical sources & detectors; nonlinear dynamics; atomic, molecular & optical
OSTI Identifier:
1407484
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405553

Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143.
Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, & Soukoulis, Costas M. Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143.
Droulias, Sotiris, Jain, Aditya, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. 2017. "Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407484.
@article{osti_1407484,
title = {Fundamentals of metasurface lasers based on resonant dark states},
author = {Droulias, Sotiris and Jain, Aditya and Koschny, Thomas and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {Recently, our group proposed a metamaterial laser design based on explicitly coupled dark resonant states in low-loss dielectrics, which conceptually separates the gain-coupled resonant photonic state responsible for macroscopic stimulated emission from the coupling to specific free-space propagating modes, allowing independent adjustment of the lasing state and its coherent radiation output. Due to this functionality, it is now possible to make lasers that can overcome the trade-off between system dimensions and Q factor, especially for surface emitting lasers with deeply subwavelength thickness. In this paper, we give a detailed discussion of the key functionality and benefits of this design, such as radiation damping tunability, directionality, subwavelength integration, and simple layer-by-layer fabrication. Finally, we examine in detail the fundamental design tradeoffs that establish the principle of operation and must be taken into account and give guidance for realistic implementations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.155143},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 15,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Large Quality Factor in Sheet Metamaterials Made from Dark Dielectric Meta-atoms
journal, March 2014

Optical Constants of the Noble Metals
journal, December 1972

Flat optics with designer metasurfaces
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  • Yu, Nanfang; Capasso, Federico
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 2, p. 139-150
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3839

Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect Mode Laser
journal, June 1999