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Title: Ultrahigh thermoelectric power factor in flexible hybrid inorganic-organic superlattice

Hybrid inorganic–organic superlattice with an electron-transmitting but phonon-blocking structure has emerged as a promising flexible thin film thermoelectric material. However, the substantial challenge in optimizing carrier concentration without disrupting the superlattice structure prevents further improvement of the thermoelectric performance. Here we demonstrate a strategy for carrier optimization in a hybrid inorganic–organic superlattice of TiS 2[tetrabutylammonium] x [hexylammonium] y, where the organic layers are composed of a random mixture of tetrabutylammonium and hexylammonium molecules. By vacuum heating the hybrid materials at an intermediate temperature, the hexylammonium molecules with a lower boiling point are selectively de-intercalated, which reduces the electron density due to the requirement of electroneutrality. The tetrabutylammonium molecules with a higher boiling point remain to support and stabilize the superlattice structure. Furthermore, the carrier concentration can thus be effectively reduced, resulting in a remarkably high power factor of 904 µW m –1 K –2 at 300 K for flexible thermoelectrics, approaching the values achieved in conventional inorganic semiconductors.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Toyota Physical and Chemical Research Institute, Nagakute (Japan)
  3. Nagoya Univ., Nagoya (Japan)
  4. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; organic-inorganic nanostructures; thermoelectrics; two-dimensional materials
OSTI Identifier: