skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Tuning interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO 3 / CaMnO 3 superlattices by stabilizing nonequilibrium crystal symmetry

Abstract

Perovskite oxide heterostructures offer an important path forward for stabilizing and controlling low-dimensional magnetism. One of the guiding design principles for these materials systems is octahedral connectivity. In superlattices composed of perovskites with different crystal symmetries, variation of the relative ratio of the constituent layers and the individual layer thicknesses gives rise to nonequilibrium crystal symmetries that, in turn, lead to unprecedented control of interfacial ferromagnetism. We have found that in superlattices of CaMnO 3 (CMO) and LaNiO 3 (LNO), interfacial ferromagnetism can be modulated by a factor of 3 depending on LNO and CMO layer thicknesses as well as their relative ratio. Such an effect is only possible due to the nonequilibrium crystal symmetries at the interfaces and can be understood in terms of the anisotropy of the exchange interactions and modifications in the interfacial Ni-O-Mn and Mn-O-Mn bond angles and lengths with increasing LNO layer thickness. Here, these results demonstrate the potential of engineering nonequilibrium crystal symmetries in designing ferromagnetism.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1406491
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1406147; OSTI ID: 1461516
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0008505; AC02-05CH11231; AC02-76SF00515; AC02-06CH11357]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 14]; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Flint, C. L., Vailionis, A., Zhou, H., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., and Suzuki, Y. Tuning interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 superlattices by stabilizing nonequilibrium crystal symmetry. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144438.
Flint, C. L., Vailionis, A., Zhou, H., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., & Suzuki, Y. Tuning interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 superlattices by stabilizing nonequilibrium crystal symmetry. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144438.
Flint, C. L., Vailionis, A., Zhou, H., Jang, H., Lee, J. -S., and Suzuki, Y. Tue . "Tuning interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 superlattices by stabilizing nonequilibrium crystal symmetry". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144438. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1406491.
@article{osti_1406491,
title = {Tuning interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 superlattices by stabilizing nonequilibrium crystal symmetry},
author = {Flint, C. L. and Vailionis, A. and Zhou, H. and Jang, H. and Lee, J. -S. and Suzuki, Y.},
abstractNote = {Perovskite oxide heterostructures offer an important path forward for stabilizing and controlling low-dimensional magnetism. One of the guiding design principles for these materials systems is octahedral connectivity. In superlattices composed of perovskites with different crystal symmetries, variation of the relative ratio of the constituent layers and the individual layer thicknesses gives rise to nonequilibrium crystal symmetries that, in turn, lead to unprecedented control of interfacial ferromagnetism. We have found that in superlattices of CaMnO3 (CMO) and LaNiO3 (LNO), interfacial ferromagnetism can be modulated by a factor of 3 depending on LNO and CMO layer thicknesses as well as their relative ratio. Such an effect is only possible due to the nonequilibrium crystal symmetries at the interfaces and can be understood in terms of the anisotropy of the exchange interactions and modifications in the interfacial Ni-O-Mn and Mn-O-Mn bond angles and lengths with increasing LNO layer thickness. Here, these results demonstrate the potential of engineering nonequilibrium crystal symmetries in designing ferromagnetism.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144438},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = [14],
volume = [96],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Lattice parameters and orthorhombic distortion of CaMnO 3
journal, March 2010

  • Paszkowicz, Wojciech; Piętosa, Jarosław; Woodley, Scott M.
  • Powder Diffraction, Vol. 25, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1154/1.3314256

Magnetic interactions and covalency effects in mainly ionic compounds
journal, March 1976


High-pressure Mössbauer spectroscopy of perovskite high valence iron oxides under external magnetic field
journal, March 2005


Control of octahedral rotations in (LaNiO 3 ) n /(SrMnO 3 ) m superlattices
journal, April 2011


Atomic level observation of octahedral distortions at the perovskite oxide heterointerface
journal, July 2013

  • Aso, Ryotaro; Kan, Daisuke; Shimakawa, Yuichi
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02214

Ferroelectricity: Octahedral Rotation-Induced Ferroelectricity in Cation Ordered Perovskites (Adv. Mater. 15/2012)
journal, April 2012


Effect of Interfacial Octahedral Behavior in Ultrathin Manganite Films
journal, April 2014

  • Moon, E. J.; Balachandran, P. V.; Kirby, B. J.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl500235f

Misfit strain accommodation in epitaxial A B O 3 perovskites: Lattice rotations and lattice modulations
journal, February 2011


Electronic properties of the metallic perovskite LaNiO 3 : Correlated behavior of 3 d electrons
journal, September 1992


Ubiquity of ferromagnetic signals in common diamagnetic oxide crystals
journal, June 2010


Ferromagnetism on the unpolished surfaces of single crystal metal oxide substrates
journal, August 2011

  • Yee, S. M. M.; Crandles, D. A.; Goncharova, L. V.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 110, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3611034

Electron Leakage and Double-Exchange Ferromagnetism at the Interface between a Metal and an Antiferromagnetic Insulator: CaRuO 3 / CaMnO 3
journal, May 2007


Pressure effects on the metal-insulator transition in magnetoresistive manganese perovskites
journal, October 1997


Simple ways of determining perovskite structures
journal, November 1975


Pressure enhanced ferromagnetism and suppressed exchange bias in La 0.9 Ba 0.1 CoO 3 cobaltite
journal, October 2013

  • Fita, I.; Puzniak, R.; Wisniewski, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4826268

Bandwidth-driven nature of the pressure-induced metal state of LaMnO 3
journal, October 2011

  • Ramos, A. Y.; Souza-Neto, N. M.; Tolentino, H. C. N.
  • EPL (Europhysics Letters), Vol. 96, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/96/36002

Interface ferromagnetism in oxide superlattices of CaMnO3/CaRuO3
journal, August 2001

  • Takahashi, K. S.; Kawasaki, M.; Tokura, Y.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1398331

Interfacial Ferromagnetism in LaNiO 3 / CaMnO 3 Superlattices
journal, August 2013


Interfacial Symmetry Control of Emergent Ferromagnetism at the Nanoscale
journal, August 2016


Role of polar compensation in interfacial ferromagnetism of LaNiO 3 / CaMnO 3 superlattices
journal, July 2017


Quantifying octahedral rotations in strained perovskite oxide films
journal, July 2010


Strain-controlled oxygen vacancy formation and ordering in CaMnO 3
journal, August 2013


Symmetry and lattice mismatch induced strain accommodation near and away from correlated perovskite interfaces
journal, September 2014

  • Vailionis, A.; Boschker, H.; Liao, Z.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4896969

Controlled lateral anisotropy in correlated manganite heterostructures by interface-engineered oxygen octahedral coupling
journal, March 2016

  • Liao, Z.; Huijben, M.; Zhong, Z.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4579

Exchange bias in LaNiO3–LaMnO3 superlattices
journal, January 2012

  • Gibert, Marta; Zubko, Pavlo; Scherwitzl, Raoul
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3224

Control of Octahedral Tilts and Magnetic Properties of Perovskite Oxide Heterostructures by Substrate Symmetry
journal, November 2010


Metal-Insulator Transition in Ultrathin LaNiO 3 Films
journal, June 2011


Pressure-induced intermediate-to-low spin state transition in LaCoO 3
journal, April 2003


Extrinsic origin of ferromagnetism in single crystalline LaAlO3 substrates and oxide films
journal, June 2008

  • Golmar, F.; Mudarra Navarro, A. M.; Rodríguez Torres, C. E.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2952839

Lattice Effects on the Magnetoresistance in Doped LaMn O 3
journal, July 1995


Spatial control of functional properties via octahedral modulations in complex oxide superlattices
journal, December 2014

  • Moon, E. J.; Colby, R.; Wang, Q.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6710

Structural refinement of Pbnm -type perovskite films from analysis of half-order diffraction peaks
journal, January 2017

  • Brahlek, M.; Choquette, A. K.; Smith, C. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4974362

Control of octahedral connectivity in perovskite oxide heterostructures: An emerging route to multifunctional materials discovery
journal, March 2012

  • Rondinelli, James M.; May, Steven J.; Freeland, John W.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 37, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2012.49

Interfacial Ferromagnetism and Exchange Bias in CaRuO 3 / CaMnO 3 Superlattices
journal, November 2012


Correlating interfacial octahedral rotations with magnetism in (LaMnO3+δ)N/(SrTiO3)N superlattices
journal, July 2014

  • Zhai, Xiaofang; Cheng, Long; Liu, Yang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5283