skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Single-shot optical recorder with sub-picosecond resolution and scalable record length on a semiconductor wafer

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrate a novel, single-shot recording technology for transient optical signals. A resolution of 0.4 ps over a record length of 54 ps was demonstrated. Here, a pump pulse crossing through a signal samples a diagonal “slice” of space–time, enabling a camera to record spatially the time content of the signal. Unlike related X (2)-based cross-correlation techniques, here the signal is sampled through optically pumped carriers that modify the refractive index of a silicon wafer. Surrounding the wafer with birefringent retarders enables two time-staggered, orthogonally polarized signal copies to probe the wafer. Recombining the copies at a final crossed polarizer destructively interferes with them, except during the brief stagger window, where a differential phase shift is incurred. This enables the integrating response of the rapidly excited but persistent carriers to be optically differentiated. Lastly, this sampling mechanism has several advantages that enable scaling to long record lengths, including making use of large, inexpensive semiconductor wafers, eliminating the need for phase matching, broad insensitivity to the spectral and angular properties of the pump, and overall hardware simplicity.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1406431
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402535
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-729266
Journal ID: ISSN 0146-9592; OPLEDP
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-9592
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Switching; Ultrafast measurements; Ultrafast nonlinear optics

Citation Formats

Muir, R., and Heebner, J. Single-shot optical recorder with sub-picosecond resolution and scalable record length on a semiconductor wafer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1364/OL.42.004414.
Muir, R., & Heebner, J. Single-shot optical recorder with sub-picosecond resolution and scalable record length on a semiconductor wafer. United States. doi:10.1364/OL.42.004414.
Muir, R., and Heebner, J. Tue . "Single-shot optical recorder with sub-picosecond resolution and scalable record length on a semiconductor wafer". United States. doi:10.1364/OL.42.004414. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1406431.
@article{osti_1406431,
title = {Single-shot optical recorder with sub-picosecond resolution and scalable record length on a semiconductor wafer},
author = {Muir, R. and Heebner, J.},
abstractNote = {In this study, we demonstrate a novel, single-shot recording technology for transient optical signals. A resolution of 0.4 ps over a record length of 54 ps was demonstrated. Here, a pump pulse crossing through a signal samples a diagonal “slice” of space–time, enabling a camera to record spatially the time content of the signal. Unlike related X(2)-based cross-correlation techniques, here the signal is sampled through optically pumped carriers that modify the refractive index of a silicon wafer. Surrounding the wafer with birefringent retarders enables two time-staggered, orthogonally polarized signal copies to probe the wafer. Recombining the copies at a final crossed polarizer destructively interferes with them, except during the brief stagger window, where a differential phase shift is incurred. This enables the integrating response of the rapidly excited but persistent carriers to be optically differentiated. Lastly, this sampling mechanism has several advantages that enable scaling to long record lengths, including making use of large, inexpensive semiconductor wafers, eliminating the need for phase matching, broad insensitivity to the spectral and angular properties of the pump, and overall hardware simplicity.},
doi = {10.1364/OL.42.004414},
journal = {Optics Letters},
number = 21,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Time-to-frequency conversion using a single time lens
journal, March 2003


Photonic time-stretched analog-to-digital converter: fundamental concepts and practical considerations
journal, December 2003


Crossed-beam spectral interferometry: a simple, high-spectral-resolution method for completely characterizing complex ultrashort pulses in real time
journal, January 2006

  • Bowlan, Pamela; Gabolde, Pablo; Shreenath, Aparna
  • Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.14.011892

High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator
journal, January 2008

  • Dorrer, Christophe; Bromage, Jake; Zuegel, J. D.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.013534

Analysis of the characteristics of TOADs subject to frequency-detuned control and signal picosecond pulses
journal, January 1999

  • Tang, J. M.; Shore, K. A.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 35, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.798095

Chipscale, single-shot gated ultrafast optical recorder
journal, December 2011

  • Shih, Ta-Ming; Sarantos, Chris H.; Haynes, Susan M.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.000414

Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses
journal, January 2009

  • Walmsley, Ian A.; Dorrer, Christophe
  • Advances in Optics and Photonics, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1364/AOP.1.000308

Single-shot high-resolution characterization of optical pulses by spectral phase diversity
journal, January 2015


All-Optical Switch with Switch-Off Time Unrestricted by Carrier Lifetime
journal, December 1993

  • Tajima, Kazuhito
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 32, Issue Part 2, No. 12A
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.32.L1746

Carrier-induced change in refractive index of InP, GaAs and InGaAsP
journal, January 1990

  • Bennett, B. R.; Soref, R. A.; Del Alamo, J. A.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.44924

Asynchronous single-shot characterization of high-repetition-rate ultrafast waveforms using a time-lens-based temporal magnifier
journal, January 2012

  • Okawachi, Yoshitomo; Salem, Reza; Johnson, Adrea R.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.37.004892

Temporal magnification and reversal of 100 Gb/s optical data with an up‐conversion time microscope
journal, November 1994

  • Bennett, C. V.; Scott, R. P.; Kolner, B. H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 65, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.112620

104 MHz rate single-shot recording with subpicosecond resolution using temporal imaging
journal, January 2013

  • Hernandez, Vincent J.; Bennett, Corey V.; Moran, Bryan D.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.000196

Single-Shot Optical Recording with Sub-Picosecond Resolution Implementing a Differentiated Semiconductor Nonlinearity
conference, January 2017


Time-to-space mapping of femtosecond pulses
journal, January 1994

  • Nuss, Martin C.; Weiner, A. M.; Partovi, Afshin
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.19.000664

Solid-state ultrafast all-optical streak camera enabling high-dynamic-range picosecond recording
journal, January 2010


Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses
journal, January 1998

  • Iaconis, C.; Walmsley, I. A.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 23, Issue 10, p. 792-794
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.23.000792

Photonic time stretch and its application to analog-to-digital conversion
journal, July 1999

  • Coppinger, F.; Bhushan, A. S.; Jalali, B.
  • IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 47, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/22.775471

Electrooptical effects in silicon
journal, January 1987


Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope
journal, November 2008

  • Foster, Mark A.; Salem, Reza; Geraghty, David F.
  • Nature, Vol. 456, Issue 7218
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07430

Single-frame measurement of complex laser pulses tens of picoseconds long using pulse-front tilt in cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating
journal, January 2013

  • Wong, Tsz Chun; Trebino, Rick
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 30, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.30.002781