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Title: Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor

The observation of a reconstructed Fermi surface via quantum oscillations in hole-doped cuprates opened a path towards identifying broken symmetry states in the pseudogap regime. However, such an identification has remained inconclusive due to the multi-frequency quantum oscillation spectra and complications accounting for bilayer effects in most studies. We overcome these impediments with high-resolution measurements on the structurally simpler cuprate HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg1201), which features one CuO2 plane per primitive unit cell. We find only a single oscillatory component with no signatures of magnetic breakdown tunnelling to additional orbits. Therefore, the Fermi surface comprises a single quasi-two-dimensional pocket. Quantitative modelling of these results indicates that a biaxial charge density wave within each CuO2 plane is responsible for the reconstruction and rules out criss-crossed charge stripes between layers as a viable alternative in Hg1201. Lastly, we determine that the characteristic gap between reconstructed pockets is a significant fraction of the pseudogap energy
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Minneapolis, MN (United States); Technische Univ. Wien, Vienna (Austria)
  4. Univ. of Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22715
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC). Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; High Magnetic Field Science; high temperature superconductors Cuprate Femrmiology magneto quantum oscillations
OSTI Identifier:
1406215

Chan, Mun Keat, Harrison, Neil, Mcdonald, Ross David, Ramshaw, Brad, Modic, Kim Ann, Greven, Martin, and Greven, Martin. Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms12244.
Chan, Mun Keat, Harrison, Neil, Mcdonald, Ross David, Ramshaw, Brad, Modic, Kim Ann, Greven, Martin, & Greven, Martin. Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms12244.
Chan, Mun Keat, Harrison, Neil, Mcdonald, Ross David, Ramshaw, Brad, Modic, Kim Ann, Greven, Martin, and Greven, Martin. 2016. "Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms12244. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1406215.
@article{osti_1406215,
title = {Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor},
author = {Chan, Mun Keat and Harrison, Neil and Mcdonald, Ross David and Ramshaw, Brad and Modic, Kim Ann and Greven, Martin and Greven, Martin},
abstractNote = {The observation of a reconstructed Fermi surface via quantum oscillations in hole-doped cuprates opened a path towards identifying broken symmetry states in the pseudogap regime. However, such an identification has remained inconclusive due to the multi-frequency quantum oscillation spectra and complications accounting for bilayer effects in most studies. We overcome these impediments with high-resolution measurements on the structurally simpler cuprate HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg1201), which features one CuO2 plane per primitive unit cell. We find only a single oscillatory component with no signatures of magnetic breakdown tunnelling to additional orbits. Therefore, the Fermi surface comprises a single quasi-two-dimensional pocket. Quantitative modelling of these results indicates that a biaxial charge density wave within each CuO2 plane is responsible for the reconstruction and rules out criss-crossed charge stripes between layers as a viable alternative in Hg1201. Lastly, we determine that the characteristic gap between reconstructed pockets is a significant fraction of the pseudogap energy},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms12244},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}