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Title: Tunable Room-Temperature Synthesis of Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystals from N -Heterocyclic Carbene Synthons

Here we present a new toolset of precursors for semiconductor nanocrystal synthesis, N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-metal halide complexes, which enables a tunable molecular platform for the preparation of coinage metal chalcogenide quantum dots (QDs). Phase-pure and highly monodisperse coinage metal chalcogenide (Ag 2E, Cu 2-xE; E = S, Se) QDs are readily synthesized from the direct reaction of an NHC-MBr synthon (where M = Ag, Cu) with alkylsilyl chalcogenide reagents at room temperature. We demonstrate that the size of the resulting QDs is well tailored by the electron-donating ability of the L-type NHC ligands, which are further confirmed to be the only organic capping ligands on the QD surface, imparting excellent colloidal stability. Local superstructures of the NHC-capped Ag 2S QDs are observed by TEM, further demonstrating their potential for synthesizing monodisperse ensembles and mediating self-assembly.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0006812; FG02-11ER46826
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1406130

Lu, Haipeng, and Brutchey, Richard L. Tunable Room-Temperature Synthesis of Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystals from N -Heterocyclic Carbene Synthons. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b05293.
Lu, Haipeng, & Brutchey, Richard L. Tunable Room-Temperature Synthesis of Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystals from N -Heterocyclic Carbene Synthons. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b05293.
Lu, Haipeng, and Brutchey, Richard L. 2017. "Tunable Room-Temperature Synthesis of Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystals from N -Heterocyclic Carbene Synthons". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b05293. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1406130.
@article{osti_1406130,
title = {Tunable Room-Temperature Synthesis of Coinage Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystals from N -Heterocyclic Carbene Synthons},
author = {Lu, Haipeng and Brutchey, Richard L.},
abstractNote = {Here we present a new toolset of precursors for semiconductor nanocrystal synthesis, N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-metal halide complexes, which enables a tunable molecular platform for the preparation of coinage metal chalcogenide quantum dots (QDs). Phase-pure and highly monodisperse coinage metal chalcogenide (Ag2E, Cu2-xE; E = S, Se) QDs are readily synthesized from the direct reaction of an NHC-MBr synthon (where M = Ag, Cu) with alkylsilyl chalcogenide reagents at room temperature. We demonstrate that the size of the resulting QDs is well tailored by the electron-donating ability of the L-type NHC ligands, which are further confirmed to be the only organic capping ligands on the QD surface, imparting excellent colloidal stability. Local superstructures of the NHC-capped Ag2S QDs are observed by TEM, further demonstrating their potential for synthesizing monodisperse ensembles and mediating self-assembly.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b05293},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}