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Title: Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Path to a Printable Terawatt-Scale Technology

Abundant, low-cost, reliable, and clean energy is critical not just to maintain but also to improve the living conditions across the globe. Because of the world's unrelenting population and GDP growth that is only slightly offset by reductions in energy intensity per $ of GDP, it has been estimated that by 2050 the world will consume an average of 30 Terawatts (TW) of total (i.e., not just electricity) energy, of which, assuming no current generation capacity retires, at least between 10-15 TW will be completely new capacity. Addressing this 'Terawatt challenge', a term originally coined by Richard Smalley in 2004, in a nonpolluting and sustainable way is integral to addressing socioeconomic needs in both industrial and rapidly developing countries worldwide. In conjunction with ongoing electrification of the energy system, the vastness of the available solar resource will provide a solution to the world's energy needs if we can develop sufficiently low-cost, high-performance, and massively scalable photovoltaic (PV) technology.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70242
Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; HALIDE PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELLS; TERAWATT SCALE; SCALABLE TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1405283