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Title: Multiscale Aspects of the Storm Producing the June 2013 Flooding in Uttarakhand, India

Abstract

Conditions producing disastrous flooding in Uttarakhand, India, in June 2013 differed from conditions that produced other notorious floods in the Himalayan region in recent years. During the week preceding the Uttarakhand flood, deep convection moistened the mountainsides, making them vulnerable to flooding. However, the precipitation producing the flood was not associated with a deep convective event. Rather, an eastward-propagating upper-level trough in the westerlies extended abnormally far southward, with the jet reaching the Himalayas. The south end of the trough merged with a monsoon low moving westward across India. The merged system produced persistent moist low-level flow oriented normal to the Himalayas that advected large amounts of water vapor into the Uttarakhand region. The flow was moist neutral when it passed over the Himalayan barrier, and orographic lifting produced heavy continuous rain over the region for 2–3 days. The precipitation was largely stratiform in nature although embedded convection of moderate depth occurred along the foothills, where some mild instability was being released. The Uttarakhand flood had characteristics in common with major 2013 floods in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Alberta, Canada.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]
  1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  2. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  3. Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
  4. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, and Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, Maryland
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1405222
Grant/Contract Number:  
[Task order 292896 (agreement 243766)]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Weather Review
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Monthly Weather Review Journal Volume: 145 Journal Issue: 11]; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-0644
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Houze, Jr., R. A., McMurdie, L. A., Rasmussen, K. L., Kumar, A., and Chaplin, M. M. Multiscale Aspects of the Storm Producing the June 2013 Flooding in Uttarakhand, India. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0004.1.
Houze, Jr., R. A., McMurdie, L. A., Rasmussen, K. L., Kumar, A., & Chaplin, M. M. Multiscale Aspects of the Storm Producing the June 2013 Flooding in Uttarakhand, India. United States. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0004.1.
Houze, Jr., R. A., McMurdie, L. A., Rasmussen, K. L., Kumar, A., and Chaplin, M. M. Wed . "Multiscale Aspects of the Storm Producing the June 2013 Flooding in Uttarakhand, India". United States. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0004.1.
@article{osti_1405222,
title = {Multiscale Aspects of the Storm Producing the June 2013 Flooding in Uttarakhand, India},
author = {Houze, Jr., R. A. and McMurdie, L. A. and Rasmussen, K. L. and Kumar, A. and Chaplin, M. M.},
abstractNote = {Conditions producing disastrous flooding in Uttarakhand, India, in June 2013 differed from conditions that produced other notorious floods in the Himalayan region in recent years. During the week preceding the Uttarakhand flood, deep convection moistened the mountainsides, making them vulnerable to flooding. However, the precipitation producing the flood was not associated with a deep convective event. Rather, an eastward-propagating upper-level trough in the westerlies extended abnormally far southward, with the jet reaching the Himalayas. The south end of the trough merged with a monsoon low moving westward across India. The merged system produced persistent moist low-level flow oriented normal to the Himalayas that advected large amounts of water vapor into the Uttarakhand region. The flow was moist neutral when it passed over the Himalayan barrier, and orographic lifting produced heavy continuous rain over the region for 2–3 days. The precipitation was largely stratiform in nature although embedded convection of moderate depth occurred along the foothills, where some mild instability was being released. The Uttarakhand flood had characteristics in common with major 2013 floods in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Alberta, Canada.},
doi = {10.1175/MWR-D-17-0004.1},
journal = {Monthly Weather Review},
number = [11],
volume = [145],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-17-0004.1

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
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