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Title: The build-up of energetic electrons triggering electron cyclotron emission bursts due to a magnetohydrodynamic mode at the edge of tokamaks

Intense bursts of electron cyclotron emission (ECE) triggered by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities such as edge localized modes (ELMs) have been observed on many tokamaks. On the DIII-D tokamak, it is found that an MHD mode is observed to trigger the ECE bursts in the low collisionality regime at the plasma edge. ORBIT-code simulations have shown that energetic electrons build up due to an interaction between barely trapped electrons with an MHD mode (f = 50 kHz for current case). The energetic tail of the electron distribution function develops a bump within several microseconds for this collisionless case. This behavior depends on the competition between the perturbing MHD mode and slowing down and pitch angle scattering due to collisions. As a result, for typical DIII-D parameters, the calculated ECE radiation transport predicted by ORBIT is in excellent agreement with ECE measurements, clarifying the electron dynamics of the ECE bursts for the first time.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Chinese Academy of Science, Hefei (People's Republic of China)
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  3. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-95ER54309; AC02-09CH11466; FC02-04ER54698; FG03-97ER54415
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1404946
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375663