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Title: Plasma flow reactor for steady state monitoring of physical and chemical processes at high temperatures

Here, we present the development of a steady state plasma flow reactor to investigate gas phase physical and chemical processes that occur at high temperature (1000 < T < 5000 K) and atmospheric pressure. The reactor consists of a glass tube that is attached to an inductively coupled argon plasma generator via an adaptor (ring flow injector). We have modeled the system using computational fluid dynamics simulations that are bounded by measured temperatures. In situ line-of-sight optical emission and absorption spectroscopy have been used to determine the structures and concentrations of molecules formed during rapid cooling of reactants after they pass through the plasma. Emission spectroscopy also enables us to determine the temperatures at which these dynamic processes occur. A sample collection probe inserted from the open end of the reactor is used to collect condensed materials and analyze them ex situ using electron microscopy. The preliminary results of two separate investigations involving the condensation of metal oxides and chemical kinetics of high-temperature gas reactions are discussed.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Univ. of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-730618
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; 14-ERD-077; 16-ERD-008
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 42 ENGINEERING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1404842
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1389134

Koroglu, Batikan, Mehl, Marco, Armstrong, Michael R., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Weisz, David G., Zaug, Joseph M., Dai, Zurong, Radousky, Harry B., Chernov, Alex, Ramon, Erick, Stavrou, Elissaios, Knight, Kim, Fabris, Andrea L., Cappelli, Mark A., and Rose, Timothy P.. Plasma flow reactor for steady state monitoring of physical and chemical processes at high temperatures. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.5001346.
Koroglu, Batikan, Mehl, Marco, Armstrong, Michael R., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Weisz, David G., Zaug, Joseph M., Dai, Zurong, Radousky, Harry B., Chernov, Alex, Ramon, Erick, Stavrou, Elissaios, Knight, Kim, Fabris, Andrea L., Cappelli, Mark A., & Rose, Timothy P.. Plasma flow reactor for steady state monitoring of physical and chemical processes at high temperatures. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5001346.
Koroglu, Batikan, Mehl, Marco, Armstrong, Michael R., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Weisz, David G., Zaug, Joseph M., Dai, Zurong, Radousky, Harry B., Chernov, Alex, Ramon, Erick, Stavrou, Elissaios, Knight, Kim, Fabris, Andrea L., Cappelli, Mark A., and Rose, Timothy P.. 2017. "Plasma flow reactor for steady state monitoring of physical and chemical processes at high temperatures". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5001346. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1404842.
@article{osti_1404842,
title = {Plasma flow reactor for steady state monitoring of physical and chemical processes at high temperatures},
author = {Koroglu, Batikan and Mehl, Marco and Armstrong, Michael R. and Crowhurst, Jonathan C. and Weisz, David G. and Zaug, Joseph M. and Dai, Zurong and Radousky, Harry B. and Chernov, Alex and Ramon, Erick and Stavrou, Elissaios and Knight, Kim and Fabris, Andrea L. and Cappelli, Mark A. and Rose, Timothy P.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the development of a steady state plasma flow reactor to investigate gas phase physical and chemical processes that occur at high temperature (1000 < T < 5000 K) and atmospheric pressure. The reactor consists of a glass tube that is attached to an inductively coupled argon plasma generator via an adaptor (ring flow injector). We have modeled the system using computational fluid dynamics simulations that are bounded by measured temperatures. In situ line-of-sight optical emission and absorption spectroscopy have been used to determine the structures and concentrations of molecules formed during rapid cooling of reactants after they pass through the plasma. Emission spectroscopy also enables us to determine the temperatures at which these dynamic processes occur. A sample collection probe inserted from the open end of the reactor is used to collect condensed materials and analyze them ex situ using electron microscopy. The preliminary results of two separate investigations involving the condensation of metal oxides and chemical kinetics of high-temperature gas reactions are discussed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5001346},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 9,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}