skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structures

Abstract

Hierarchical structures consisting of small sub-wavelength features stacked atop larger structures have been demonstrated as an effective means of reducing the reflectance of surfaces. However, optical devices require different antireflective properties depending on the application, and general unifying guidelines on hierarchical structures' design to attain a desired antireflection spectral response are still lacking. The type of reflectivity (diffuse, specular, or total/hemispherical) and its angular- and spectral-dependence are all dictated by the structural parameters. Through computational and experimental studies, guidelines have been devised to modify these various aspects of reflectivity across the solar spectrum by proper selection of the features of hierarchical structures. In this wavelength regime, micrometer-scale substructures dictate the long-wavelength spectral response and effectively reduce specular reflectance, whereas nanometer-scale substructures dictate primarily the visible wavelength spectral response and reduce diffuse reflectance. Coupling structures having these two length scales into hierarchical arrays impressively reduces surfaces' hemispherical reflectance across a broad spectrum of wavelengths and angles. Furthermore, such hierarchical structures in silicon are demonstrated having an average total reflectance across the solar spectrum of 1.1% (average weighted reflectance of 1% in the 280–2500 nm range of the AM 1.5 G spectrum) and specular reflectance <1% even at angles of incidence asmore » high as 67°.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Materials Science Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore CA 94551 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1404830
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395596
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-713005
Journal ID: ISSN 2195-1071
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; 15-ERD-043
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Optical Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 2195-1071
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; broadband and omnidirectional antireflectivity; hierarchical structures; silicon

Citation Formats

Leon, Juan J. Diaz, Hiszpanski, Anna M., Bond, Tiziana C., and Kuntz, Joshua D. Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structures. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/adom.201700080.
Leon, Juan J. Diaz, Hiszpanski, Anna M., Bond, Tiziana C., & Kuntz, Joshua D. Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structures. United States. doi:10.1002/adom.201700080.
Leon, Juan J. Diaz, Hiszpanski, Anna M., Bond, Tiziana C., and Kuntz, Joshua D. Thu . "Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structures". United States. doi:10.1002/adom.201700080. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1404830.
@article{osti_1404830,
title = {Design Rules for Tailoring Antireflection Properties of Hierarchical Optical Structures},
author = {Leon, Juan J. Diaz and Hiszpanski, Anna M. and Bond, Tiziana C. and Kuntz, Joshua D.},
abstractNote = {Hierarchical structures consisting of small sub-wavelength features stacked atop larger structures have been demonstrated as an effective means of reducing the reflectance of surfaces. However, optical devices require different antireflective properties depending on the application, and general unifying guidelines on hierarchical structures' design to attain a desired antireflection spectral response are still lacking. The type of reflectivity (diffuse, specular, or total/hemispherical) and its angular- and spectral-dependence are all dictated by the structural parameters. Through computational and experimental studies, guidelines have been devised to modify these various aspects of reflectivity across the solar spectrum by proper selection of the features of hierarchical structures. In this wavelength regime, micrometer-scale substructures dictate the long-wavelength spectral response and effectively reduce specular reflectance, whereas nanometer-scale substructures dictate primarily the visible wavelength spectral response and reduce diffuse reflectance. Coupling structures having these two length scales into hierarchical arrays impressively reduces surfaces' hemispherical reflectance across a broad spectrum of wavelengths and angles. Furthermore, such hierarchical structures in silicon are demonstrated having an average total reflectance across the solar spectrum of 1.1% (average weighted reflectance of 1% in the 280–2500 nm range of the AM 1.5 G spectrum) and specular reflectance <1% even at angles of incidence as high as 67°.},
doi = {10.1002/adom.201700080},
journal = {Advanced Optical Materials},
number = 13,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching of Silicon: A Review
journal, September 2010

  • Huang, Zhipeng; Geyer, Nadine; Werner, Peter
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 2, p. 285-308
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201001784

Excellent antireflection properties of vertical silicon nanowire arrays
journal, September 2010

  • Srivastava, Sanjay K.; Kumar, Dinesh; Singh, P. K.
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 94, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.02.033

Proposed reference irradiance spectra for solar energy systems testing
journal, December 2002


Metal-assisted chemical etching of silicon in HF–H2O2
journal, July 2008


Hierarchical robust textured structures for large scale self-cleaning black silicon solar cells
journal, January 2014


Nanostructured gradient-index antireflection diffractive optics
journal, January 2011

  • Chang, Chih-Hao; Dominguez-Caballero, Jose A.; Choi, Hyungryul J.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.36.002354

Three-dimensionally designed anti-reflective silicon surfaces for perfect absorption of light
journal, January 2014

  • Cho, Seong J.; An, Taechang; Lim, Geunbae
  • Chem. Commun., Vol. 50, Issue 99
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC07341J

Visible light emission due to quantum size effects in highly porous crystalline silicon
journal, September 1991

  • Cullis, A. G.; Canham, L. T.
  • Nature, Vol. 353, Issue 6342
  • DOI: 10.1038/353335a0

Nanostructured Stealth Surfaces for Visible and Near-Infrared Light
journal, September 2016


Silicon micro-structure and ZnO nanowire hierarchical assortments for light management
journal, January 2013

  • Choudhury, B. Dev; Abedin, A.; Dev, A.
  • Optical Materials Express, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1364/OME.3.001039

The structural and luminescence properties of porous silicon
journal, August 1997

  • Cullis, A. G.; Canham, L. T.; Calcott, P. D. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.366536

Antireflection effects at nanostructured material interfaces and the suppression of thin-film interference
journal, May 2013


Simple Approach to Wafer-Scale Self-Cleaning Antireflective Silicon Surfaces
journal, July 2009

  • Qi, Dianpeng; Lu, Nan; Xu, Hongbo
  • Langmuir, Vol. 25, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/la9013009

Sub-50-nm self-assembled nanotextures for enhanced broadband antireflection in silicon solar cells
journal, January 2015

  • Rahman, Atikur; Ashraf, Ahsan; Xin, Huolin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6963

Near-Unity Unselective Absorption in Sparse InP Nanowire Arrays
journal, September 2016


Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensing on black silicon: Surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensing on black silicon
journal, June 2013

  • Gervinskas, Gediminas; Seniutinas, Gediminas; Hartley, Jennifer S.
  • Annalen der Physik, Vol. 525, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/andp.201300035

Silicon quantum wire array fabrication by electrochemical and chemical dissolution of wafers
journal, September 1990

  • Canham, L. T.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 57, Issue 10, p. 1046-1048
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.103561

Broadband antireflection and absorption enhancement of ultrathin silicon solar microcells enabled with density-graded surface nanostructures
journal, June 2014

  • Chan, Lesley; Kang, Dongseok; Lee, Sung-Min
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4881260

Black silicon: fabrication methods, properties and solar energy applications
journal, January 2014

  • Liu, Xiaogang; Coxon, Paul R.; Peters, Marius
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01152J

Light management for photovoltaics using high-index nanostructures
journal, April 2014

  • Brongersma, Mark L.; Cui, Yi; Fan, Shanhui
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3921

Rational geometrical design of multi-diameter nanopillars for efficient light harvesting
journal, September 2013


Recent advances in antireflective surfaces based on nanostructure arrays
journal, January 2015


Hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells with 12% efficiency by utilizing flexible film-silicon with a hierarchical surface
journal, January 2014

  • Thiyagu, Subramani; Hsueh, Chen-Chih; Liu, Chien-Ting
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3nr06323b

Improved antireflection properties of moth eye mimicking nanopillars on transparent glass: flat antireflection and color tuning
journal, January 2012

  • Ji, Seungmuk; Park, Joonsik; Lim, Hyuneui
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 4, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2nr30787a

Statistical ray optics
journal, July 1982

  • Yablonovitch, Eli
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 72, Issue 7, p. 899-907
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSA.72.000899

Improved broadband and quasi-omnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures
journal, December 2007

  • Huang, Yi-Fan; Chattopadhyay, Surojit; Jen, Yi-Jun
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 2, Issue 12, p. 770-774
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2007.389

A strong antireflective solar cell prepared by tapering silicon nanowires
journal, January 2010

  • Jung, Jin-Young; Guo, Zhongyi; Jee, Sang-Won
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue S3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.00A286

Nanostructure surface design for broadband and angle-independent antireflection
journal, January 2013


Differences in etching characteristics of TMAH and KOH on preparing inverted pyramids for silicon solar cells
journal, January 2013


Optical Absorption Enhancement in Amorphous Silicon Nanowire and Nanocone Arrays
journal, December 2008

  • Zhu, Jia; Yu, Zongfu; Burkhard, George F.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 1, p. 279-282
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl802886y

Effect of line and trench profile variation on specular and diffuse reflectance from a periodic structure
journal, January 2007


Enhanced Absorption and <1% Spectrum-and-Angle-Averaged Reflection in Tapered Microwire Arrays
journal, September 2016


Nanotextured Silica Surfaces with Robust Superhydrophobicity and Omnidirectional Broadband Supertransmissivity
journal, May 2012

  • Park, Kyoo-Chul; Choi, Hyungryul J.; Chang, Chih-Hao
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn301112t

High density micro-pyramids with silicon nanowire array for photovoltaic applications
journal, November 2014