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Title: Plasma ion stratification by weak planar shocks

We derive fluid equations for describing steady-state planar shocks of a moderate strength (0 < M - 1 ≲ 1 with M the shock Mach number) propagating through an unmagnetized quasineutral collisional plasma comprising two separate ion species. In addition to the standard fluid shock quantities, such as the total mass density, mass-flow velocity, and electron and average ion temperatures, the equations describe shock stratification in terms of variations in the relative concentrations and temperatures of the two ion species along the shock propagation direction. We have solved these equations analytically for weak shocks (0 < M - 1 << 1), with the results depending on M, ratios of the ion masses and charges, and the upstream mass fraction of one of the ion species. These analytical results are instrumental for gaining understanding in the behavior of weak shocks, and they have been used to verify kinetic simulations of shocks in multi-ion plasmas.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-25524
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; TRN: US1703242
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1402645
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375540