skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Assessing the Roles of Fire Frequency and Precipitation in Determining Woody Plant Expansion in Central U.S. Grasslands: STABILITY OF WOODY EXPANSION

ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Geography and Atmospheric Science, University of Kansas, Lawrence KS USA
  2. Department of Mathematics, University of Kansas, Lawrence KS USA
  3. Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI USA
  4. Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan KS USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences Journal Volume: 122 Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-8953
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Brunsell, N. A., Van Vleck, E. S., Nosshi, M., Ratajczak, Z., and Nippert, J. B. Assessing the Roles of Fire Frequency and Precipitation in Determining Woody Plant Expansion in Central U.S. Grasslands: STABILITY OF WOODY EXPANSION. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JG004046.
Brunsell, N. A., Van Vleck, E. S., Nosshi, M., Ratajczak, Z., & Nippert, J. B. Assessing the Roles of Fire Frequency and Precipitation in Determining Woody Plant Expansion in Central U.S. Grasslands: STABILITY OF WOODY EXPANSION. United States. doi:10.1002/2017JG004046.
Brunsell, N. A., Van Vleck, E. S., Nosshi, M., Ratajczak, Z., and Nippert, J. B. Tue . "Assessing the Roles of Fire Frequency and Precipitation in Determining Woody Plant Expansion in Central U.S. Grasslands: STABILITY OF WOODY EXPANSION". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JG004046.
title = {Assessing the Roles of Fire Frequency and Precipitation in Determining Woody Plant Expansion in Central U.S. Grasslands: STABILITY OF WOODY EXPANSION},
author = {Brunsell, N. A. and Van Vleck, E. S. and Nosshi, M. and Ratajczak, Z. and Nippert, J. B.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/2017JG004046},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences},
number = 10,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/2017JG004046

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Determining embedding dimension for phase-space reconstruction using a geometrical construction
journal, March 1992

  • Kennel, Matthew B.; Brown, Reggie; Abarbanel, Henry D. I.
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 45, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.45.3403

What Limits Trees in C 4 Grasslands and Savannas?
journal, December 2008

Mechanisms of shrubland expansion: land use, climate or CO2?
journal, January 1995

  • Archer, Steve; Schimel, David S.; Holland, Elisabeth A.
  • Climatic Change, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01091640

Abrupt transition of mesic grassland to shrubland: evidence for thresholds, alternative attractors, and regime shifts
journal, September 2014

  • Ratajczak, Zak; Nippert, Jesse B.; Ocheltree, Troy W.
  • Ecology, Vol. 95, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1890/13-1369.1

Influence of competition and rainfall manipulation on the growth responses of savanna trees and grasses
journal, May 2013

  • February, Edmund C.; Higgins, Steven I.; Bond, William J.
  • Ecology, Vol. 94, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1890/12-0540.1

Fire dynamics distinguish grasslands, shrublands and woodlands as alternative attractors in the Central Great Plains of North America
journal, October 2014

  • Ratajczak, Zak; Nippert, Jesse B.; Briggs, John M.
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 102, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12311

The Demise of Fire and “Mesophication” of Forests in the Eastern United States
journal, February 2008

  • Nowacki, Gregory J.; Abrams, Marc D.
  • BioScience, Vol. 58, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1641/B580207

Soil moisture and plant stress dynamics along the Kalahari precipitation gradient: KALAHARI SOIL MOISTURE AND DYNAMICAL PLANT STRESS
journal, February 2003

  • Porporato, Amilcare; Laio, Francesco; Ridolfi, Luca
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 108, Issue D3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD002448

The Global Extent and Determinants of Savanna and Forest as Alternative Biome States
journal, October 2011

Positive feedbacks amplify rates of woody encroachment in mesic tallgrass prairie
journal, November 2011

  • Ratajczak, Zak; Nippert, Jesse B.; Hartman, Jeffrey C.
  • Ecosphere, Vol. 2, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1890/ES11-00212.1

The rising Great Plains fire campaign: citizens' response to woody plant encroachment
journal, August 2013

  • Twidwell, Dirac; Rogers, William E.; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D.
  • Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 11, Issue s1
  • DOI: 10.1890/130015

Relation between rainfall intensity and savanna tree abundance explained by water use strategies
journal, October 2015

  • Xu, Xiangtao; Medvigy, David; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517382112

Evidence of Physiological Decoupling from Grassland Ecosystem Drivers by an Encroaching Woody Shrub
journal, December 2013

Physiological Interactions Along Resource Gradients in a Tallgrass Prairie
journal, April 1991

  • Schimel, David S.; Kittel, Timothy G. F.; Knapp, Alan K.
  • Ecology, Vol. 72, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2307/2937207

Savanna woody encroachment is widespread across three continents
journal, August 2016

  • Stevens, Nicola; Lehmann, Caroline E. R.; Murphy, Brett P.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13409

Shrub Invasions of North American Semiarid Grasslands
journal, November 2000

Woody plant proliferation in North American drylands: A synthesis of impacts on ecosystem carbon balance
journal, January 2011

  • Barger, Nichole N.; Archer, Steven R.; Campbell, John L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001506

Increasing Evidence for Chaotic Dynamics in the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere System: A Motivation for Future Research
journal, January 2013

Modelling tree-grass coexistence in water-limited ecosystems
journal, September 2017

Woody encroachment and its consequences on hydrological processes in the savannah
journal, September 2016

  • Honda, Eliane A.; Durigan, Giselda
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 371, Issue 1703
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0313

Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: towards a global synthesis: Synthesizing shrub encroachment effects
journal, May 2011

Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
journal, December 2005

  • Sankaran, Mahesh; Hanan, Niall P.; Scholes, Robert J.
  • Nature, Vol. 438, Issue 7069
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04070

Are shrubs really a sign of declining ecosystem function? Disentangling the myths and truths of woody encroachment in Australia
journal, January 2014

  • Eldridge, David J.; Soliveres, Santiago
  • Australian Journal of Botany, Vol. 62, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1071/BT14137

Assessing the Rate, Mechanisms, and Consequences of the Conversion of Tallgrass Prairie to Juniperus virginiana Forest
journal, September 2002

An Ecosystem in Transition: Causes and Consequences of the Conversion of Mesic Grassland to Shrubland
journal, January 2005

Interactive effects of grazing, drought, and fire on grassland plant communities in North America and South Africa
journal, January 2014

  • Koerner, Sally E.; Collins, Scott L.
  • Ecology, Vol. 95, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/13-0526.1

Climatological determinants of woody cover in Africa
journal, March 2011

  • Good, S. P.; Caylor, K. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1013100108

Refining thresholds in coupled fire-vegetation models to improve management of encroaching woody plants in grasslands
journal, March 2013

  • Twidwell, Dirac; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D.; Taylor, Charles A.
  • Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 50, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12063

Simulation of an abrupt change in Saharan vegetation in the Mid-Holocene
journal, July 1999

  • Claussen, Martin; Kubatzki, Claudia; Brovkin, Victor
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 26, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999GL900494

Lyapunov and Sacker–Sell Spectral Intervals
journal, July 2006

  • Dieci, Luca; Van Vleck, Erik S.
  • Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations, Vol. 19, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10884-006-9030-5

Experimental demonstration of chaotic instability in biological nitrification
journal, July 2007

  • Graham, David W.; Knapp, Charles W.; Van Vleck, Erik S.
  • The ISME Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2007.45

Climate change reduces extent of temperate drylands and intensifies drought in deep soils
journal, January 2017

  • Schlaepfer, Daniel R.; Bradford, John B.; Lauenroth, William K.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14196

Climate change alters growing season flux dynamics in mesic grasslands
journal, July 2011

  • Petrie, Matt D.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Nippert, Jesse B.
  • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 107, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-011-0484-y

Tree-Grass Interactions in Savannas
journal, November 1997

Concurrent and antecedent soil moisture relate positively or negatively to probability of large wildfires depending on season
journal, January 2016

  • Krueger, Erik S.; Ochsner, Tyson E.; Carlson, J. D.
  • International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 25, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1071/WF15104

A synthetic review of feedbacks and drivers of shrub encroachment in arid grasslands: FEEDBACKS AND DRIVERS OF SHRUB ENCROACHMENT
journal, October 2011

  • D'Odorico, Paolo; Okin, Gregory S.; Bestelmeyer, Brandon T.
  • Ecohydrology, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/eco.259

Transpiration dynamics support resource partitioning in African savanna trees and grasses
journal, June 2015

  • Holdo, Ricardo M.; Nippert, Jesse B.
  • Ecology, Vol. 96, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1890/14-1986.1

On the separation of net ecosystem exchange into assimilation and ecosystem respiration: review and improved algorithm
journal, September 2005

Repeated burning of eastern tallgrass prairie increases richness and diversity, stabilizing late successional vegetation
journal, March 2013

  • Bowles, Marlin L.; Jones, Michael D.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 23, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1890/12-0808.1

On the stability of the atmosphere-vegetation system in the Sahara/Sahel region
journal, December 1998

  • Brovkin, Victor; Claussen, Martin; Petoukhov, Vladimir
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 103, Issue D24
  • DOI: 10.1029/1998JD200006

Coupling microscale vegetation?soil water and macroscale vegetation?precipitation feedbacks in semiarid ecosystems
journal, March 2007

Shrub encroachment in North American grasslands: shifts in growth form dominance rapidly alters control of ecosystem carbon inputs
journal, March 2008

Shrubland resilience varies across soil types: implications for operationalizing resilience in ecological restoration
journal, January 2016

  • Wonkka, Carissa L.; Twidwell, Dirac; West, Jason B.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/15-0066

Variation Among Biomes in Temporal Dynamics of Aboveground Primary Production
journal, January 2001

Influence of drought on growing season carbon and water cycling with changing land cover
journal, November 2015

A practical method for calculating largest Lyapunov exponents from small data sets
journal, May 1993

  • Rosenstein, Michael T.; Collins, James J.; De Luca, Carlo J.
  • Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, Vol. 65, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0167-2789(93)90009-P

Interannual variability in species composition explained as seasonally entrained chaos
journal, May 2009

  • Dakos, Vasilis; Benincà, Elisa; van Nes, Egbert H.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 276, Issue 1669
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0584

Assessing the Potential for Transitions from Tallgrass Prairie to Woodlands: Are We Operating Beyond Critical Fire Thresholds?
journal, July 2016

  • Ratajczak, Zak; Briggs, John M.; Goodin, Doug G.
  • Rangeland Ecology & Management, Vol. 69, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rama.2016.03.004

The stability of African savannas: insights from the indirect estimation of the parameters of a dynamic model
journal, June 2010

  • Higgins, Steven I.; Scheiter, Simon; Sankaran, Mahesh
  • Ecology, Vol. 91, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1890/08-1368.1

The role of precipitation variability on the ecohydrology of grasslands
journal, April 2011

  • Petrie, M. D.; Brunsell, N. A.
  • Ecohydrology, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/eco.224

Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
journal, May 2013

  • Kulmatiski, Andrew; Beard, Karen H.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1904

Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents
journal, January 2014

A Probabilistic Analysis of Fire‐Induced Tree‐Grass Coexistence in Savannas
journal, March 2006

  • D’Odorico, Paolo; Laio, Francesco; Ridolfi, Luca
  • The American Naturalist, Vol. 167, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/500617