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This content will become publicly available on October 23, 2018

Title: Enabling fast charging – Infrastructure and economic considerations

The ability to charge battery electric vehicles (BEVs) on a time scale that is on par with the time to fuel an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) would remove a significant barrier to the adoption of BEVs. However, for viability, fast charging at this time scale needs to also occur at a price that is acceptable to consumers. Therefore, the cost drivers for both BEV owners and charging station providers are analyzed. In addition, key infrastructure considerations are examined, including grid stability and delivery of power, the design of fast charging stations and the design and use of electric vehicle service equipment. Each of these aspects have technical barriers that need to be addressed, and are directly linked to economic impacts to use and implementation. Here, this discussion focuses on both the economic and infrastructure issues which exist and need to be addressed for the effective implementation of fast charging up to 350 kW. In doing so, it has been found that there is a distinct need to effectively manage the intermittent, high power demand of fast charging, strategically plan infrastructure corridors, and to further understand the cost of operation of charging infrastructure and BEVs.
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  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; 135370; TRN: US1703108
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC07-05ID14517
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 367; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; Extreme fast charging (XFC); Electric vehicle infrastructure; Battery electric vehicles; Demand charges; Total cost of ownership; Economics; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; High power; Infrastructure; Vehicle charging
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402501