skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on October 5, 2018

Title: Mitigating oil spills in the water column

The scale and scope of uncontrolled oil spills can be devastating. Diverse marine environments and fragile ecologies are some of the most susceptible to the many ill effects, while the economic costs can be crippling. A notoriously difficult challenge with no known technological solution is the successful removal of oil dispersed in the water column. Here, we address this problem through cheap and reusable oil sorbents based on the chemical modification of polymer foams. Interfacial chemistry was optimized and subsequently tested in a simulated marine environment at the National Oil Spill Response Research & Renewable Energy Test Facility, Ohmsett. We find favorable performance for surface oil mitigation and, for the first time, demonstrate the advanced sorbent's efficiency and efficacy at pilot scale in extraction of crude oil and refined petroleum products dispersed in the water column. As a result, this is a potentially disruptive technology, opening a new field of environmental science focused on sub-surface pollutant sequestration.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. National Oil Spill Response Research & Renewable Energy Test Facility (Ohmsett), Leonardo, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 2053-1400
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1402048