skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Transparent Electrodes for Efficient Optoelectronics

 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Institute of Microengineering (IMT) Photovoltaics and Thin Film Electronics Laboratory Rue de la Maladière 71 Neuchatel 2002 Switzerland
  2. King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) KAUST Solar Center (KSC) Thuwal 23955–6900 Saudi Arabia
  3. Applied Science and Technology Graduate Group University of California, Berkeley Berkeley CA 94720 USA
  4. Materials Sciences Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA 94720 USA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of California, Berkeley Berkeley CA 94720 USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Electronic Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Advanced Electronic Materials Journal Volume: 3 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2199-160X
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Morales‐Masis, Monica, De Wolf, Stefaan, Woods‐Robinson, Rachel, Ager, Joel W., and Ballif, Christophe. Transparent Electrodes for Efficient Optoelectronics. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Morales‐Masis, Monica, De Wolf, Stefaan, Woods‐Robinson, Rachel, Ager, Joel W., & Ballif, Christophe. Transparent Electrodes for Efficient Optoelectronics. United States.
Morales‐Masis, Monica, De Wolf, Stefaan, Woods‐Robinson, Rachel, Ager, Joel W., and Ballif, Christophe. Thu . "Transparent Electrodes for Efficient Optoelectronics". United States.
title = {Transparent Electrodes for Efficient Optoelectronics},
author = {Morales‐Masis, Monica and De Wolf, Stefaan and Woods‐Robinson, Rachel and Ager, Joel W. and Ballif, Christophe},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/aelm.201600529},
journal = {Advanced Electronic Materials},
number = 5,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 21 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells
journal, April 2007

  • Berginski, Michael; Hüpkes, Jürgen; Schulte, Melanie
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2715554

An Indium-Free Anode for Large-Area Flexible OLEDs: Defect-Free Transparent Conductive Zinc Tin Oxide
journal, December 2015

  • Morales-Masis, Monica; Dauzou, Fabien; Jeangros, Quentin
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503753

Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes
journal, November 2012

Semitransparent Organic Photovoltaic Cells with Laminated Top Electrode
journal, April 2010

  • Lee, Jung-Yong; Connor, Steve T.; Cui, Yi
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 1276-1279
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl903892x

Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays
journal, July 2004

p-type transparent conductor: Zn-doped CuAlS2
journal, February 2007

  • Liu, Min-Ling; Huang, Fu-Qiang; Chen, Li-Dong
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2591415

Doping properties of ZnO thin films for photovoltaic devices grown by URT-IP (ion plating) method
journal, March 2004

Environmental stability of high-mobility indium-oxide based transparent electrodes
journal, November 2015

  • Tohsophon, Thanaporn; Dabirian, Ali; De Wolf, Stefaan
  • APL Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4935125

Practical doping principles
journal, July 2003

Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting
journal, June 2007

  • Krames, Michael R.; Shchekin, Oleg B.; Mueller-Mach, Regina
  • Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 2, p. 160-175
  • DOI: 10.1109/JDT.2007.895339

Transparent Conducting Oxides for Photovoltaics: Manipulation of Fermi Level, Work Function and Energy Band Alignment
journal, November 2010

  • Klein, Andreas; Körber, Christoph; Wachau, André
  • Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.3390/ma3114892

Amorphous transparent conducting oxides in context: Work function survey, trends, and facile modification
journal, March 2015

Transition Metal Oxides for Organic Electronics: Energetics, Device Physics and Applications
journal, August 2012

  • Meyer, Jens; Hamwi, Sami; Kröger, Michael
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201201630

Transparent conducting oxides for electrode applications in light emitting and absorbing devices
journal, November 2010

A p-Type Amorphous Oxide Semiconductor and Room Temperature Fabrication of Amorphous Oxide p–n Heterojunction Diodes
journal, September 2003

Doped polymer semiconductors with ultrahigh and ultralow work functions for ohmic contacts
journal, November 2016

  • Tang, Cindy G.; Ang, Mervin C. Y.; Choo, Kim-Kian
  • Nature, Vol. 539, Issue 7630
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature20133

A Universal Method to Produce Low-Work Function Electrodes for Organic Electronics
journal, April 2012

Theory of Electron Band Tails and the Urbach Optical-Absorption Edge
journal, October 1986

The electrical properties of polycrystalline silicon films
journal, December 1975

  • Seto, John Y. W.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.321593

Light-induced conversion of an insulating refractory oxide into a persistent electronic conductor
journal, October 2002

  • Hayashi, Katsuro; Matsuishi, Satoru; Kamiya, Toshio
  • Nature, Vol. 419, Issue 6906
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01053

Damp heat stability and annealing behavior of aluminum doped zinc oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering
journal, July 2006

Challenges and opportunities in graphene commercialization
journal, October 2014

Highly Conductive and Transparent PEDOT:PSS Films with a Fluorosurfactant for Stretchable and Flexible Transparent Electrodes
journal, November 2011

  • Vosgueritchian, Michael; Lipomi, Darren J.; Bao, Zhenan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201101775

Anomalous Optical Absorption Limit in InSb
journal, February 1954

Electrical and structural properties of low resistivity tin‐doped indium oxide films
journal, April 1992

  • Shigesato, Yuzo; Takaki, Satoru; Haranoh, Takeshi
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 71, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.350931

Structure and electrical properties of ITO thin films deposited at high rate by facing target sputtering
journal, December 2003

Highly Robust Indium-Free Transparent Conductive Electrodes Based on Composites of Silver Nanowires and Conductive Metal Oxides
journal, November 2013

  • Zilberberg, Kirill; Gasse, Felix; Pagui, Richie
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201303108

Resistivity of polycrystalline zinc oxide films: current status and physical limit
journal, October 2001

Rough ZnO layers by LP-CVD process and their effect in improving performances of amorphous and microcrystalline silicon solar cells
journal, November 2006

Control of the Electrical Properties in Spinel Oxides by Manipulating the Cation Disorder
journal, October 2013

  • Ndione, Paul F.; Shi, Yezhou; Stevanovic, Vladan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201302535

Indium-doped molybdenum oxide as a new p-type transparent conductive oxide
journal, January 2011

  • Chen, Han-Yi; Su, Huan-Chieh; Chen, Chia-Hsiang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03815f

Wafer-scale design of lightweight and transparent electronics that wraps around hairs
journal, January 2014

  • Salvatore, Giovanni A.; Münzenrieder, Niko; Kinkeldei, Thomas
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3982

Nature of doped a-Si:H/c-Si interface recombination
journal, May 2009

  • De Wolf, Stefaan; Kondo, Michio
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3129578

P-type electrical conduction in transparent thin films of CuAlO2
journal, October 1997

  • Kawazoe, Hiroshi; Yasukawa, Masahiro; Hyodo, Hiroyuki
  • Nature, Vol. 389, Issue 6654
  • DOI: 10.1038/40087

Graphene, a promising transparent conductor
journal, March 2010

Transparent p -type conducting CuScO2+x films
journal, August 2000

  • Duan, N.; Sleight, A. W.; Jayaraj, M. K.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1289906

Electrical and optical properties of tin oxide films doped with F and (Sb+F)
journal, March 1982

  • Shanthi, E.; Banerjee, A.; Dutta, V.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.330619

Scalable Coating and Properties of Transparent, Flexible, Silver Nanowire Electrodes
journal, March 2010

  • Hu, Liangbing; Kim, Han Sun; Lee, Jung-Yong
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 5, p. 2955-2963
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn1005232

Transparent Conducting Oxides for Photovoltaics
journal, March 2007

  • Fortunato, Elvira; Ginley, David; Hosono, Hideo
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 32, Issue 03, p. 242-247
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs2007.29

The Long-Wavelength Edge of Photographic Sensitivity and of the Electronic Absorption of Solids
journal, December 1953

Versatile Metal Nanowiring Platform for Large-Scale Nano- and Opto-Electronic Devices
journal, August 2016

  • Lee, Yeongjun; Min, Sung-Yong; Kim, Tae-Sik
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201602855

Thermal power at a substrate during ZnO:Al thin film deposition in a planar magnetron sputtering system
journal, September 1997

  • Wendt, R.; Ellmer, K.; Wiesemann, K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.366092

Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions
journal, February 2012

  • Garnett, Erik C.; Cai, Wenshan; Cha, Judy J.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3238

A scheme of simultaneous cationic–anionic substitution in CuCrO 2 for transparent and superior p -type transport
journal, June 2016

Search for improved transparent conducting oxides: A fundamental investigation of CdO, Cd2SnO4, and Zn2SnO4
journal, November 2000

  • Coutts, T. J.; Young, D. L.; Li, X.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.1290371

Li-Doped Cr 2 MnO 4 : A New p-Type Transparent Conducting Oxide by Computational Materials Design
journal, May 2013

  • Peng, Haowei; Zakutayev, Andriy; Lany, Stephan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201300807

Nanocrystalline Silicon Carrier Collectors for Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells and Impact on Low-Temperature Device Characteristics
journal, November 2016

Organic Photovoltaic Devices Using Highly Flexible Reduced Graphene Oxide Films as Transparent Electrodes
journal, August 2010

  • Yin, Zongyou; Sun, Shuangyong; Salim, Teddy
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn1015874

Tandem Solar Cells Based on High-Efficiency c-Si Bottom Cells: Top Cell Requirements for >30% Efficiency
journal, January 2014

Perovskite Sr-Doped LaCrO 3 as a New p-Type Transparent Conducting Oxide
journal, August 2015

  • Zhang, Kelvin H. L.; Du, Yingge; Papadogianni, Alexandra
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201501959

Oxide electrochromics: An introduction to devices and materials
journal, April 2012

n-Type doped transparent conducting binary oxides: an overview
journal, January 2016

  • Dixon, Sebastian C.; Scanlon, David O.; Carmalt, Claire J.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 4, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TC01881E

Exploring Electro-active Functionality of Transparent Oxide Materials
journal, September 2013

Metal-nanostructures – a modern and powerful platform to create transparent electrodes for thin-film photovoltaics
journal, January 2016

  • Zilberberg, Kirill; Riedl, Thomas
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA05286J

High mobility transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 thin films prepared at low substrate temperature and its application to solar cells
journal, March 2014

Highly Conductive PEDOT:PSS Electrode with Optimized Solvent and Thermal Post-Treatment for ITO-Free Organic Solar Cells
journal, February 2011

  • Kim, Yong Hyun; Sachse, Christoph; Machala, Michael L.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201002290

Magnesium, nitrogen codoped Cr 2 O 3 : A p-type transparent conducting oxide
journal, September 2011

  • Arca, E.; Fleischer, K.; Shvets, I. V.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3638461

General mobility and carrier concentration relationship in transparent amorphous indium zinc oxide films
journal, March 2008

  • Leenheer, Andrew J.; Perkins, John D.; van Hest, Maikel F. A. M.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 77, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.115215

High-mobility hydrogen-doped In2O3In2O3 transparent conductive oxide for a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells
journal, June 2009

Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes
journal, March 2005

Novel oxide amorphous semiconductors: transparent conducting amorphous oxides
journal, August 1996

Chlorinated Indium Tin Oxide Electrodes with High Work Function for Organic Device Compatibility
journal, April 2011

Damage at hydrogenated amorphous/crystalline silicon interfaces by indium tin oxide overlayer sputtering
journal, October 2012

  • Demaurex, Bénédicte; De Wolf, Stefaan; Descoeudres, Antoine
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 101, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4764529

Humidity assisted annealing technique for transparent conductive silver nanowire networks
journal, January 2015

  • Weiß, Nelli; Müller-Meskamp, Lars; Selzer, Franz
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA01303H

A re-evaluation of transparent conductor requirements for thin-film solar cells
journal, January 2016

  • Jacobs, Daniel A.; Catchpole, Kylie R.; Beck, Fiona J.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA01670G

State of the art in large area vacuum coatings on glass
journal, August 1999

Material characteristics and applications of transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors
journal, January 2010

Sputtered rear electrode with broadband transparency for perovskite solar cells
journal, October 2015

Organic Light-Emitting Diodes on Solution-Processed Graphene Transparent Electrodes
journal, November 2009

  • Wu, Junbo; Agrawal, Mukul; Becerril, Héctor A.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn900728d

Hydrogenated indium oxide window layers for high-efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 solar cells
journal, May 2015

  • Jäger, Timo; Romanyuk, Yaroslav E.; Nishiwaki, Shiro
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921445

Degradation of polymer films
journal, January 2013

Control of CVD-deposited ZnO films properties through water/DEZ ratio: Decoupling of electrode morphology and electrical characteristics
journal, October 2012

Highly Stretchable and Highly Conductive Metal Electrode by Very Long Metal Nanowire Percolation Network
journal, May 2012

  • Lee, Phillip; Lee, Jinhwan; Lee, Hyungman
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 25, p. 3326-3332
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201200359

Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes
journal, January 2009

Solution processed metal-oxides for organic electronic devices
journal, January 2013

  • Zilberberg, Kirill; Meyer, Jens; Riedl, Thomas
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 1, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3tc30930d

Tuning the Optoelectronic Properties of ZnO:Al by Addition of Silica for Light Trapping in High-Efficiency Crystalline Si Solar Cells
journal, November 2015

  • Dabirian, Ali; Martin de Nicolas, Silvia; Niesen, Bjoern
  • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 3, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201500462

Phosphorene: An Unexplored 2D Semiconductor with a High Hole Mobility
journal, March 2014

  • Liu, Han; Neal, Adam T.; Zhu, Zhen
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn501226z

Opto-electronic properties of rough LP-CVD ZnO:B for use as TCO in thin-film silicon solar cells
journal, October 2007

Organic light emitting diodes with environmentally and thermally stable doped graphene electrodes
journal, January 2014

  • Kuruvila, Arun; Kidambi, Piran R.; Kling, Jens
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 2, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TC01224K

Atomic-Layer-Deposited Transparent Electrodes for Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells
journal, November 2014

Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells With Copper-Plated Grid Electrodes: Status and Comparison With Silver Thick-Film Techniques
journal, July 2014

Optical and electrical properties of radio frequency sputtered tin oxide films doped with oxygen vacancies, F, Sb, or Mo
journal, September 1994

  • Stjerna, B.; Olsson, E.; Granqvist, C. G.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 76, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.357383

Transparent Conducting Oxides
journal, August 2000

How Does Chemistry Influence Electron Effective Mass in Oxides? A High-Throughput Computational Analysis
journal, September 2014

  • Hautier, Geoffroy; Miglio, Anna; Waroquiers, David
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm404079a

Transparent conducting F-doped SnO2 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition
journal, June 2008

p -type conductivity in CuCr1−xMgxO2 films and powders
journal, June 2001

  • Nagarajan, R.; Draeseke, A. D.; Sleight, A. W.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1372636

Tailoring the surface morphology of zinc oxide films for high-performance micromorph solar cells
journal, September 2014

Efficient Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cell with Cell Area >1 cm 2
journal, December 2015

  • Werner, Jérémie; Weng, Ching-Hsun; Walter, Arnaud
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b02686

In Situ Hall Effect Monitoring of Vacuum Annealing of In2O3:H Thin Films
journal, February 2015

  • Wardenga, Hans; Frischbier, Mareike; Morales-Masis, Monica
  • Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3390/ma8020561

Large area glass coating
journal, February 1999

TCO/metal/TCO structures for energy and flexible electronics
journal, October 2011

Mechanical integrity of hybrid indium-free electrodes for flexible devices
journal, August 2016

Transition between grain boundary and intragrain scattering transport mechanisms in boron-doped zinc oxide thin films
journal, April 2007

  • Steinhauser, J.; Faÿ, S.; Oliveira, N.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2719158

TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells
journal, December 2004

Highly Transparent and Conductive ZnO: Al Thin Films from a Low Temperature Aqueous Solution Approach
journal, October 2013

  • Hagendorfer, Harald; Lienau, Karla; Nishiwaki, Shiro
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303186

Karl Bädeker (1877-1914) and the discovery of transparent conductive materials: Karl Bädeker
journal, April 2015

Transparent Ultrathin Oxygen-Doped Silver Electrodes for Flexible Organic Solar Cells
journal, November 2013

  • Wang, Wei; Song, Myungkwan; Bae, Tae-Sung
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201301359

Effect of oxygen intercalation on properties of sputtered CuYO2 for potential use as p-type transparent conducting films
journal, February 2008

Electrical and Optical Properties of Transparent Conducting p -Type SrTiO 3 Thin Films
journal, October 2015

  • Huang, Wei; Nechache, Riad; Li, Shun
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 99, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13949

Low temperature remote plasma sputtering of indium tin oxide for flexible display applications
journal, December 2009

Degenerate p-type conductivity in wide-gap LaCuOS1−xSex (x=0–1) epitaxial films
journal, February 2003

  • Hiramatsu, Hidenori; Ueda, Kazushige; Ohta, Hiromichi
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 82, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1544643

Annealing-free, flexible silver nanowire–polymer composite electrodes via a continuous two-step spray-coating method
journal, January 2013

  • Choi, Dong Yun; Kang, Hyun Wook; Sung, Hyung Jin
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C2NR32221H

Graphene: Status and Prospects
journal, June 2009

Mapping the Electrical Properties of ZnO-Based Transparent Conductive Oxides Grown at Room Temperature and Improved by Controlled Postdeposition Annealing
journal, November 2015

  • Lyubchyk, Andriy; Vicente, António; Soule, Bertrand
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201500287

The role of amorphous silicon and tunneling in heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer (HIT) solar cells
journal, May 2009

  • Kanevce, Ana; Metzger, Wyatt K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3106642

Solution processing of transparent conductors: from flask to film
journal, January 2011

  • Pasquarelli, Robert M.; Ginley, David S.; O'Hayre, Ryan
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 40, Issue 11, p. 5406-5441
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1cs15065k

ZnO Schottky barriers and Ohmic contacts
journal, June 2011

  • Brillson, Leonard J.; Lu, Yicheng
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3581173

Design of Transparent Anodes for Resonant Cavity Enhanced Light Harvesting in Organic Solar Cells
journal, January 2012

  • Sergeant, Nicholas P.; Hadipour, Afshin; Niesen, Bjoern
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104273

Improved electrical transport in Al-doped zinc oxide by thermal treatment
journal, January 2010

  • Ruske, F.; Roczen, M.; Lee, K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 107, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3269721

Solution-Processed Metal Nanowire Mesh Transparent Electrodes
journal, February 2008

  • Lee, Jung-Yong; Connor, Stephen T.; Cui, Yi
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 2, p. 689-692
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl073296g

High-Density Electron Anions in a Nanoporous Single Crystal: [Ca24Al28O64]4+(4e-)
journal, August 2003

Organic–inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells
journal, January 2015

  • Löper, Philipp; Moon, Soo-Jin; Martín de Nicolas, Sílvia
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP03788J

Amorphous and crystalline In 2 O 3 -based transparent conducting films for photovoltaics : In
journal, September 2016

Zinc tin oxide as high-temperature stable recombination layer for mesoscopic perovskite/silicon monolithic tandem solar cells
journal, December 2016

  • Werner, Jérémie; Walter, Arnaud; Rucavado, Esteban
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4971361

p -type conductivity in wide-band-gap BaCuQF (Q=S,Se)
journal, April 2003

  • Yanagi, Hiroshi; Tate, Janet; Park, Sangmoon
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 82, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1571224

Relaxing the Conductivity/Transparency Trade-Off in MOCVD ZnO Thin Films by Hydrogen Plasma
journal, May 2013

  • Ding, Laura; Nicolay, Sylvain; Steinhauser, Jérôme
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201203541

Storing energy in plastics: a review on conducting polymers & their role in electrochemical energy storage
journal, January 2015

  • Abdelhamid, Muhammad E.; O'Mullane, Anthony P.; Snook, Graeme A.
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA15947K

Increasing Polycrystalline Zinc Oxide Grain Size by Control of Film Preferential Orientation
journal, November 2015

  • Fanni, Lorenzo; Aebersold, A. Brian; Morales-Masis, Monica
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 15, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.5b01299

Parasitic Absorption Reduction in Metal Oxide-Based Transparent Electrodes: Application in Perovskite Solar Cells
journal, June 2016

  • Werner, Jérémie; Geissbühler, Jonas; Dabirian, Ali
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b04425

Correlation between oxygen stoichiometry, structure, and opto-electrical properties in amorphous In 2 O 3 :H films
journal, March 2012

  • Koida, Takashi; Shibata, Hajime; Kondo, Michio
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3696978

Cerium oxide and hydrogen co-doped indium oxide films for high-efficiency silicon heterojunction solar cells
journal, May 2016

Effect of the thin-film limit on the measurable optical properties of graphene
journal, October 2015

  • Holovský, Jakub; Nicolay, Sylvain; De Wolf, Stefaan
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep15684

Graphene photonics and optoelectronics
journal, August 2010

Infrared transparent spinel films with p-type conductivity
journal, November 2001

Semi-transparent perovskite solar cells for tandems with silicon and CIGS
journal, January 2015

  • Bailie, Colin D.; Christoforo, M. Greyson; Mailoa, Jonathan P.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE03322A

High mobility transparent conducting oxides for thin film solar cells
journal, January 2010

CH_3NH_3PbI_3 perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations
journal, January 2015

  • Filipič, Miha; Löper, Philipp; Niesen, Bjoern
  • Optics Express, Vol. 23, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.23.00A263

P-Type Transparent Cu-Alloyed ZnS Deposited at Room Temperature
journal, March 2016

  • Woods-Robinson, Rachel; Cooper, Jason K.; Xu, Xiaojie
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201500396

Comparing the Fundamental Physics and Device Performance of Transparent, Conductive Nanostructured Networks with Conventional Transparent Conducting Oxides
journal, January 2012

  • Barnes, Teresa M.; Reese, Matthew O.; Bergeson, Jeremy D.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100608

Hydrogen-doped indium oxide/indium tin oxide bilayers for high-efficiency silicon heterojunction solar cells
journal, August 2013

Criteria for Choosing Transparent Conductors
journal, August 2000

Transparent conductors—A status review
journal, April 1983

Record Infrared Internal Quantum Efficiency in Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells With Dielectric/Metal Rear Reflectors
journal, October 2013

  • Holman, Zachary C.; Descoeudres, Antoine; De Wolf, Stefaan
  • IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2013.2276484

Carbon Nanotubes: Present and Future Commercial Applications
journal, January 2013

  • De Volder, Michael F. L.; Tawfick, Sameh H.; Baughman, Ray H.
  • Science, Vol. 339, Issue 6119
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1222453

High-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells: status and perspectives
journal, January 2016

  • Battaglia, Corsin; Cuevas, Andres; De Wolf, Stefaan
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE03380B

Synthesis of nanocrystalline Cu deficient CuCrO 2 – a high figure of merit p-type transparent semiconductor
journal, January 2016

  • Farrell, Leo; Norton, Emma; Smith, Christopher M.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TC03161C

Room-temperature synthesized copper iodide thin film as degenerate p-type transparent conductor with a boosted figure of merit
journal, November 2016

  • Yang, Chang; Kneiβ, Max; Lorenz, Michael
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1613643113

The Interpretation of the Properties of Indium Antimonide
journal, October 1954

Comparison of Cell Performance of ZnS(O,OH)/CIGS Solar Cells With UV-Assisted MOCVD-ZnO:B and Sputter-Deposited ZnO:Al Window Layers
journal, July 2013

A Transparent, Flexible, Low-Temperature, and Solution-Processible Graphene Composite Electrode
journal, July 2010

  • Chang, Haixin; Wang, Guangfeng; Yang, An
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201000900

High-Mobility Bismuth-based Transparent p -Type Oxide from High-Throughput Material Screening
journal, December 2015

Transparent Conductive Coatings by Printing Coffee Ring Arrays Obtained at Room Temperature
journal, October 2009

  • Layani, Michael; Gruchko, Michael; Milo, Oded
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn901239z

Transparent electrode requirements for thin film solar cell modules
journal, January 2011

  • Rowell, Michael W.; McGehee, Michael D.
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00373E

Optoelectronic properties of Cu1−xPtxFeO2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) delafossite for p-type transparent conducting oxide
journal, January 2012

  • Ruttanapun, Chesta; Prachamon, Wutthisak; Wichainchai, Aree
  • Current Applied Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cap.2011.05.028

Flexible and Stretchable Optoelectronic Devices using Silver Nanowires and Graphene
journal, January 2016

Recent Advances in Two-Dimensional Materials beyond Graphene
journal, October 2015

All Solution-Processed Chalcogenide Solar Cells - from Single Functional Layers Towards a 13.8% Efficient CIGS Device
journal, September 2014

  • Romanyuk, Yaroslav E.; Hagendorfer, Harald; Stücheli, Patrick
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201402288

Emerging Transparent Electrodes Based on Thin Films of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Metallic Nanostructures
journal, February 2011

  • Hecht, David S.; Hu, Liangbing; Irvin, Glen
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 13, p. 1482-1513
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201003188

Low-Temperature Solution Processing of Graphene−Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Materials for High-Performance Transparent Conductors
journal, May 2009

  • Tung, Vincent C.; Chen, Li-Min; Allen, Matthew J.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl9001525

Identification and design principles of low hole effective mass p-type transparent conducting oxides
journal, August 2013

  • Hautier, Geoffroy; Miglio, Anna; Ceder, Gerbrand
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3292

Electron Scattering and Doping Mechanisms in Solid-Phase-Crystallized In 2 O 3 :H Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition
journal, July 2015

  • Macco, Bart; Knoops, Harm C. M.; Kessels, Wilhelmus M. M.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b04420

Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency
journal, January 2016

  • Saliba, Michael; Matsui, Taisuke; Seo, Ji-Youn
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE03874J

Electrical and optical properties of boron‐doped ZnO thin films for solar cells grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
journal, December 1991

  • Wenas, Wilson W.; Yamada, Akira; Takahashi, Kiyoshi
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 70, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.349794

Efficient and bright organic light-emitting diodes on single-layer graphene electrodes
journal, August 2013

  • Li, Ning; Oida, Satoshi; Tulevski, George S.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3294

Characterization of FeCl 3 Intercalation Doped CVD Few-Layer Graphene
journal, September 2016

  • Liu, Wei; Kang, Jiahao; Banerjee, Kaustav
  • IEEE Electron Device Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1109/LED.2016.2597099

Metal oxides for optoelectronic applications
journal, March 2016

  • Yu, Xinge; Marks, Tobin J.; Facchetti, Antonio
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4599

Low-temperature-processed efficient semi-transparent planar perovskite solar cells for bifacial and tandem applications
journal, November 2015

  • Fu, Fan; Feurer, Thomas; Jäger, Timo
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9932

Towards woven logic from organic electronic fibres
journal, April 2007

  • Hamedi, Mahiar; Forchheimer, Robert; Inganäs, Olle
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 5, p. 357-362
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1884

A roadmap for graphene
journal, October 2012

  • Novoselov, K. S.; Fal′ko, V. I.; Colombo, L.
  • Nature, Vol. 490, Issue 7419
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11458

Electronic Textiles Charge Ahead
journal, August 2003

Highly Conductive and Stretchable Silver Nanowire Conductors
journal, July 2012

Solar cell contact resistance—A review
journal, May 1984

  • Schroder, D. K.; Meier, D. L.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 31, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/T-ED.1984.21583

Low-Temperature High-Mobility Amorphous IZO for Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells
journal, September 2015

  • Morales-Masis, Monica; Martin De Nicolas, Silvia; Holovsky, Jakub
  • IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2015.2450993

Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature
journal, January 2016

  • Albrecht, Steve; Saliba, Michael; Correa Baena, Juan Pablo
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE02965A

High-Performance, Transparent, and Stretchable Electrodes Using Graphene–Metal Nanowire Hybrid Structures
journal, May 2013

  • Lee, Mi-Sun; Lee, Kyongsoo; Kim, So-Yun
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl401070p

Infrared light management in high-efficiency silicon heterojunction and rear-passivated solar cells
journal, January 2013

  • Holman, Zachary C.; Filipič, Miha; Descoeudres, Antoine
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4772975

Effect of Annealing Temperature on Film Morphology of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Pervoskite Solid-State Solar Cells
journal, February 2014

  • Dualeh, Amalie; Tétreault, Nicolas; Moehl, Thomas
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 21, p. 3250-3258
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201304022

Fused Silver Nanowires with Metal Oxide Nanoparticles and Organic Polymers for Highly Transparent Conductors
journal, November 2011

  • Zhu, Rui; Chung, Choong-Heui; Cha, Kitty C.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn203576v

Effectively Transparent Front Contacts for Optoelectronic Devices
journal, June 2016

  • Saive, Rebecca; Borsuk, Aleca M.; Emmer, Hal S.
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600252

Inverse design approach to hole doping in ternary oxides: Enhancing p -type conductivity in cobalt oxide spinels
journal, November 2011

The Remarkable Thermal Stability of Amorphous In-Zn-O Transparent Conductors
journal, October 2008

  • Taylor, Matthew P.; Readey, Dennis W.; van Hest, Maikel F. A. M.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200700604

Metal Oxide Induced Charge Transfer Doping and Band Alignment of Graphene Electrodes for Efficient Organic Light Emitting Diodes
journal, June 2014

  • Meyer, Jens; Kidambi, Piran R.; Bayer, Bernhard C.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep05380

Thin-film metal oxides in organic semiconductor devices: their electronic structures, work functions and interfaces
journal, July 2013

  • Greiner, Mark T.; Lu, Zheng-Hong
  • NPG Asia Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/am.2013.29