skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: In situ upgrading of whole biomass to biofuel precursors with low average molecular weight and acidity by the use of zeolite mixture

The pyrolysis of whole biomass—pine wood and bark—with mordenite (M), beta (β) and Y zeolites has been examined at 600°C. The GPC results indicated that the pyrolysis oils upgraded by Y and β zeolites have a very low average molecular weight range (70–170 g mol –1). Several NMR methods have been employed to characterize the whole portion of pyrolysis products. After the use of these two zeolites (Y and β), the two main products from the pyrolysis of cellulose—levoglucosan and HMF—were eliminated; this indicates a significant deoxygenation process. When a mixture of zeolites (Y and M) was used, the upgraded pyrolysis oil exhibited advantages provided by both zeolites; this pyrolysis oil represents a biofuel precursor that has a very low average molecular weight and a relatively low acidity. Finally, this study opens up a new way to upgrade pyrolysis oils by employing mixtures of different functional zeolites to produce biofuel/biochemical precursors from whole biomass.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 91; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS
OSTI Identifier:
1399954