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Title: Sealing glass-ceramics with near-linear thermal strain, part III: Stress modeling of strain and strain rate matched glass-ceramic to metal seals

Thermal mechanical stresses of glass-ceramic to stainless steel (GCtSS) seals are analyzed using finite element modeling over a temperature cycle from a set temperature (T set) 500°C to -55°C, and then back to 600°C. There are two glass-ceramics that have an identical coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) at ~16 ppm/°C but have very different linearity of thermal strains, designated as near-linear NL16 and step-like SL16, and were formed from the same parent glass using different crystallization processes. Stress modeling reveals much higher plastic strain in the stainless steel using SL16 glass-ceramic when the GCtSS seal cools from T set. Upon heating tensile stresses start to develop at the GC-SS interface before the temperature reaches T set. On the other hand, the much lower plastic deformation in stainless steel accumulated during cooling using NL16 glass-ceramic allows for radially compressive stress at the GC-SS interface to remain present when the seal is heated back to T set. Finally, the qualitative stress comparison suggests that with a better match of thermal strain rate to that of stainless steel, the NL16 glass-ceramic not only improves the hermeticity of the GCtSS seals, but would also improve the reliability of the seals exposed to high-temperature and/ormore » high-pressure abnormal environments.« less
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  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820; 648180
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820
American Ceramic Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; glass-ceramics; modeling/model; strain; stress; thermal expansion
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1373821