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Title: Toward Exascale Earthquake Ground Motion Simulations for Near-Fault Engineering Analysis

Modernizing SW4 for massively parallel time-domain simulations of earthquake ground motions in 3D earth models increases resolution and provides ground motion estimates for critical infrastructure risk evaluations. Simulations of ground motions from large (M ≥ 7.0) earthquakes require domains on the order of 100 to500 km and spatial granularity on the order of 1 to5 m resulting in hundreds of billions of grid points. Surface-focused structured mesh refinement (SMR) allows for more constant grid point per wavelength scaling in typical Earth models, where wavespeeds increase with depth. In fact, MR allows for simulations to double the frequency content relative to a fixed grid calculation on a given resource. The authors report improvements to the SW4 algorithm developed while porting the code to the Cori Phase 2 (Intel Xeon Phi) systems at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. As a result, investigations of the performance of the innermost loop of the calculations found that reorganizing the order of operations can improve performance for massive problems.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-731165
Journal ID: ISSN 1521-9615; TRN: US1702849
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Computing in Science and Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1521-9615
Publisher:
IEEE
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; 58 GEOSCIENCES; computational seismology; structural mechanics; earthquake simulations; exascale computing; scientific computing
OSTI Identifier:
1399737