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Title: Novel diamond cells for neutron diffraction using multi-carat CVD anvils

Traditionally, neutron diffraction at high pressure has been severely limited in pressure because low neutron flux required large sample volumes and therefore large volume presses. At the high-flux Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, we have developed in this paper new, large-volume diamond anvil cells for neutron diffraction. The main features of these cells are multi-carat, single crystal chemical vapor deposition diamonds, very large diffraction apertures, and gas membranes to accommodate pressure stability, especially upon cooling. A new cell has been tested for diffraction up to 40 GPa with an unprecedented sample volume of ~0.15 mm 3. High quality spectra were obtained in 1 h for crystalline Ni and in ~8 h for disordered glassy carbon. Finally, these new techniques will open the way for routine megabar neutron diffraction experiments.
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; SC0001057; ­SC0001057
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); ORNL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; diamond; neutron diffraction; biological physics; metalloids; chemical compounds
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1375502; OSTI ID: 1394410