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Title: 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage

The family of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides (collectively referred to as MXenes) has expanded rapidly since the discovery of Ti 3C 2 in 2011. The materials reported so far always have surface terminations, such as hydroxyl, oxygen or fluorine, which impart hydrophilicity to their surfaces. About 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, and the structures and properties of dozens more have been theoretically predicted. Furthermore, the availability of solid solutions, the control of surface terminations and a recent discovery of multi-transition-metal layered MXenes offer the potential for synthesis of many new structures. The versatile chemistry of MXenes allows the tuning of properties for applications including energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, reinforcement for composites, water purification, gas- and biosensors, lubrication, and photo-, electro- and chemical catalysis. Attractive electronic, optical, plasmonic and thermoelectric properties have also been shown. Here, we present the synthesis, structure and properties of MXenes, as well as their energy storage and related applications, and an outlook for future research.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Inst., Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Reviews. Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; batteries; two-dimensional materials
OSTI Identifier:
1399374