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Title: 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage

Abstract

The family of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides (collectively referred to as MXenes) has expanded rapidly since the discovery of Ti3C2 in 2011. The materials reported so far always have surface terminations, such as hydroxyl, oxygen or fluorine, which impart hydrophilicity to their surfaces. About 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, and the structures and properties of dozens more have been theoretically predicted. Furthermore, the availability of solid solutions, the control of surface terminations and a recent discovery of multi-transition-metal layered MXenes offer the potential for synthesis of many new structures. The versatile chemistry of MXenes allows the tuning of properties for applications including energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, reinforcement for composites, water purification, gas- and biosensors, lubrication, and photo-, electro- and chemical catalysis. Attractive electronic, optical, plasmonic and thermoelectric properties have also been shown. Here, we present the synthesis, structure and properties of MXenes, as well as their energy storage and related applications, and an outlook for future research.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Inst., Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1399374
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Reviews. Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; batteries; two-dimensional materials

Citation Formats

Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., and Gogotsi, Yury. 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98.
Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., & Gogotsi, Yury. 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98
Anasori, Babak, Lukatskaya, Maria R., and Gogotsi, Yury. Tue . "2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1399374.
@article{osti_1399374,
title = {2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage},
author = {Anasori, Babak and Lukatskaya, Maria R. and Gogotsi, Yury},
abstractNote = {The family of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides (collectively referred to as MXenes) has expanded rapidly since the discovery of Ti3C2 in 2011. The materials reported so far always have surface terminations, such as hydroxyl, oxygen or fluorine, which impart hydrophilicity to their surfaces. About 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, and the structures and properties of dozens more have been theoretically predicted. Furthermore, the availability of solid solutions, the control of surface terminations and a recent discovery of multi-transition-metal layered MXenes offer the potential for synthesis of many new structures. The versatile chemistry of MXenes allows the tuning of properties for applications including energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, reinforcement for composites, water purification, gas- and biosensors, lubrication, and photo-, electro- and chemical catalysis. Attractive electronic, optical, plasmonic and thermoelectric properties have also been shown. Here, we present the synthesis, structure and properties of MXenes, as well as their energy storage and related applications, and an outlook for future research.},
doi = {10.1038/natrevmats.2016.98},
journal = {Nature Reviews. Materials},
number = 2,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201814349

    Facile Solution Processing of Stable MXene Dispersions towards Conductive Composite Fibers
    journal, July 2019

    • Seyedin, Shayan; Zhang, Jizhen; Usman, Ken Aldren S.
    • Global Challenges, Vol. 3, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/gch2.201900037

    MOF Derived High Surface Area Enabled Porous Co 3 O 4 Nanoparticles for Supercapacitors
    journal, July 2019


    Beyond Graphene Anode Materials for Emerging Metal Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors
    journal, October 2018


    A universal approach for the synthesis of two-dimensional binary compounds
    journal, July 2019

    • Shivayogimath, Abhay; Thomsen, Joachim Dahl; Mackenzie, David M. A.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-11075-2

    Thickness-independent capacitance of vertically aligned liquid-crystalline MXenes
    journal, May 2018


    High-capacitance Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene obtained by etching submicron Ti 3 AlC 2 grains grown in molten salt
    journal, January 2018

    • Cui, Cong; Hu, Minmin; Zhang, Chao
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 58
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cc04350g

    Morphology-dependent third-order optical nonlinearity of a 2D Co-based metal–organic framework with a porphyrinic skeleton
    journal, January 2019

    • Niu, Ru-Jie; Zhou, Wen-Fa; Liu, Yan
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc01363f

    Quick mass-production of MAX (Ti 2 AlC) book with pages separated by stacking faults benefiting removal of “A” layer
    journal, January 2019

    • Wu, Chaozhong; Qi, Ruifeng; Zhang, Xiong
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 52
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc04105b

    Theory-guided materials design: two-dimensional MXenes in electro- and photocatalysis
    journal, January 2019

    • Handoko, Albertus D.; Steinmann, Stephan N.; Seh, Zhi Wei
    • Nanoscale Horizons, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nh00100j

    Exploring the microscopic mechanism of pseudocapacitance with electronic structures in monolayer 1T-MoS 2 electrodes for supercapacitors
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhang, Zhenzhou; Wu, Maokun; Wang, Lijing
    • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 3, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9qm00060g

    Faradaic reactions in capacitive deionization for desalination and ion separation
    journal, January 2019

    • Yu, Fei; Wang, Lei; Wang, Ying
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta01264h

    A new paradigm of ultrathin 2D nanomaterial adsorbents in aqueous media: graphene and GO, MoS 2 , MXenes, and 2D MOFs
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhao, Pin; Jian, Meipeng; Zhang, Qi
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02935d

    Deep insights into the exfoliation properties of MAX to MXenes and the hydrogen evolution performances of 2D MXenes
    journal, January 2019

    • Cheng, Yuwen; Wang, Lijuan; Song, Yan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03859k

    Recent progress in Co 9 S 8 -based materials for hydrogen and oxygen electrocatalysis
    journal, January 2019

    • Dong, Dongqi; Wu, Zexing; Wang, Jie
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta04972j

    Low-temperature growth of epitaxial Ti 2 AlC MAX phase thin films by low-rate layer-by-layer PVD
    journal, March 2019


    Controlled synthesis of 2D Mo 2 C/graphene heterostructure on liquid Au substrates as enhanced electrocatalytic electrodes
    journal, July 2019


    Topologically protected states and half-metal behaviors: Defect-strain synergy effects in two-dimensional antimonene
    journal, July 2019


    Photodynamic Therapy Based on Graphene and MXene in Cancer Theranostics
    journal, October 2019

    • Gazzi, Arianna; Fusco, Laura; Khan, Anooshay
    • Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Vol. 7
    • DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2019.00295

    Facile and Robust Solvothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline CuInS2 Thin Films
    journal, June 2018

    • Frank, Anna; Grunwald, Jan; Breitbach, Benjamin
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 8, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano8060405

    Nanogenerators as a Sustainable Power Source: State of Art, Applications, and Challenges
    journal, May 2019

    • Sripadmanabhan Indira, Sridhar; Aravind Vaithilingam, Chockalingam; Oruganti, Kameswara Satya Prakash
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9050773

    Functionalization of MXene Nanosheets for Polystyrene towards High Thermal Stability and Flame Retardant Properties
    journal, June 2019


    Are MXenes suitable as cathode materials for rechargeable Mg batteries?
    journal, January 2020

    • Kaland, Henning; Hadler-Jacobsen, Jacob; Fagerli, Frode Håskjold
    • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 4, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/d0se00087f

    Facile and Robust Solvothermal Synthesis of Nanocrystalline CuInS2 Thin Films
    text, January 2018


    Emerging Soft Conductors for Bioelectronic Interfaces
    journal, November 2019

    • Gao, Dace; Parida, Kaushik; Lee, Pooi See
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 29
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201907184

    MXene‐Derived Ferroelectric Crystals
    journal, February 2019


    Beyond Gold: Spin‐Coated Ti 3 C 2 ‐Based MXene Photodetectors
    journal, September 2019

    • Montazeri, Kiana; Currie, Marc; Verger, Louisiane
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 43
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201903271

    MXene‐Based Dendrite‐Free Potassium Metal Batteries
    journal, November 2019


    Electromagnetic Shielding of Monolayer MXene Assemblies
    journal, January 2020


    H‐/dT‐MoS 2 ‐on‐MXene Heterostructures as Promising 2D Anode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Insights from First Principles
    journal, May 2019

    • Shao, Yangfan; Gong, Penglai; Pan, Hui
    • Advanced Theory and Simulations, Vol. 2, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/adts.201900045

    The Rise of 2D Photothermal Materials beyond Graphene for Clean Water Production
    journal, January 2020


    Ultrastrong and Highly Conductive MXene‐Based Films for High‐Performance Electromagnetic Interference Shielding
    journal, November 2019

    • Liu, Ji; Liu, Zhangshuo; Zhang, Hao‐Bin
    • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201901094

    Self-Assemble and In Situ Formation of Ni 1− x Fe x PS 3 Nanomosaic-Decorated MXene Hybrids for Overall Water Splitting
    journal, August 2018

    • Du, Cheng-Feng; Dinh, Khang Ngoc; Liang, Qinghua
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801127

    MXene-Conducting Polymer Asymmetric Pseudocapacitors
    journal, December 2018


    Atomic Sn 4+ Decorated into Vanadium Carbide MXene Interlayers for Superior Lithium Storage
    journal, December 2018

    • Wang, Changda; Chen, Shuangming; Xie, Hui
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201802977

    A New View of Supercapacitors: Integrated Supercapacitors
    journal, August 2019

    • Zhu, Qiancheng; Zhao, Danyang; Cheng, Mingyu
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 36
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201901081

    Antimonene Engineered Highly Deformable Freestanding Electrode with Extraordinarily Improved Energy Storage Performance
    journal, October 2019


    MoS 2 -on-MXene Heterostructures as Highly Reversible Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries
    journal, January 2018


    Tuning the Electrochemical Performance of Titanium Carbide MXene by Controllable In Situ Anodic Oxidation
    journal, October 2019

    • Tang, Jun; Mathis, Tyler S.; Kurra, Narendra
    • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 131, Issue 49
    • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201911604

    Ultrathin Titanate Nanosheets/Graphene Films Derived from Confined Transformation for Excellent Na/K Ion Storage
    journal, June 2018

    • Zeng, Cheng; Xie, Fangxi; Yang, Xianfeng
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201803511

    Fluoride‐Free Synthesis of Two‐Dimensional Titanium Carbide (MXene) Using A Binary Aqueous System
    journal, November 2018

    • Yang, Sheng; Zhang, Panpan; Wang, Faxing
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 47
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201809662

    Two‐Dimensional Conjugated Aromatic Networks as High‐Site‐Density and Single‐Atom Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
    journal, September 2019

    • Yang, Shaoxuan; Yu, Yihuan; Dou, Meiling
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201908023

    Tuning the Electrochemical Performance of Titanium Carbide MXene by Controllable In Situ Anodic Oxidation
    journal, December 2019

    • Tang, Jun; Mathis, Tyler S.; Kurra, Narendra
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 49
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201911604

    Preparation and electrochemical performance of modified Ti 3 C 2 T x /polypyrrole composites
    journal, September 2018

    • Cao, J.; Han, Y.; Zheng, X.
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 136, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.47003

    Surface Functional Groups and Electrochemical Behavior in Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Delaminated Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene
    journal, October 2018


    Thermal Instability Induced Oriented 2D Pores for Enhanced Sodium Storage
    journal, April 2018


    2D Crystal–Based Fibers: Status and Challenges
    journal, August 2019


    Advanced Materials for Sodium‐Ion Capacitors with Superior Energy–Power Properties: Progress and Perspectives
    journal, September 2019


    Ti 3 C 2 MXene Paper for the Effective Adsorption and Controllable Release of Aroma Molecules
    journal, August 2019


    In Situ N‐Doped Graphene and Mo Nanoribbon Formation from Mo 2 Ti 2 C 3 MXene Monolayers
    journal, January 2020


    Applications of Conventional Vibrational Spectroscopic Methods for Batteries Beyond Li-Ion
    journal, March 2018


    Computational Screening of 2D Materials and Rational Design of Heterojunctions for Water Splitting Photocatalysts
    journal, April 2018


    Adhesion of two-dimensional titanium carbides (MXenes) and graphene to silicon
    journal, July 2019


    Single Pd atomic catalyst on Mo 2 CO 2 monolayer (MXene): unusual activity for CO oxidation by trimolecular Eley–Rideal mechanism
    journal, January 2018

    • Cheng, Cheng; Zhang, Xilin; Wang, Mingyang
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cp07161b

    Two-dimensional halide perovskite nanomaterials and heterostructures
    journal, January 2018

    • Shi, Enzheng; Gao, Yao; Finkenauer, Blake P.
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7cs00886d

    Topochemical pyrolytic synthesis of quasi-Mxene hybrids via ionic liquid-iron phthalocyanine as a self-template
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Ruixuan; Rui, Kun; Yang, Xiaofei
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cc08997c

    Modified MXene: promising electrode materials for constructing Ohmic contacts with MoS 2 for electronic device applications
    journal, January 2018

    • Zhao, Pei; Jin, Hao; Lv, Xingshuai
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp02300j

    Three-dimensional auxetic properties in group V–VI binary monolayer crystals X 3 M 2 (X = S, Se; M = N, P, As)
    journal, January 2019

    • Chen, Yan; Liao, Xiangbiao; Shi, Xiaoyang
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp05260c

    A synergetic stabilization and strengthening strategy for two-dimensional ordered hybrid transition metal carbides
    journal, January 2018

    • Fu, Zhongheng; Zhang, Shihao; Legut, Dominik
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 47
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cp06458j

    Topochemical synthesis of 2D materials
    journal, January 2018

    • Xiao, Xu; Wang, Hao; Urbankowski, Patrick
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8cs00649k

    Photonic nanoarchitectonics with stimuli-responsive 2D materials
    journal, January 2019

    • Ganter, Pirmin; Lotsch, Bettina V.
    • Molecular Systems Design & Engineering, Vol. 4, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8me00112j

    Oxidized Ti 3 C 2 MXene nanosheets for dye-sensitized solar cells
    journal, January 2018

    • Dall'Agnese, Chunxiang; Dall'Agnese, Yohan; Anasori, Babak
    • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 42, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8nj03246g

    Layer-by-layer assembly of MXene and carbon nanotubes on electrospun polymer films for flexible energy storage
    journal, January 2018

    • Zhou, Zehang; Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; Mathis, Tyler S.
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 10, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8nr00313k

    A nanoporous MXene film enables flexible supercapacitors with high energy storage
    journal, January 2018

    • Fan, Zhimin; Wang, Youshan; Xie, Zhimin
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 10, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8nr01550c

    Tuning the mechanical properties of silicene nanosheet by auxiliary cracks: a molecular dynamics study
    journal, January 2018

    • Nahid, Shahriar Muhammad; Nahian, Shahriar; Motalab, Mohammad
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 8, Issue 53
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ra04728f

    Highly efficient photoelectrocatalytic reduction of CO 2 on the Ti 3 C 2 /g-C 3 N 4 heterojunction with rich Ti 3+ and pyri-N species
    journal, January 2018

    • Xu, Yanjie; Wang, Shuai; Yang, Jun
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 31
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta03315c

    Transition metal modification and carbon vacancy promoted Cr 2 CO 2 (MXenes): a new opportunity for a highly active catalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction
    journal, January 2018

    • Cheng, Yu-Wen; Dai, Jian-Hong; Zhang, Yu-Min
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta07749e

    Recent progress in flexible non-lithium based rechargeable batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Liu, Yang; Sun, Zehang; Tan, Ke
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta10258a

    Stabilization of 2D graphene, functionalized graphene, and Ti 2 CO 2 (MXene) in super-critical CO 2 : a molecular dynamics study
    journal, January 2019

    • Khaledialidusti, Rasoul; Mahdavi, Ehsan; Barnoush, Afrooz
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp02244a

    Single molybdenum atom anchored on 2D Ti 2 NO 2 MXene as a promising electrocatalyst for N 2 fixation
    journal, January 2019

    • Cheng, Yuwen; Dai, Jianhong; Song, Yan
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr05402b

    Janus MXene nanosheets for macroscopic assemblies
    journal, January 2020

    • Zhao, Sai; Li, Lulu; Zhang, Hao-Bin
    • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 4, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9qm00681h

    Microscopic dynamics in room-temperature ionic liquids confined in materials for supercapacitor applications
    journal, January 2020

    • Osti, Naresh C.; Mamontov, Eugene
    • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 4, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9se00829b

    Hierarchical Ni 2 P/Cr 2 CT x (MXene) composites with oxidized surface groups as efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting
    journal, January 2019

    • Cheng, Yuwen; Zhang, Yumin; Li, Yue
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00008a

    A facile method for synthesizing CuS decorated Ti 3 C 2 MXene with enhanced performance for asymmetric supercapacitors
    journal, January 2019

    • Pan, Zhihu; Cao, Fa; Hu, Xing
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta00085b

    Novel two-dimensional molybdenum carbides as high capacity anodes for lithium/sodium-ion batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Yu, Yadong; Guo, Zhonglu; Peng, Qiong
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02650a

    An MXene/CNTs@P nanohybrid with stable Ti–O–P bonds for enhanced lithium ion storage
    journal, January 2019

    • Zhang, Shixue; Liu, Huan; Cao, Bin
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 38
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta07357d

    Carbon–metal compound composite electrodes for capacitive deionization: synthesis, development and applications
    journal, January 2019

    • Tang, Kexin; Hong, Terence Zhi Xiang; You, Liming
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 47
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta08663c

    Sol–gel based synthesis and enhanced processability of MAX phase Cr 2 GaC
    journal, January 2019

    • Siebert, Jan Paul; Bischoff, Lothar; Lepple, Maren
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc01416k

    Optimizing special quasirandom structure (SQS) models for accurate functional property prediction in disordered 2D alloys
    journal, November 2018

    • Wong, Zicong Marvin; Tan, Teck Leong; Yang, Shuo-Wang
    • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 30, Issue 48
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648x/aae764

    Structures, stabilities and piezoelectric properties of Janus gallium oxides and chalcogenides monolayers
    journal, November 2019


    Recent progress in the synthesis and applications of 2D metal nanosheets
    journal, March 2019


    Mechanical instability driven self-assembly and architecturing of 2D materials
    journal, March 2017


    Centimeter-sized 2D α -MoO 3 single crystal: growth, Raman anisotropy, and optoelectronic properties
    journal, July 2018


    Excellent air and water stability of two-dimensional black phosphorene/MXene heterostructure
    journal, March 2019


    MnPO 4 ·H 2 O as Electrode Material for Electrochemical Capacitors
    journal, January 2018

    • Martínez, Jorge Alexis Zuñiga; Porto, Raúl Lucio; Cortez, Iván Eleazar Moreno
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.1281810jes

    Advances in Two-Dimensional MXenes for Nitrogen Electrocatalytic Reduction to Ammonia
    journal, February 2020

    • Yu, Lan-lan; Qin, Jiang-zhou; Zhao, Wen-jun
    • International Journal of Photoenergy, Vol. 2020
    • DOI: 10.1155/2020/5251431

    Astromimetics: The dawn of a new era for (bio)materials science?
    journal, January 2018


    Broadband multi-wavelength optical sensing based on photothermal effect of 2D MXene films
    journal, November 2019