An electroweak basis for neutrinoless double β decay
Here, a discovery of neutrinoless double-β decay would be profound, providing the first direct experimental evidence of ΔL = 2 lepton number violating processes. While a natural explanation is provided by an effective Majorana neutrino mass, other new physics interpretations should be carefully evaluated. At low-energies such new physics could man-ifest itself in the form of color and SU(2) _{L} × U(1)Y invariant higher dimension operators. Here we determine a complete set of electroweak invariant dimension-9 operators, and our analysis supersedes those that only impose U(1) _{em} invariance. Imposing electroweak invariance implies: 1) a significantly reduced set of leading order operators compared to only imposing U(1) _{em} invariance; and 2) other collider signatures. Prior to imposing electroweak invariance we find a minimal basis of 24 dimension-9 operators, which is reduced to 11 electroweak invariant operators at leading order in the expansion in the Higgs vacuum expectation value. We set up a systematic analysis of the hadronic realization of the 4-quark operators using chiral perturbation theory, and apply it to determine which of these operators have long-distance pion enhancements at leading order in the chiral expansion. We also find at dimension-11 and dimension-13 the electroweak invariant operators that after electroweak symmetrymore »
- Publication Date:
- Report Number(s):
- LA-UR-16-23550
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
- Grant/Contract Number:
- AC52-06NA25396
- Type:
- Accepted Manuscript
- Journal Name:
- Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
- Publisher:
- Springer Berlin
- Research Org:
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- Language:
- English
- Subject:
- 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; Beyond Standard Model; Neutrino Physics; Chiral Lagrangians
- OSTI Identifier:
- 1398909
Graesser, Michael L. An electroweak basis for neutrinoless double β decay. United States: N. p.,
Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2017)099.
Graesser, Michael L. An electroweak basis for neutrinoless double β decay. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2017)099.
Graesser, Michael L. 2017.
"An electroweak basis for neutrinoless double β decay". United States.
doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2017)099. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1398909.
@article{osti_1398909,
title = {An electroweak basis for neutrinoless double β decay},
author = {Graesser, Michael L.},
abstractNote = {Here, a discovery of neutrinoless double-β decay would be profound, providing the first direct experimental evidence of ΔL = 2 lepton number violating processes. While a natural explanation is provided by an effective Majorana neutrino mass, other new physics interpretations should be carefully evaluated. At low-energies such new physics could man-ifest itself in the form of color and SU(2)L × U(1)Y invariant higher dimension operators. Here we determine a complete set of electroweak invariant dimension-9 operators, and our analysis supersedes those that only impose U(1)em invariance. Imposing electroweak invariance implies: 1) a significantly reduced set of leading order operators compared to only imposing U(1)em invariance; and 2) other collider signatures. Prior to imposing electroweak invariance we find a minimal basis of 24 dimension-9 operators, which is reduced to 11 electroweak invariant operators at leading order in the expansion in the Higgs vacuum expectation value. We set up a systematic analysis of the hadronic realization of the 4-quark operators using chiral perturbation theory, and apply it to determine which of these operators have long-distance pion enhancements at leading order in the chiral expansion. We also find at dimension-11 and dimension-13 the electroweak invariant operators that after electroweak symmetry breaking produce the remaining ΔL = 2 operators that would appear at dimension-9 if only U(1)em is imposed.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP08(2017)099},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 8,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}