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Title: Soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone: spatial structure and environmental correlates

Abstract

Soil respiration is a key ecosystem function whereby shifts in respiration rates can shift systems from carbon sinks to sources. Soil respiration in permafrost-associated systems is particularly important given climate change driven permafrost thaw that leads to significant uncertainty in resulting ecosystem carbon dynamics. Here we characterize the spatial structure and environmental drivers of soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone. We find that soil respiration is characterized by a non-linear threshold that occurs at active-layer depths greater than 140 cm. We also find that within each season, tree basal area is a dominant driver of soil respiration regardless of spatial scale, but only in spatial domains with significant spatial variability in basal area. Our analyses further show that spatial variation (the coefficient of variation) and mean-variance power-law scaling of soil respiration in our boreal system are consistent with previous work in other ecosystems (e.g., tropical forests) and in population ecology, respectively. Comparing our results to those in other ecosystems suggests that temporally stable features such as tree-stand structure are often primary drivers of spatial variation in soil respiration. If so, this provides an opportunity to better estimate the magnitude and spatial variation in soil respiration through remote sensing. Finally, combining such an approachmore » with broader knowledge of thresholding behavior – here related to active layer depth – would provide empirical constraints on models aimed at predicting ecosystem responses to ongoing permafrost thaw.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Biological Sciences Division
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States). Joint Global Change Research Inst.
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC)
  4. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab. (EMSL)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1398215
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-122396
Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeosciences (Online); Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1726-4189
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; boreal forest; permafrost; soil respiration; greenhouse gas; climate change; ecosystem model

Citation Formats

Stegen, James C., Anderson, Carolyn G., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Crump, Alex R., Chen, Xingyuan, and Hess, Nancy. Soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone: spatial structure and environmental correlates. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4341-2017.
Stegen, James C., Anderson, Carolyn G., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Crump, Alex R., Chen, Xingyuan, & Hess, Nancy. Soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone: spatial structure and environmental correlates. United States. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4341-2017.
Stegen, James C., Anderson, Carolyn G., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Crump, Alex R., Chen, Xingyuan, and Hess, Nancy. Thu . "Soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone: spatial structure and environmental correlates". United States. doi:10.5194/bg-14-4341-2017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1398215.
@article{osti_1398215,
title = {Soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone: spatial structure and environmental correlates},
author = {Stegen, James C. and Anderson, Carolyn G. and Bond-Lamberty, Ben and Crump, Alex R. and Chen, Xingyuan and Hess, Nancy},
abstractNote = {Soil respiration is a key ecosystem function whereby shifts in respiration rates can shift systems from carbon sinks to sources. Soil respiration in permafrost-associated systems is particularly important given climate change driven permafrost thaw that leads to significant uncertainty in resulting ecosystem carbon dynamics. Here we characterize the spatial structure and environmental drivers of soil respiration across a permafrost transition zone. We find that soil respiration is characterized by a non-linear threshold that occurs at active-layer depths greater than 140 cm. We also find that within each season, tree basal area is a dominant driver of soil respiration regardless of spatial scale, but only in spatial domains with significant spatial variability in basal area. Our analyses further show that spatial variation (the coefficient of variation) and mean-variance power-law scaling of soil respiration in our boreal system are consistent with previous work in other ecosystems (e.g., tropical forests) and in population ecology, respectively. Comparing our results to those in other ecosystems suggests that temporally stable features such as tree-stand structure are often primary drivers of spatial variation in soil respiration. If so, this provides an opportunity to better estimate the magnitude and spatial variation in soil respiration through remote sensing. Finally, combining such an approach with broader knowledge of thresholding behavior – here related to active layer depth – would provide empirical constraints on models aimed at predicting ecosystem responses to ongoing permafrost thaw.},
doi = {10.5194/bg-14-4341-2017},
journal = {Biogeosciences (Online)},
number = 18,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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