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Title: Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter

© 2017 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Soil organic matter (SOM) supports the Earth's ability to sustain terrestrial ecosystems, provide food and fiber, and retains the largest pool of actively cycling carbon. Over 75% of the soil organic carbon (SOC) in the top meter of soil is directly affected by human land use. Large land areas have lost SOC as a result of land use practices, yet there are compensatory opportunities to enhance productivity and SOC storage in degraded lands through improved management practices. Large areas with and without intentional management are also being subjected to rapid changes in climate, making many SOC stocks vulnerable to losses by decomposition or disturbance. In order to quantify potential SOC losses or sequestration at field, regional, and global scales, measurements for detecting changes in SOC are needed. Such measurements and soil-management best practices should be based on well established and emerging scientific understanding of processes of C stabilization and destabilization over various timescales, soil types, and spatial scales. As newly engaged members of the International Soil Carbon Network, we have identified gaps in data, modeling, and communication that underscore the need for an open, shared networkmore » to frame and guide the study of SOM and SOC and their management for sustained production and climate regulation.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ; ORCiD logo [12] ; ORCiD logo [13] ; ORCiD logo [14] ;  [15] ;  [10] ;  [16] ;  [17] ;  [12] ;  [15] more »;  [18] ;  [19] « less
  1. Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford CA USA; U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park CA USA
  2. Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford CA USA; Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden
  3. Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford CA USA; Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund Sweden
  4. Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ USA
  5. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Joint Global Change Research Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park MD USA
  6. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver CO USA
  7. Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, College Station TX USA
  8. Climate Change Science Institute and Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge TN USA
  9. Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford CA USA; Woods Institute for the Environment and Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University, Stanford CA USA
  10. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory and Department of Ecosystem Science and Sustainability, Colorado State University, Fort Collins CO USA
  11. USDA-ARS Forage Seed and Cereal Research Unit, Corvallis OR USA
  12. Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu HI USA
  13. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA
  14. Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark DE USA
  15. Department of Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley CA USA
  16. School of Earth and Sustainability, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA USA
  17. USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Houghton MI USA
  18. Food and Environment Program, Union of Concerned Scientists, DC USA
  19. Biological Station and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Pellston MI USA
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Global Change Biology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1354-1013
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
OSTI Identifier:
1398128
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1398129; OSTI ID: 1476619

Harden, Jennifer W., Hugelius, Gustaf, Ahlström, Anders, Blankinship, Joseph C., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Lawrence, Corey R., Loisel, Julie, Malhotra, Avni, Jackson, Robert B., Ogle, Stephen, Phillips, Claire, Ryals, Rebecca, Todd-Brown, Katherine, Vargas, Rodrigo, Vergara, Sintana E., Cotrufo, M. Francesca, Keiluweit, Marco, Heckman, Katherine A., Crow, Susan E., Silver, Whendee L., DeLonge, Marcia, and Nave, Lucas E.. Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1111/gcb.13896.
Harden, Jennifer W., Hugelius, Gustaf, Ahlström, Anders, Blankinship, Joseph C., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Lawrence, Corey R., Loisel, Julie, Malhotra, Avni, Jackson, Robert B., Ogle, Stephen, Phillips, Claire, Ryals, Rebecca, Todd-Brown, Katherine, Vargas, Rodrigo, Vergara, Sintana E., Cotrufo, M. Francesca, Keiluweit, Marco, Heckman, Katherine A., Crow, Susan E., Silver, Whendee L., DeLonge, Marcia, & Nave, Lucas E.. Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter. United States. doi:10.1111/gcb.13896.
Harden, Jennifer W., Hugelius, Gustaf, Ahlström, Anders, Blankinship, Joseph C., Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Lawrence, Corey R., Loisel, Julie, Malhotra, Avni, Jackson, Robert B., Ogle, Stephen, Phillips, Claire, Ryals, Rebecca, Todd-Brown, Katherine, Vargas, Rodrigo, Vergara, Sintana E., Cotrufo, M. Francesca, Keiluweit, Marco, Heckman, Katherine A., Crow, Susan E., Silver, Whendee L., DeLonge, Marcia, and Nave, Lucas E.. 2017. "Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter". United States. doi:10.1111/gcb.13896.
@article{osti_1398128,
title = {Networking our science to characterize the state, vulnerabilities, and management opportunities of soil organic matter},
author = {Harden, Jennifer W. and Hugelius, Gustaf and Ahlström, Anders and Blankinship, Joseph C. and Bond-Lamberty, Ben and Lawrence, Corey R. and Loisel, Julie and Malhotra, Avni and Jackson, Robert B. and Ogle, Stephen and Phillips, Claire and Ryals, Rebecca and Todd-Brown, Katherine and Vargas, Rodrigo and Vergara, Sintana E. and Cotrufo, M. Francesca and Keiluweit, Marco and Heckman, Katherine A. and Crow, Susan E. and Silver, Whendee L. and DeLonge, Marcia and Nave, Lucas E.},
abstractNote = {© 2017 The Authors. Global Change Biology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Soil organic matter (SOM) supports the Earth's ability to sustain terrestrial ecosystems, provide food and fiber, and retains the largest pool of actively cycling carbon. Over 75% of the soil organic carbon (SOC) in the top meter of soil is directly affected by human land use. Large land areas have lost SOC as a result of land use practices, yet there are compensatory opportunities to enhance productivity and SOC storage in degraded lands through improved management practices. Large areas with and without intentional management are also being subjected to rapid changes in climate, making many SOC stocks vulnerable to losses by decomposition or disturbance. In order to quantify potential SOC losses or sequestration at field, regional, and global scales, measurements for detecting changes in SOC are needed. Such measurements and soil-management best practices should be based on well established and emerging scientific understanding of processes of C stabilization and destabilization over various timescales, soil types, and spatial scales. As newly engaged members of the International Soil Carbon Network, we have identified gaps in data, modeling, and communication that underscore the need for an open, shared network to frame and guide the study of SOM and SOC and their management for sustained production and climate regulation.},
doi = {10.1111/gcb.13896},
journal = {Global Change Biology},
number = 2,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}