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Title: Computational chemistry for NH 3 synthesis, hydrotreating, and NO x reduction: Three topics of special interest to Haldor Topsøe

Computational chemistry, especially density functional theory, has experienced a remarkable growth in terms of application over the last few decades. This is attributed to the improvements in theory and computing infrastructure that enable the analysis of systems of unprecedented size and detail at an affordable computational expense. In this perspective, we discuss recent progress and current challenges facing electronic structure theory in the context of heterogeneous catalysis. We specifically focus on the impact of computational chemistry in elucidating and designing catalytic systems in three topics of interest to Haldor Topsøe – ammonia, synthesis, hydrotreating, and NO x reduction. Furthermore, we then discuss the common tools and concepts in computational catalysis that underline these topics and provide a perspective on the challenges and future directions of research in this area of catalysis research.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-05ER15731
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 328; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9517
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; NH3 synthesis; Hydrotreating; NH3-selective catalytic reduction (SCR); Transition metals; Transition metal sulfides; Volcano plots; DFT
OSTI Identifier:
1397257
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1244561