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Title: Ionic-Liquid-Assisted Microwave Synthesis of Solid Solutions of Sr 1–xBa xSnO 3 Perovskite for Photocatalytic Applications

Nanocrystalline Sr 1–xBa xSnO 3 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1) perovskite photocatalysts were prepared by microwave synthesis in an ionic liquid (IL) and subsequent heat-treatment. The influence of the Sr/Ba substitution on the structure, crystallization, morphology, and photocatalytic efficiency was investigated and the samples were fully characterized. On the basis of X-ray diffraction results, as the Ba content in the SrSnO 3 lattice increases, a symmetry increase was observed from the orthorhombic perovskite structure for SrSnO 3 to the cubic BaSnO 3 structure. The analysis of the sample morphology by SEM reveals that the Sr 1–xBa xSnO 3 samples favor the formation of nanorods (500 nm–5 μm in diameter and several micrometers long). The photophysical properties were examined by UV/Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The band gap decreases from 3.85 to 3.19 eV with increasing Ba 2+ content. Furthermore, the photocatalytic properties were evaluated for the hydroxylation of terephthalic acid (TA). The order of the activities for TA hydroxylation was Sr 0.8Ba 0.2SnO 3 > SrSnO 3 > BaSnO 3 > Sr 0.6Ba 0.4SnO 3 > Sr 0.2Ba 0.8SnO 3. Here, the highest photocatalytic activity was observed for Sr 0.8Ba 0.2SnO 3, and this can be attributed to themore » synergistic impacts of the modification of the crystal structure and morphology, the relatively large surface area associated with the small crystallite size, and the suitable band gap and band-edge position.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
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Accepted Manuscript
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Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
ChemPubSoc Europe
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; barium; ionic liquids; microwave chemistry; perovskite phases; strontium
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