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Title: Turbulence and Radiation in Stratocumulus-Topped Marine Boundary Layers: A Case Study from VOCALS-REx

Observations made during a 24-h period as part of the Variability of the American Monsoon Systems (VAMOS) Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) are analyzed to study the radiation and turbulence associated with the stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer (BL). The first 14 h exhibited a well-mixed (coupled) BL with an average cloud-top radiative flux divergence of ~130 W m 22; the BL was decoupled during the last 10 h with negligible radiative flux divergence. The averaged radiative cooling very close to the cloud top was -9.04 K h -1 in coupled conditions and -3.85 K h -1 in decoupled conditions. This is the first study that combined data from a vertically pointing Doppler cloud radar and a Doppler lidar to yield the vertical velocity structure of the entire BL. The averaged vertical velocity variance and updraft mass flux during coupled conditions were higher than those during decoupled conditions at all levels by a factor of 2 or more. The vertical velocity skewness was negative in the entire BL during coupled conditions, whereas it was weakly positive in the lower third of the BL and negative above during decoupled conditions. A formulation of velocity scale is proposed that includes the effect ofmore » cloud-top radiative cooling in addition to the surface buoyancy flux. When scaled by the velocity scale, the vertical velocity variance and coherent downdrafts had similar magnitude during the coupled and decoupled conditions. Finally, the coherent updrafts that exhibited a constant profile in the entire BL during both the coupled and decoupled conditions scaled well with the convective velocity scale to a value of ~0.5.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences; Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Miami, Miami, FL (United States). Division of Meteorology and Physical Oceanography
  3. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences
  4. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Earth System Research Lab., Physical Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; SC0008584; FG02-08ER64531
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1558-8424
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; Turbulence; Boundary layer; Cloud radiative effects; Thermodynamics
OSTI Identifier:
1396179

Ghate, Virendra P., Albrecht, Bruce A., Miller, Mark A., Brewer, Alan, and Fairall, Christopher W.. Turbulence and Radiation in Stratocumulus-Topped Marine Boundary Layers: A Case Study from VOCALS-REx. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0225.1.
Ghate, Virendra P., Albrecht, Bruce A., Miller, Mark A., Brewer, Alan, & Fairall, Christopher W.. Turbulence and Radiation in Stratocumulus-Topped Marine Boundary Layers: A Case Study from VOCALS-REx. United States. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0225.1.
Ghate, Virendra P., Albrecht, Bruce A., Miller, Mark A., Brewer, Alan, and Fairall, Christopher W.. 2014. "Turbulence and Radiation in Stratocumulus-Topped Marine Boundary Layers: A Case Study from VOCALS-REx". United States. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0225.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1396179.
@article{osti_1396179,
title = {Turbulence and Radiation in Stratocumulus-Topped Marine Boundary Layers: A Case Study from VOCALS-REx},
author = {Ghate, Virendra P. and Albrecht, Bruce A. and Miller, Mark A. and Brewer, Alan and Fairall, Christopher W.},
abstractNote = {Observations made during a 24-h period as part of the Variability of the American Monsoon Systems (VAMOS) Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx) are analyzed to study the radiation and turbulence associated with the stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer (BL). The first 14 h exhibited a well-mixed (coupled) BL with an average cloud-top radiative flux divergence of ~130 W m22; the BL was decoupled during the last 10 h with negligible radiative flux divergence. The averaged radiative cooling very close to the cloud top was -9.04 K h-1 in coupled conditions and -3.85 K h-1 in decoupled conditions. This is the first study that combined data from a vertically pointing Doppler cloud radar and a Doppler lidar to yield the vertical velocity structure of the entire BL. The averaged vertical velocity variance and updraft mass flux during coupled conditions were higher than those during decoupled conditions at all levels by a factor of 2 or more. The vertical velocity skewness was negative in the entire BL during coupled conditions, whereas it was weakly positive in the lower third of the BL and negative above during decoupled conditions. A formulation of velocity scale is proposed that includes the effect of cloud-top radiative cooling in addition to the surface buoyancy flux. When scaled by the velocity scale, the vertical velocity variance and coherent downdrafts had similar magnitude during the coupled and decoupled conditions. Finally, the coherent updrafts that exhibited a constant profile in the entire BL during both the coupled and decoupled conditions scaled well with the convective velocity scale to a value of ~0.5.},
doi = {10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0225.1},
journal = {Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology},
number = 1,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {1}
}