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Title: Simulation of argon response and light detection in the DarkSide-50 dual phase TPC

Abstract

A Geant4-based Monte Carlo package named G4DS has been developed to simulate the response of DarkSide-50, an experiment operating since 2013 at LNGS, designed to detect WIMP interactions in liquid argon. In the process of WIMP searches, DarkSide-50 has achieved two fundamental milestones: the rejection of electron recoil background with a power of ~10 7, using the pulse shape discrimination technique, and the measurement of the residual 39Ar contamination in underground argon, ~3 orders of magnitude lower with respect to atmospheric argon. These results rely on the accurate simulation of the detector response to the liquid argon scintillation, its ionization, and electron-ion recombination processes. This work provides a complete overview of the DarkSide Monte Carlo and of its performance, with a particular focus on PARIS, the custom-made liquid argon response model.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
[DarkSide Collaboration]
OSTI Identifier:
1395489
Report Number(s):
[FERMILAB-PUB-17-391-AE-CD-E-PPD; arXiv:1707.05630]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; 1610452]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-07CH11359]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 10]; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A. V., Rosa, G. De, Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Simulation of argon response and light detection in the DarkSide-50 dual phase TPC. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10015.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A. V., Rosa, G. De, Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., & Zuzel, G. Simulation of argon response and light detection in the DarkSide-50 dual phase TPC. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10015.
Agnes, P., Albuquerque, I. F. M., Alexander, T., Alton, A. K., Asner, D. M., Back, H. O., Biery, K., Bocci, V., Bonfini, G., Bonivento, W., Bossa, M., Bottino, B., Budano, F., Bussino, S., Cadeddu, M., Cadoni, M., Calaprice, F., Canci, N., Candela, A., Caravati, M., Cariello, M., Carlini, M., Catalanotti, S., Cataudella, V., Cavalcante, P., Chepurnov, A., Cicalò, C., Cocco, A. G., Covone, G., D'Angelo, D., D'Incecco, M., Davini, S., de Candia, A., Cecco, S. De, Deo, M. De, Filippis, G. De, Vincenzi, M. De, Derbin, A. V., Rosa, G. De, Devoto, A., Eusanio, F. Di, Pietro, G. Di, Dionisi, C., Edkins, E., Empl, A., Fan, A., Fiorillo, G., Fomenko, K., Franco, D., Gabriele, F., Galbiati, C., Giagu, S., Giganti, C., Giovanetti, G. K., Goretti, A. M., Granato, F., Gromov, M., Guan, M., Guardincerri, Y., Hackett, B. R., Herner, K., Hughes, D., Humble, P., Hungerford, E. V., Ianni, An., James, I., Johnson, T. N., Keeter, K., Kendziora, C. L., Koh, G., Korablev, D., Korga, G., Kubankin, A., Li, X., Lissia, M., Loer, B., Longo, G., Ma, Y., Machado, A. A., Machulin, I. N., Mandarano, A., Mari, S. M., Maricic, J., Martoff, C. J., Meyers, P. D., Milincic, R., Monte, A., Mount, B. J., Muratova, V. N., Musico, P., Napolitano, J., Agasson, A. Navrer, Oleinik, A., Orsini, M., Ortica, F., Pagani, L., Pallavicini, M., Pantic, E., Pelczar, K., Pelliccia, N., Pocar, A., Pordes, S., Pugachev, D. A., Qian, H., Randle, K., Razeti, M., Razeto, A., Reinhold, B., Renshaw, A. L., Rescigno, M., Riffard, Q., Romani, A., Rossi, B., Rossi, N., Sablone, D., Sands, W., Sanfilippo, S., Savarese, C., Schlitzer, B., Segreto, E., Semenov, D. A., Singh, P. N., Skorokhvatov, M. D., Smirnov, O., Sotnikov, A., Stanford, C., Suvorov, Y., Tartaglia, R., Testera, G., Tonazzo, A., Trinchese, P., Unzhakov, E. V., Verducci, M., Vishneva, A., Vogelaar, B., Wada, M., Walker, S., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Watson, A. W., Westerdale, S., Wilhelmi, J., Wojcik, M. M., Xiang, X., Xiao, X., Yang, C., Ye, Z., Zhu, C., and Zuzel, G. Mon . "Simulation of argon response and light detection in the DarkSide-50 dual phase TPC". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10015. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1395489.
@article{osti_1395489,
title = {Simulation of argon response and light detection in the DarkSide-50 dual phase TPC},
author = {Agnes, P. and Albuquerque, I. F. M. and Alexander, T. and Alton, A. K. and Asner, D. M. and Back, H. O. and Biery, K. and Bocci, V. and Bonfini, G. and Bonivento, W. and Bossa, M. and Bottino, B. and Budano, F. and Bussino, S. and Cadeddu, M. and Cadoni, M. and Calaprice, F. and Canci, N. and Candela, A. and Caravati, M. and Cariello, M. and Carlini, M. and Catalanotti, S. and Cataudella, V. and Cavalcante, P. and Chepurnov, A. and Cicalò, C. and Cocco, A. G. and Covone, G. and D'Angelo, D. and D'Incecco, M. and Davini, S. and de Candia, A. and Cecco, S. De and Deo, M. De and Filippis, G. De and Vincenzi, M. De and Derbin, A. V. and Rosa, G. De and Devoto, A. and Eusanio, F. Di and Pietro, G. Di and Dionisi, C. and Edkins, E. and Empl, A. and Fan, A. and Fiorillo, G. and Fomenko, K. and Franco, D. and Gabriele, F. and Galbiati, C. and Giagu, S. and Giganti, C. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Goretti, A. M. and Granato, F. and Gromov, M. and Guan, M. and Guardincerri, Y. and Hackett, B. R. and Herner, K. and Hughes, D. and Humble, P. and Hungerford, E. V. and Ianni, An. and James, I. and Johnson, T. N. and Keeter, K. and Kendziora, C. L. and Koh, G. and Korablev, D. and Korga, G. and Kubankin, A. and Li, X. and Lissia, M. and Loer, B. and Longo, G. and Ma, Y. and Machado, A. A. and Machulin, I. N. and Mandarano, A. and Mari, S. M. and Maricic, J. and Martoff, C. J. and Meyers, P. D. and Milincic, R. and Monte, A. and Mount, B. J. and Muratova, V. N. and Musico, P. and Napolitano, J. and Agasson, A. Navrer and Oleinik, A. and Orsini, M. and Ortica, F. and Pagani, L. and Pallavicini, M. and Pantic, E. and Pelczar, K. and Pelliccia, N. and Pocar, A. and Pordes, S. and Pugachev, D. A. and Qian, H. and Randle, K. and Razeti, M. and Razeto, A. and Reinhold, B. and Renshaw, A. L. and Rescigno, M. and Riffard, Q. and Romani, A. and Rossi, B. and Rossi, N. and Sablone, D. and Sands, W. and Sanfilippo, S. and Savarese, C. and Schlitzer, B. and Segreto, E. and Semenov, D. A. and Singh, P. N. and Skorokhvatov, M. D. and Smirnov, O. and Sotnikov, A. and Stanford, C. and Suvorov, Y. and Tartaglia, R. and Testera, G. and Tonazzo, A. and Trinchese, P. and Unzhakov, E. V. and Verducci, M. and Vishneva, A. and Vogelaar, B. and Wada, M. and Walker, S. and Wang, H. and Wang, Y. and Watson, A. W. and Westerdale, S. and Wilhelmi, J. and Wojcik, M. M. and Xiang, X. and Xiao, X. and Yang, C. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, C. and Zuzel, G.},
abstractNote = {A Geant4-based Monte Carlo package named G4DS has been developed to simulate the response of DarkSide-50, an experiment operating since 2013 at LNGS, designed to detect WIMP interactions in liquid argon. In the process of WIMP searches, DarkSide-50 has achieved two fundamental milestones: the rejection of electron recoil background with a power of ~107, using the pulse shape discrimination technique, and the measurement of the residual 39Ar contamination in underground argon, ~3 orders of magnitude lower with respect to atmospheric argon. These results rely on the accurate simulation of the detector response to the liquid argon scintillation, its ionization, and electron-ion recombination processes. This work provides a complete overview of the DarkSide Monte Carlo and of its performance, with a particular focus on PARIS, the custom-made liquid argon response model.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/10/P10015},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = [10],
volume = [12],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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