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Title: Tungsten-encapsulated gadolinium nanoislands with enhanced magnetocaloric response

Here, we report a method for growing chemically pure, oxide-free, air-stable Gd nanoislands with enhanced magnetic properties. These nanoislands are grown by solid-state dewetting and are fully encapsulated in tungsten such that they remain stable in ambient environments. They display good crystalline properties with hexagonally close-packed crystal structure and strong preferential orientation. We show that the choice of substrate strongly affects their shape, crystal orientation, and magnetic properties. The temperature-dependent magnetic coercivity and remanence of the Gd islands can vary by as much as a factor of three depending on the substrate used. The magneto- caloric properties of Gd islands grown on a sapphire substrate exceed those of high-quality Gd thin films.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Reed College, Portland, OR (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 111; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; gadolinium; magnetic entropy; magnetocaloric effect; nanoislands; nanostructuring
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1368414