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Title: Conversion of Methane to Methanol and Ethanol over Nickel Oxide on Ceria-Zirconia Catalysts in a Single Reactor

Here, the conversion of methane into alcohols under moderate reaction conditions is a promising technology for converting stranded methane reserves into liquids that can be transported in pipelines and upgraded to value-added chemicals. We demonstrate that a catalyst consisting of small nickel oxide clusters supported on ceria-zirconia (NiO/CZ) can convert methane to methanol and ethanol in a single, steady-state process at 723 K using O 2 as an abundantly available oxidant. The presence of steam is required to obtain alcohols rather than CO 2 as the product of catalytic combustion. The unusual activity of this catalyst is attributed to the synergy between the small Lewis acidic NiO clusters and the redox-active CZ support, which also stabilizes the small NiO clusters.
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  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; SC0016486; AC02-06CH11357
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Angewandte Chemie (International Edition); Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 44; Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; C-H activation; heterogeneous catalysis; Lewis acid; methane; nickel
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1394849