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Title: Galaxy clusters in the SDSS Stripe 82 based on photometric redshifts

Abstract

Based on a recent photometric redshift galaxy catalogue, we have searched for galaxy clusters in the Stripe ~82 region of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey by applying the Adami & MAzure Cluster FInder (AMACFI). Extensive tests were made to fine-tune the AMACFI parameters and make the cluster detection as reliable as possible. The same method was applied to the Millennium simulation to estimate our detection efficiency and the approximate masses of the detected clusters. Considering all the cluster galaxies (i.e. within a 1 Mpc radius of the cluster to which they belong and with a photoz differing by less than 0.05 from that of the cluster), we stacked clusters in various redshift bins to derive colour-magnitude diagrams and galaxy luminosity functions (GLFs). For each galaxy with absolute magnitude brighter than -19.0 in the r band, we computed the disk and spheroid components by applying SExtractor, and by stacking clusters we determined how the disk-to-spheroid flux ratio varies with cluster redshift and mass. We also detected 3663 clusters in the redshift range 0.1513 and a few 10 14 solar masses. Furthermore, by stacking the cluster galaxies in various redshift bins, we find a clear red sequence in the (g'-r') versus r'more » colour-magnitude diagrams, and the GLFs are typical of clusters, though with a possible contamination from field galaxies. The morphological analysis of the cluster galaxies shows that the fraction of late-type to early-type galaxies shows an increase with redshift (particularly in high mass clusters) and a decrease with detection level, i.e. cluster mass. From the properties of the cluster galaxies, the majority of the candidate clusters detected here seem to be real clusters with typical cluster properties.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France). Inst. of Astrophysics
  2. Marseille Observatory (France). Lab of Astrophysics
  3. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States). Center for Particle Astrophysics
  4. Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Granada (Spain). Inst. of Astrophysics
  5. Nice Observatory (OCA) (France)
  6. Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France). Inst. of Astrophysics; Observatory of Paris, Meduon (France); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  7. Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France). Inst. of Astrophysics; Ecole Normale Superior Paris, Cachan (France)
  8. National Research Inst. of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG), Cairo (Egypt)
  9. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1394825
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1504.00452; FERMILAB-PUB-15-675-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361; 1357576; TRN: US1702111
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 578; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: luminosity function; mass function; galaxies: fundamental parameters

Citation Formats

Durret, F., Adami, C., Bertin, E., Hao, J., Márquez, I., Martinet, N., Maurogordato, S., Sauvaget, T., Scepi, N., Takey, A., and Ulmer, M. P. Galaxy clusters in the SDSS Stripe 82 based on photometric redshifts. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425293.
Durret, F., Adami, C., Bertin, E., Hao, J., Márquez, I., Martinet, N., Maurogordato, S., Sauvaget, T., Scepi, N., Takey, A., & Ulmer, M. P. Galaxy clusters in the SDSS Stripe 82 based on photometric redshifts. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425293.
Durret, F., Adami, C., Bertin, E., Hao, J., Márquez, I., Martinet, N., Maurogordato, S., Sauvaget, T., Scepi, N., Takey, A., and Ulmer, M. P. Wed . "Galaxy clusters in the SDSS Stripe 82 based on photometric redshifts". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425293. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394825.
@article{osti_1394825,
title = {Galaxy clusters in the SDSS Stripe 82 based on photometric redshifts},
author = {Durret, F. and Adami, C. and Bertin, E. and Hao, J. and Márquez, I. and Martinet, N. and Maurogordato, S. and Sauvaget, T. and Scepi, N. and Takey, A. and Ulmer, M. P.},
abstractNote = {Based on a recent photometric redshift galaxy catalogue, we have searched for galaxy clusters in the Stripe ~82 region of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey by applying the Adami & MAzure Cluster FInder (AMACFI). Extensive tests were made to fine-tune the AMACFI parameters and make the cluster detection as reliable as possible. The same method was applied to the Millennium simulation to estimate our detection efficiency and the approximate masses of the detected clusters. Considering all the cluster galaxies (i.e. within a 1 Mpc radius of the cluster to which they belong and with a photoz differing by less than 0.05 from that of the cluster), we stacked clusters in various redshift bins to derive colour-magnitude diagrams and galaxy luminosity functions (GLFs). For each galaxy with absolute magnitude brighter than -19.0 in the r band, we computed the disk and spheroid components by applying SExtractor, and by stacking clusters we determined how the disk-to-spheroid flux ratio varies with cluster redshift and mass. We also detected 3663 clusters in the redshift range 0.1513 and a few 1014 solar masses. Furthermore, by stacking the cluster galaxies in various redshift bins, we find a clear red sequence in the (g'-r') versus r' colour-magnitude diagrams, and the GLFs are typical of clusters, though with a possible contamination from field galaxies. The morphological analysis of the cluster galaxies shows that the fraction of late-type to early-type galaxies shows an increase with redshift (particularly in high mass clusters) and a decrease with detection level, i.e. cluster mass. From the properties of the cluster galaxies, the majority of the candidate clusters detected here seem to be real clusters with typical cluster properties.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201425293},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 578,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    SDSS data management and photometric quality assessment
    journal, October 2004

    • Ivezi?, ?.; Lupton, R. H.; Schlegel, D.
    • Astronomische Nachrichten, Vol. 325, Issue 6-8
    • DOI: 10.1002/asna.200410285

    Simulations of the formation, evolution and clustering of galaxies and quasars
    journal, June 2005

    • Springel, Volker; White, Simon D. M.; Jenkins, Adrian
    • Nature, Vol. 435, Issue 7042
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature03597

    Measuring and modelling the redshift evolution of clustering: the Hubble Deep Field North
    journal, December 1999


    The Las Campanas/AAT Rich Cluster Survey - II. The environmental dependence of galaxy colours in clusters at z ∼0.1
    journal, March 2002


    Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003
    journal, October 2003


    Evolution of the early-type galaxy fraction in clusters since z = 0.8
    journal, October 2009


    A new window of exploration in the mass spectrum: strong lensing by galaxy groups in the SL2S
    journal, June 2009


    Galaxy structure searches by photometric redshifts in the CFHTLS
    journal, January 2010


    The WIRCAM Deep Infrared Cluster Survey: I. Groups and clusters at
    journal, November 2010


    The merging cluster Abell 1758 revisited: multi-wavelength observations and numerical simulations
    journal, March 2011


    Galaxy cluster searches based on photometric redshifts in the four CFHTLS Wide fields
    journal, November 2011


    The 2XMMi/SDSS Galaxy Cluster Survey: I. The first cluster sample and X-ray luminosity–temperature relation⋆
    journal, October 2011


    The 2XMMi/SDSS Galaxy Cluster Survey: II. The optically confirmed cluster sample and the
    journal, October 2013


    The X-CLASS−redMaPPer galaxy cluster comparison: I. Identification procedures
    journal, November 2014


    The evolution of the cluster optical galaxy luminosity function between z = 0.4 and 0.9 in the DAFT/FADA survey
    journal, March 2015


    Two spectroscopically confirmed galaxy structures at z = 0.61 and 0.74 in the CFHTLS Deep 3 field
    journal, February 2015


    The 3XMM/SDSS Stripe 82 Galaxy Cluster Survey: I. Cluster catalogue and discovery of two merging cluster candidates⋆
    journal, October 2016


    The VIMOS VLT Deep Survey: Evolution of the luminosity functions by galaxy type up to z = 1.5 from first epoch data
    journal, August 2006


    Accurate photometric redshifts for the CFHT legacy survey calibrated using the VIMOS VLT deep survey
    journal, September 2006


    Weak lensing survey of galaxy clusters in the CFHTLS Deep
    journal, November 2006


    The CFHTLS strong lensing legacy survey: I. Survey overview and T0002 release sample
    journal, October 2006


    Galaxy clusters in the CFHTLS: First matched filter candidate catalogue of the Deep fields
    journal, September 2006


    Galaxy clusters in the CFHTLS: First matched filter candidate catalogue of the Deep fields
    journal, November 2007


    Structure detection in the D1 CFHTLS deep field using accurate photometric redshifts: a benchmark
    journal, March 2007


    Galaxy clusters in the CFHTLS: II. Matched-filter results in different passbands
    journal, December 2008


    CARS: the CFHTLS-Archive-Research Survey: I. Five-band multi-colour data from 37 sq. deg. CFHTLS-wide observations
    journal, December 2008


    SExtractor: Software for source extraction
    journal, June 1996

    • Bertin, E.; Arnouts, S.
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 117, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996164

    The use of minimal spanning tree to characterize the 2D cluster galaxy distribution
    journal, January 1999

    • Adami, C.; Mazure, A.
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 134, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1999145

    The Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey distant cluster sample - X-ray cosmological evolution
    journal, June 1990

    • Gioia, I. M.; Henry, J. P.; Maccacaro, T.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 356
    • DOI: 10.1086/185744

    A Serendipitous Galaxy Cluster Survey with XMM : Expected Catalog Properties and Scientific Applications
    journal, February 2001

    • Romer, A. Kathy; Viana, Pedro T. P.; Liddle, Andrew R.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 547, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1086/318382

    The Mass‐Temperature Relation of 22 Nearby Clusters
    journal, May 2001

    • Xu, Haiguang; Jin, Guangxue; Wu, Xiang‐Ping
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 553, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/320662

    Detailed Structural Decomposition of Galaxy Images
    journal, July 2002

    • Peng, Chien Y.; Ho, Luis C.; Impey, Chris D.
    • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 124, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/340952

    Evolution since z = 1 of the Morphology‐Density Relation for Galaxies
    journal, February 2005

    • Smith, Graham P.; Treu, Tommaso; Ellis, Richard S.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 620, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/426930

    The Morphology‐Density Relation in z ∼ 1 Clusters
    journal, April 2005

    • Postman, M.; Franx, M.; Cross, N. J. G.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 623, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1086/428881

    A Gmbcg Galaxy Cluster Catalog of 55,424 rich Clusters from sdss dr7
    journal, November 2010

    • Hao, Jiangang; McKay, Timothy A.; Koester, Benjamin P.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 191, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/191/2/254

    A Catalog of 132,684 Clusters of Galaxies Identified from Sloan Digital sky Survey iii
    journal, March 2012

    • Wen, Z. L.; Han, J. L.; Liu, F. S.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 199, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/199/2/34

    Optical galaxy clusters in the Deep Lens Survey
    journal, February 2014

    • Ascaso, B.; Wittman, D.; Dawson, W.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu074

    Combined analysis of weak lensing and X-ray blind surveys
    journal, April 2008

    • Bergé, Joel; Pacaud, Florian; Réfrégier, Alexandre
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 385, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.12902.x

    A reliable cluster detection technique using photometric redshifts: introducing the 2TecX algorithm
    journal, June 2009


    3D-Matched-Filter galaxy cluster finder - I. Selection functions and CFHTLS Deep clusters: 3D-Matched-Filter galaxy cluster finder
    journal, May 2010


    4098 galaxy clusters to z∼ 0.6 in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey equatorial Stripe 82: A catalogue of Stripe 82 clusters
    journal, March 2011

    • Geach, James E.; Murphy, David N. A.; Bower, Richard G.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 413, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18380.x

    orca: The Overdense Red-sequence Cluster Algorithm: orca
    journal, January 2012


    Bayesian cluster finder: clusters in the CFHTLS Archive Research Survey: Bayesian cluster finder: clusters in the CARS
    journal, December 2011


    The XMM Cluster Survey: optical analysis methodology and the first data release: The XMM Cluster Survey first data release
    journal, April 2012


    Cosmological Parameters from Observations of Galaxy Clusters
    journal, September 2011