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Title: Magnetic structure and magnetization of helical antiferromagnets in high magnetic fields perpendicular to the helix axis at zero temperature

The zero-temperature angles of magnetic moments in a helix or sinusoidal fan confined to the x y plane, with respect to an in-plane magnetic field H x applied perpendicular to the z axis of a helix or fan, are calculated for commensurate helices and fans with field-independent turn angles k d between moments in adjacent layers of the helix or fan using the classical J 0 - J 1 - J 2 Heisenberg model. For 0 < k d < 4 π / 9 , first-order transitions from helix to a fan structure occur at fields H t as previously inferred, where the fan is found to be approximately sinusoidal. However, for 4 π / 9 ≤ k d ≤ π , different behaviors are found depending on the value of k d and these properties vary nonmonotonically with k d . In this k d range, the change from helix to fanlike structure is usually a crossover with no phase transition between them, although first-order transitions are found for k d = 3 π / 5 and 8 π / 11 and a second-order transition for k d = 3 π / 4 . At a critical field Hmore » c , the fan or fanlike structures exhibit a second-order transition to the paramagnetic state. The H c for a helix undergoing a field-induced change to a fan or fanlike structure is found to be the same as for a sinusoidal fan with the same k d and interlayer interactions. We present analytical expressions for H c versus k d. We also calculated the average x -axis moment per spin μ x ave versus H x for helices and fans with crossovers and phase transitions between them. When smooth helix to fanlike crossovers occur in the range 4 π / 9 ≤ k d ≤ π , μ x ave exhibits an S-shape behavior with increasing H x . The behavior we predict is consistent with μ x ave ( H x ) data previously reported by Sangeetha et al. [Phys. Rev. B 94, 014422 (2016)] for single-crystal EuCo 2 P 2 possessing a helix ground state with k d ≈ 0.85 π . The low-field magnetic susceptibility and the ratio H t / H c are calculated analytically or numerically versus k d for helices, and are shown to approach the respective known limits for k d → 0 .« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9439
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; TRN: US1702839
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1394804
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1378398