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Title: Measurements and calculations of air activation in the NuMI neutrino production facility at Fermilab with the 120-GeV proton beam on target

Measurements and calculations of the air activation at a high-energy proton accelerator are described. The quantity of radionuclides released outdoors depends on operation scenarios including details of the air exchange inside the facility. To improve the prediction of the air activation levels, the MARS15 Monte Carlo code radionuclide production model was modified to be used for these studies. Measurements were done to benchmark the new model and verify its use in optimization studies for the new DUNE experiment at the Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) at Fermilab. The measured production rates for the most important radionuclides – 11C, 13N, 15O and 41Ar – are in a good agreement with those calculated with the improved MARS15 code.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-382-AD-APC-ESH; arXiv:1712.00068
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X; 1640313
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 414; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-583X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS
OSTI Identifier:
1394791

Rakhno, I. L., Hylen, J., Kasper, P., Mokhov, N. V., Quinn, M., Striganov, S. I., and Vaziri, K.. Measurements and calculations of air activation in the NuMI neutrino production facility at Fermilab with the 120-GeV proton beam on target. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.09.021.
Rakhno, I. L., Hylen, J., Kasper, P., Mokhov, N. V., Quinn, M., Striganov, S. I., & Vaziri, K.. Measurements and calculations of air activation in the NuMI neutrino production facility at Fermilab with the 120-GeV proton beam on target. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.09.021.
Rakhno, I. L., Hylen, J., Kasper, P., Mokhov, N. V., Quinn, M., Striganov, S. I., and Vaziri, K.. 2017. "Measurements and calculations of air activation in the NuMI neutrino production facility at Fermilab with the 120-GeV proton beam on target". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2017.09.021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394791.
@article{osti_1394791,
title = {Measurements and calculations of air activation in the NuMI neutrino production facility at Fermilab with the 120-GeV proton beam on target},
author = {Rakhno, I. L. and Hylen, J. and Kasper, P. and Mokhov, N. V. and Quinn, M. and Striganov, S. I. and Vaziri, K.},
abstractNote = {Measurements and calculations of the air activation at a high-energy proton accelerator are described. The quantity of radionuclides released outdoors depends on operation scenarios including details of the air exchange inside the facility. To improve the prediction of the air activation levels, the MARS15 Monte Carlo code radionuclide production model was modified to be used for these studies. Measurements were done to benchmark the new model and verify its use in optimization studies for the new DUNE experiment at the Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) at Fermilab. The measured production rates for the most important radionuclides – 11C, 13N, 15O and 41Ar – are in a good agreement with those calculated with the improved MARS15 code.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nimb.2017.09.021},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
number = C,
volume = 414,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}